Article by Leandro Gunnar Fortin
Marine is actually a saying used to describe saltwater environments. Typical seawater contains between 33 and 36 ppt of salt (the same as 33-36 grams per litre). Marine fish tanks need different equipment to tropical fish tanks. think about for your marine aquarium is marine salt. Not to be mistaken with table salt or aquarium salt, as marine salt is unique. It is actually made by using a desalination technique of natural seawater, or alternatively it can be manufactured synthetically using the right balance of elements and additives.
To tell you how much salt is in the water you’ll need a hydrometer. It’s a vital but inexpensive tool to keep a marine tank, and it ought to be used when producing up water for a water change. These are not that hard to use and many feature a built-in thermometer.
It’s important to remember that warm salt water evaporates at a rapid rate, such as a large tank can lose 25l each week or more. Marine reef life is not accustomed to fluctuations in salinity, so a computerized top-up device makes sense.This requires a float switch which is placed in your primary tank and connected with a pump that you just place in the top-up water, so your water level can be topped up automatically in the primary tank.Another fundamental piece of equipment you’ll want to help you maintain clean marine water is a protein skimmer. This can be used jointly with a traditional biological filtration system or as part of a natural filtration system side by side with living rock.
Protein skimmers work by creating small bubbles that arise through the plastic column to the surface, collecting proteins in the water as they rise. These proteins would certainly be converted into ammonia and nitrate by biological filtration.There are many different protein skimmers on the market to pick from, including external and internal models, most powered using a powerhead, however, some smaller ones are powered by an airpump linked with a limewood airstone to supply tiny bubbles. The best idea is to get the biggest skimmer are able to afford as these will be the most effective, but ensure that it fits your tank first.
Powerheads once were used as part of under-gravel filtration systems, the difference is they are mainly employed for moving water around, as modern reef aquariums need a good amount of flow around the tank in order to meet the requirements of the corals.
Surge controllers or wavemakers, as they are best known, control the flow of one or several powerheads to make them come on at intervals. This leads to a more natural flow of seawater, and the effect looks good too. Some will even imitate the change in the flow of water between nighttime and daytime, and low and high tides.
Unfortunately powerheads along with other equipment produce heat and marine tanks hate heat. High-powered lights are the principle culprit for producing excess heat so it can be essential to purchase a cooler or a chiller inside your tank. These are generally a sort of refrigeration unit that hook up to the tank so when water is pumped throughout the unit it is chilled and returned to the tank.There’s a lot of other equipment that one could also add to your tank to maintain the water clear and the levels right but it can turn out to be extremely expensive. Before starting looking around at marine fish tanks understand all the potential costs and pitfalls prior to reaching your final decision about what to purchase.
Keeping a marine tank isn’t easy but it can be quite rewarding should you get it right.
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