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Starting A Marine or Coral Reef Aquarium

A marine aquarium is an aquarium that keeps marine plants and animals in a contained environment. Marine aquaria are further subdivided by hobbyists into fish only (FO), fish only with live rock (FOWLR), and reef aquaria.

Fish only tanks often showcase large or aggressive marine fish species and generally rely on mechanical and chemical filtration. FOWLR and reef tanks use live rock, a material composed of coral skeletons harboring beneficial nitrogen waste metabolizing bacteria, as a means of more natural biological filtration.

Marine fish keeping is different from its freshwater counterpart because of the fundamental differences in the constitution of saltwater and the resulting differences in the adaptation of its inhabitants. A stable marine aquarium requires more equipment than freshwater systems, and generally requires more stringent water quality monitoring.[1] The inhabitants of a marine aquarium are often difficult to acquire and are usually more expensive than freshwater aquarium inhabitants. However, the inhabitants of saltwater aquariums are usually much more spectacular than freshwater aquarium fish.

A reef aquarium or reef tank is an marine aquarium that prominently displays live corals and other marine invertebrates as well as fish that play a role in maintaining the coral reef environment. A reef aquarium requires appropriately intense lighting, turbulent water movement, and more stable water chemistry than fish-only marine aquaria, and careful consideration is given to which reef animals are appropriate and compatible with each other.

Its a lot of work and many [people use an aquarium maintenance service to handle it.

What equipment is needed? Most modern aquarium equipment is designed to be functional in either salt or fresh water, but it is important to select quality, reliable supplies. It hardly pays to save six dollars on a heater or ten dollars on a filter system and risk the loss of twenty or thirty dollar fish. Contrary to some opinions, under gravel filters are not essential in saltwater aquariums. Many of our customers have had success using the sort of equipment that we include in our “PRO” setups; deluxe heaters, outside power filters and air stones. The only necessary additions to a good freshwater setup are special gravel (crushed coral), sea salt mix, and a hydrometer.

Are saltwater fish hard to keep? Just as in freshwater, there are some species that are usually quite sturdy and some that challenge even the experts. The “Marine Care and Compatibility Table” portion of this guide is meant to help the hobbyist choose fish and invertebrates appropriate for his level of expertise. In addition, the individual specimen should be observed closely before purchase. Sometimes an individual or group of even the most hardy variety will have been subjected to just one too many changes, and will become weak or sickly or will refuse to eat. We will try to help in choosing healthy specimens as much as possible.

Checklist of Items Needed to Start an Maintain a Saltwater Aquarium

The items listed here are pieces of equipment and components that are fundamental for setting up and running a saltwater aquarium or reef tank system.


You need to decide where you want to put your aquarium, determine what size you want or may only have room for, whether you want an acrylic or glass tank, and choose a style that will best fit into the spot you have picked out to display it.


The type of lighting you choose will be based on the type of system you have planned to set up, as well as what kind of livestock you will be keeping in it.

Skimmers, Filters & Filtration Equipment

Once again, what type of system you are going to set up will help you determine which kind of filters and filtration system to choose.


Depending on the size of your aquarium, the use one or several power heads is an excellent way to provide good water circulation throughout the system.

Live Rock & Substrate

Here you need to decide on what type of material you want on the bottom of the tank, as well as whether you want to start with a live or non-living medium. Live Rock plays an important role in a marine tank. Many marine animals, fish in particular, can be quite territorial. It is important to provide ample shelter or places where the animals can hide, sleep, and avoid potential problems with aggression from other tank mates in the confined space of an aquarium.

Sea Salt Mix/Saltwater & Hydrometer

Sea salts are what make an aquarium a saltwater or marine aquarium. Also referred to as a salinity tester, this item measures the specific gravity or salt content of the water.Heater &


For smaller aquariums one heater works well, but for larger systems the use of multiple units is advised. With stick-on, floating, multi-function remote digital sensor, and many other types of units to pick from, the material a thermometer is made of is an important factor when choosing one as well.

Air Pump & Air Stones

Only needed if you are going to run a piece of equipment that requires these items, such as a counter-current protein skimmer.

Test Kits,Additives & Supplements

For live rock and reef tank systems, calcium (a.k.a. limewater/kalkwasser) needs to be added. Other supplemental vitamins or additives that are beneficial to the health of certain marine inhabitants you may be keeping, such a iodine for crustaceans, are important as well.

Maintenance Tools & Supplies

This category includes having items on hand such as a various sized plastic buckets or containers, tank cleaning tools such as a siphon tube/hose, an algae scraper or magnet, as well as nets of different sizes, spare equipment replacements parts, and so on. A good way to keep track of what maintenance tasks you have preformed and when is to keep a log book or record of everything you do.

Freshwater Fish Aquariums – Why You Should Consider Starting One

Article by Jack

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Affordable tips for starting a saltwater fish tank

Article by Larry Blenn

Tips for starting a saltwater fish tank

If you are new to saltwater aquariums then you may have already figured out that it is an expensive hobby. Starting with the tank you probably already have a lot of your money tied up in this hobby. There are a few ways that I have learned over the years that can save you some of your hard earned money.If you are crafty at all, I would look into building your own stand and canopy. This alone can save you big time as stands tend to get expensive when you look at some of the more exotic woods. Oak is usually the preferred wood used in stand designs and is usually stocked at your local supply store.Lighting is one of the most expensive things you will have to invest in if you plan on keeping corals. A good lighting setup can range from 0 and up. One simple trick I learned is building my own lighting setup. I purchased a quality ballist from my local fish store for around 9 and then I went to my local discount home supply store and purchased two cheap lighting fixtures for about each. I then removed the ballist and replaced it with the one I purchased at the fish store. Of course, the bulbs for this type of setup will still be expensive but the overall fixture cost me about 0 with bulbs.I now have a 400 watt setup that would normally run around 0 with bulbs.If you plan on keeping live rock in your tank there is a simple trick to creating more live rock. Most fish stores will also sell dead rock. They usually keep it on a back shelf somewhere but make sure you ask someone because you can usually buy it for around.25 cents a pound. Then you can build a layer of dead rock at the bottom of your tank and place the live rock right on top. This will hide the dead rock and at the same time raise your overall rock height so that it appears like you have more of a reef style setup. The dead rock will not be dead for long and you will notice over time how things have spread onto the dead rock.One of the biggest benefits of having live rock in the tank is that it will also serve as a biological filter in combination with a good2 – 3 inch deep sand bed. I have had great success by only using live rock, live sand and a protein skimmer along with a cheap filter that holds the blue foss pad to capture larger particles. Keep in mind that success does not happen overnight. This hooby requires a certain amount of patients. Take your time and before too long you will have a beautiful aquarium.

Larry Blenn is a saltwater fish tank enthusiest with many articles on the subject. get more free saltwater info at http://www.fishtankarticles.com

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Starting the Saltwater Fish Hob

Article by Groshan Fabiola

Saltwater fish collecting is a great hobby with many rewards, but it also requires a lot of hard work and dedication. You can’t just go to the saltwater fish store, pick out a few creatures and plop them into a tank filled with water. This is definitely a much more time-consuming and expensive pet hobby than owning a goldfish, but the beauty of the fish and the rewards of maintaining this difficult environment are also much greater. Before looking for a local marine fish sale and picking the first affordable fishes you find, you will need to learn as much about this hobby as possible.

The first thing any saltwater fish hobbyist should do before actually beginning the hobby is read up about all the species and what they require to keep them happy and healthy. Some fish are able to live with each other harmoniously and some are not, so it is important to learn about this prior to putting two deadly enemies together. This way you can also peruse a marine fish sale with an idea of what you want and what you should avoid. Most hobbyists will tell you to avoid Triggerfish, for example, as they are highly territorial and will consider the tank their space if you put them in their first. In addition to fish, there are also live corals and rocks made of limestone and decomposing coral skeleton that you can add, which also require their own specific types of maintenance.

After learning about the fish and corals you want, you can begin purchasing the aquarium and all the equipment such as saltwater mix, temperature gage, filtration system, lights, skimmer, cleaning solution and more. Then you can visit the saltwater fish store and get everything you need to create this beautiful aquatic wonderland. And once it’s set up, you will need to perform all the maintenance such as cleaning and water monitoring. Then you can truly enjoy the rewards of this challenging hobby.

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Starting a Saltwater Aquarium – Picking a Saltwater Aquarium

Article by Chris Ball

Have you ever been captivated by the beauty found in a saltwater aquarium? The bright colors and unique fishes found in an aquarium reveal so much of the oceans natural beauty, yet they can be found in the comfort of your very own home! Even though this magnificent beauty is enticing, many people choose not to invest in a saltwater aquarium because they’ve heard that maintaining a saltwater aquarium is more difficult than maintaining a freshwater aquarium. The truth is that the saltwater aquariums, while acquiring more of an investment, will provide you with a beautiful display of the ocean ecosystem and once in place will be no more difficult to maintain that a freshwater aquarium.

One of the most important decisions you will make when starting your aquarium will be the size. An important rule to remember is that the bigger your saltwater aquarium is the better, not because of shear size but because a larger tank will be more forgiving when it comes to mistakes. If you are a beginner the best size for you may be a 55 gallon tank. It is also important to remember that saltwater fish require more space than freshwater fish. So having a larger tank will enable you to have a more successful start.

After choosing your tank size you will be able to make educated decisions concerning the rest of the equipment for your saltwater aquarium. The aquarium size will determine the type of filtration you will need, the type of lighting you will need, and the type of environment you will create for your fish. You will want to be sure that if you are going to have “live rocks,” or rocks that have been transplanted from an ocean environment, you will want a good filtration system. All of these decisions are affected by the size of the tank you purchase. Again, a 55 gallon tank is the best size to start with because it will enable you to make some mistakes while still developing your saltwater ecosystem.

As you set up your aquarium begin to keep a log of all the different equipment that you purchase and place into the system so that you can see the effect that each piece will have. For example, a filtration system may effect the Alkalinity of the water. Knowing the effect of the different pieces of equipment in your aquarium will be incredibly beneficial if you ever encounter a problem with the system. A log will most certainly be a beneficial tool as you begin developing your aquarium.

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This article was written by Chris Ball

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Setting up a beginner saltwater aquarium requires a large tank, a filtration system and lights. Setup a saltwater aquarium with tips from the owner of a fish pet store in this free video on pet care. Expert: Ryan Wells Contact: www.reefrunners.net Bio: Ryan Wells is the owner of Reef Runners in Lindon, Utah. He has many years of experience working with sea animal life. Filmmaker: Michael Burton

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Starting a Saltwater Marine Aquarium

Article by Albert Bohay

Dreaming of a slice of underwater nature in your home marine aquarium? Inspired by the beautiful and playful fishes in “Finding Nemo”, such as the Blue Tang and clownfish? More and more hobbyists are discovering the charm and pleasure of keeping a saltwater aquarium. This allows them to appreciate and learn about nature in a closer way, a very tangible reward indeed.

Visualize replicating one of Earth’s spectacular natural environments — the coral reef — right in your own home. You can actually set up and keep a tank complete with saltwater fishes, corals and landscaping. Aquarium fish care employing new methods helps to make long-term maintenance less tedious and ensure the marine inhabitants live healthy and longer.

Keeping saltwater fishes in a home aquarium has been thought to be challenging. Specialized equipment are required, which makes such marine tanks more expensive to keep; however, having this does not guarantee these pricey marine fishes will survive.

Upkeep of the tanks can be tedious as algae needs to be cleaned off frequently, not to mention the periodic cleaning of the undergravel filter and sand. Not surprisingly, many hobbyists tend to give up after a while.

The secret for a beginner to marine aquariums is to begin with a system that is designed for the long haul and is “self-adjusting”. Stay with beginner fish species and simpler methods with the help of suitable equipment.

A long term commitment is necessary as constant care of the aquarium is demanded, with the same level of responsibility of keeping a live pet such as a cat or dog. If the hobbyist is not prepared, he or she should consider keeping a freshwater aquarium instead.

A lot has been learned about the biological processes of nature’s reefs and newer aquarium equipment are now available to re-create such an environment. For example, using live rock as the main biological filter is one step in this direction, replacing more entrenched methods that use undergravel filters.

Another is the deployment of vigorous water circulation, which helps to distribute both good and bad elements across the tank. Thus, over concentration at any one area is prevented, creating an environment much like the ocean, where there is chemical uniformity and great stability.

Patience is definitely required to establish the beautiful marine tank that one so desires with these colourful aquatic creatures. It will most likely take half a year to stabilize a new tank and another half for it to be completely ready for the long haul.

Rushing will not help here as overnight results are hardly attainable by a beginner, even with the expense. Nonetheless, the sight of these beautiful saltwater fishes can be the main motivation to keep the hobbyist on track as the home aquarium evolves and takes shape with time and experience.

The success of starting a healthy and vibrant home marine aquarium can be extremely rewarding and exciting. For anyone willing to commit time, energy, money and some creativity, this hobby can provide relief from stress and satisfaction from a tank well kept.

For a lot of hobbyists, keeping a marine aquarium often becomes a life-long passion. Without a doubt, a beautiful saltwater tank is a sight to behold, with all those brightly coloured fishes darting around in their beautiful reef environment.

And who knows, keeping marine aquariums might even motivate hobbyists to go even closer to nature by learning snorkelling or diving. Perhaps, nothing is more real than seeing marine fishes in their natural environment and touching the reef corals.

Albert Bohay is a freelance article writer and product reviewer specializing in the hobby niche. Visit The Aquarium Fish Care Blog for relevant info on aquarium fish care. If you are just starting out, get good advice for saltwater aquariums and become successful faster.

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Starting up a Saltwater Fish Tank – Fundamental Components You Absolutely need to Look into About Saltwater Aquariums

Article by Johan Robat

Beginning a saltwater fish tank is a pleasurable and interesting pastime that can add splendor to any space in the house. But not all marine aquariums are triumphant and fail shortly after they are set up. This can be avoided by asking your self a number of concerns and undertaking some uncomplicated investigation.

Stuff To Look into In advance of You Devote Hard earned cash On a New Saltwater Fish Tank

Aquariums – Academic Tools and Trendy Tourist Attractions

Aquariums can be discovered throughout North America, along the coast of the Americas, Asia and in Europe as properly as a great number of other countries. It can be a really educational knowledge for these seeking to expertise the sea but not consider the risks oftentimes related with those journeys underwater these kinds of as by using diving or snorkelling as perfectly as making sure most a variety of ocean inhabitants are on exhibit.

Quickly, aquariums may well be serving a new goal with the enhance in pollution along the coasts, the warming of the oceans and destruction of aquatic habitats. Like Zoos, aquariums are starting to household endangered and threatened ocean daily life which are staying destroyed by human encroachment and international warming – a large number of of the fish and specialized creatures in these aquatic zoos could be the last of their variety. aquariums in this way are growing to be efficient instruments in instructing visitors about the dangers the waters of the Entire world are going through – anything that humans not often see – and sharing the stories of creatures that can not communicate for on their own.

Set up An Aquatic Ambiance To Your Workplace Or Room With Wall Aquariums

Acquiring a fish tank will undoubtedly assistance you to feel relax, relaxation and harmony, it will clearly lessen your tension and improve your wellbeing. If you are in research of wall aquarium then you are in the right area. Wall fish tanks are the cost-effective and most effective way to embellish your household as nicely as any region. Some deluxe aquariums and customary fish tanks have altered the hobby of fish. Possessing a wall fish aquarium is rather enjoyable, calming and enjoyable. Nonetheless, an appealing of a fish wall aquarium does not arrive from the framework of the aquariums only.

In the previous number of decades, the highlight of owning a wall aquarium has come from examining and maintaining an aquarium. An individual can do research to develop the physical appearance of the fish tank with the assistance of a variety of plants, little breathtaking fishes and tank decoration. All aquarists can have the fun of both exterior design and style as nicely as aquarium

Managing Algae Growth in Saltwater Aquariums With RowaPhos

Managing nuisance algae in saltwater aquariums is a regular problem for aquarists, newbie and seasoned alike. To correctly handle algae, aquarium owners will have to check out the precise issues that are special to their aquarium. That being mentioned, one of the most standard techniques to handle algae is to cut down phosphates in your process.

If you are considerable about battling algae growth, you must give consideration to finding some other general factors under handle as effectively, this kind of as:

Visit the best resource for Red Slime Algae for your Saltwater Aquarium. You might also like this content on Chaetomorpha.

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Starting a Salt Water Aquarium

Article by Keegan Key

Starting a saltwater aquarium opens doors, saltwater aquarium setup a great variety of spectacular fish, the possibility to discover a wonderful environment close up along newer enjoyment of the sophisticated creatures within our oceans. Whenever first starting out, it is better to start a fish-only aquarium. It is the better way to begin in your marine hobby. Get started with an aquarium size that you will be comfortable maintaining. Although it is possible to house marine fish inside a tank smaller then 20 gallons, not necessarily recommended. Consider just how many fish you need to own in the aquarium when considering how big is the tank. Generally you might want to allow 3 to 5 gallons each inch of fish capacity. The general rue is; ten gallon tank equals two one inch fish. The best filtration is extremely important. Plus, you should have a heater and thermometer, to keep the suggested temperature of 78-80 degrees for tropical fish including a hydrometer which is a device that measures the salt content from the water inside fish tank. When purchasing a fish remember to bring inside of a water sample for the store to check. A bacteria culture is vital pertaining to cycling the aquarium. Bacteria might be added once the aquarium has been prepared meaning many experts have de-chlorinated, heated to the correct temperature, and salted towards the proper level. This action may take between a 7 days and also a 7 days or maybe more. When the water quality allows, the starter fish can then be introduced. Because of the hardiness and their ability to outlive the conditioning amount of the tank, a great starter fish may be the damselfish. They are classified into many genera and species such as the domino damselfish, the blue chromis, as well as the anemonefishes also called clownfishes. They live quite a long time, they aren’t extremely particular about their food, they are active, colorful and inexpensive. But, like anything else, they have their disadvantages too. Many people are very territorial and aggressive towards unrelated types of fish and their particular kind regardless if the fish is a lot larger then by themself. The most essential factor bout finding fish is going to be conscious of from where the fish you are purchasing comes from. This might not be a problem if you are completing you aquarium tank with all the frequent types of fish however, the majority of reef fish as well as coral are usually outdoors captured. It is predicted that wild coral structures include about 25 percent the planet’s marine existence. Coral reefs will be harmed as a result of harmful weather and pressure. Marine enthusiasts must be conscious of, even though outdoors marine life could be everywhere at the time being, collection might shortly begin to be the cause in the deterioration of this type of magnificent natural splendor if it has not actually. Until you get to be more skilled with your passion, stay away from mini-reefs. But, if and when you decide you wish to maintain any corals, do your homework. They have distinct light requirements for different species plus they are less hardy while they seem. But, for anyone who is happy to accept the duty; all the best and revel in. Additional Resources : Starting a Salt Water AquariumStarting a Salt Water Aquarium

Keegan Key is one of the most dedicated persons to the area of saltwater aquarium, an fish care. I am passionated about fishs and like to do my things manually

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