Tag Archives: Setup

Freshwater Aquarium Setup

Article by Kevin Smith

Where to place your aquarium

Placing the aquarium in the right spot is also essential. Putting an aquarium in the direct sunlight can make it too warm, and also disrupt the lighting cycle you want to create with your tank’s own lighting. Place your tank in a place where it will get just normal, filtered light from windows. Wash the tank thoroughly before placing anything inside. You can use water and salt but no soap as soap residue can kill fish.

Substrates are not all the same

Next, get your substrate (gravel), plants, and other structures, such as logs or driftwood and wash all of them thoroughly. One way to wash the substrate is to put it in a pasta/vegetable strainer and run water through it. You can choose from three sizes of substrate: small stones and pebbles, medium-sized stones and pebbles, or large rocks which can cover much of the bottom of the tank. The best choice is in the middle–medium-sized rocks and pebbles. No matter what the substrate is, everyone will refer to it as gravel. Some kinds of substrate can affect the pH of the water. Stay away from slate, shells, onyx, lava rock, geodes, quartz, dolomite, limestone, and other similar substances.

Aquarium fill-up

Put your clean substrate in the aquarium and then the heater, plants and other structures. Wash all of them off so no diseases can be transferred once the fish have been placed in the tank. Next, freshwater aquarium setup is going to mean filling the tank with water. Try to use distilled water that has been sitting at room temperature. If you have to use tap water and you have a city or town water supply, you will have to add an aquarium chlorine remover every time before you can add new water to the tank. Put the heater in the tank, let it adjust to the water temperature before turning it on (15 minutes), and then install the tank light and hood.

Patience is a virtue.

Plug everything in and turn it on. And then be very patient. The aquarium has to go through a nitrogen cycle, which can take as long as six weeks. Then you need to test the pH level, ammonia level, nitrate and nitrite levels. If all are within range (check the test kit instructions for levels), you can start adding fish to the tank two at a time.

Remember, your aquarium may well be a lifetime hobby, so waiting a little more time during the initial freshwater aquarium setup is really a good thing, because it will lead to healthy fish. You will need to continue to test your water for these various chemicals forever so that both your fish and plants thrive. Patience will bring many rewards, particularly when you consider how much enjoyment you will have watching your fish.

Kevin Smith has been in the freshwater aquarium hobby for over 30 years, and enjoys helping others get started in this amazing hobby. His newest book, “The Ultimate Guide to Freshwater Aquariums” teaches aquarists everything they need know about starting and maintaining a stunning and thriving freshwater aquarium.

For more great information on freshwater aquarium setup, visit http://www.afreshwateraquarium.com.

Peacock Cichlid Fish Tank Setup in Just Ten Steps

Article by Dexter McClean

Okay first is the inventory you will need to complete before getting started. Below you will find all the equipment you’ll need get simple basic Cichlid fish tank up and functional.

Fish Tank Shopping List:

20 Gallon Aquarium

Aquarium gravel or sand

Aquarium filter

Replacement filters


Decorations (such as hardy plants, flower pots, mini caves and other structures)

Flat stones and limestone

Aquarium test kits to test water parameters and monitor the infamous aquarium nitrogen cycle

Cichlid fish food (consult with your pet store owner)

Aquarium vacuum


Aquarium Glass Scrubber

5-gallon buckets

Plastic Strainer

STEP 1: Plan your set and maintenance

Setting up and maintain a successful Cichlid fish tank is not at all, with this easy to follow road map. All your effort will be very rewording. Don’t get me wrong work is required to create this wonderful environment for you and your fish. It’s very important task to keep your fish tank clean.

Get a calendar and mark out a plan of action for dates to clean your fish tank. This will make it easy to keep up with your tank cleaning schedule. Here is your maintenance plan; clean the glass, pump and filter once a week, or at most once every two weeks. Every month change at least 25 present of the tank water. Everyday add feed for your fish. You will also have to feed your fish at least once a day.

STEP 2: 20 gallon aquarium is best for the newbie Cichlid owner

Cichlid are aggressive, this size tank gives everyone a little room to room. It’s to introduce a small group rather that a pair of fish. Here is where the decorations like plans, mini caves, stones and overturned pots can help with places for your Cichlids to hide and retrieve as they did in the wild.

STEP 3: What does location have to do with your fish tank?

Your number one goal is to keep your fish healthy and vibrant. Temperature plays a huge role in the overall health of your aquarium. It’s extremely important you choose a location not exposed to any kind of heat sources especially direct sunlight. Avoid lights of any type that gives off heat of any kind sort.

Green algae will kill your fish, warm water produces algae, keeping your fish tank at the right temperature and again cleaning will minimize algae growth. Soap can also promote algae toxics, so do not use soap when cleaning.

Your 20 gallon tank will weigh about 200 pounds, so make sure the location will support the weight of the fish tank.

STEP 4: Aquarium and equipment purchase.

A couple of points to make sure you pay attention to when buying your equipment. Get details form someone at the store you buy all these items. The filter hast to handle the size tank and amount of water it will have to keep clean.

Make sure the heater will get the job done and is reliable. You should get a UPS unit with multiple outlets for all your electrical components. I recommend a UPS unit that will serve as a power source if the power goes out. Based on the type of UPS unit you get it will support your tank and equipment for up to 8 hours without power.

STEP 5: Aquarium stand and setup.

Remember no soap or any outer type of detergents. A good double wash and glass scrub before you put anything in the tank. If, you are using a stand as the platform of you aquarium, make sure to use the appropriate tools to tighten to manufacture’s specs.

STEP 6: Everything gets washed!

Anything going into the tank permanently or temporally gets wash not just a mild rinsing I really mean washed. All, yes all plants live or fake, stones, gravel, pots, and parts of the filter that is exposed to the water. Again, I said everything that includes your hands. This step in short, be sure to wash everything thoroughly without soap or detergents that’s it.

STEP 7: Fill the tank

After you placed your sand, stones, plants and decoration in the tank. Use tap water fill to recommend level. Some people like to use a bowl to break the flow of the water helping to keep things in place.

Let the aquarium stand for at least 24 hours. The tap water has chlorine and will dissipate overnight. Check the PH level to ensure the level are within scope.

STEP 8: Implementing equipment

Now take some time to read all instructions of the lamps, thermostat and water filter. It you never followed any instructions in your life. Follow the equipment instructions to install each device, because your Cichlid’s life depends on your attention to details in the content of the equipment directions.

My two tips let the lamp and heater acclimate to the water temperature before you ever plug them in, let alone turning them on. Normal this can take about 20 to 30 minutes.

Now follow the instructions to install the tank filter. Now once everything setup.

STEP 9. Stabilization

Let stand one more 24 hour cycle. This will do two things. One ensures everything is working as advertised and guarantees the aquarium has stabilized. I know, but you have to wait just one a little longer before you add the fish.

STEP 10. Finally it time!

If, everything is in order, it’s time to start introducing your fish to their new home. Add one or two fish at a time. Float the bags containing the fishes in the aquarium. This should be 5 to 10 minutes for each group. This gives the fish time to acclimate to the aquarium and gives your filtration system the time needed to take on the increased biological load that the new fish introduce.

10 tips for Cichlid tank setup? We can give you a quick and easy guidelines at visit my site PeacockCichlidsCare.com a detailed insight on Cichlid tank setup.

Quick & Easy Freshwater Aquarium Setup & Care

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Aquarium Set-Up For Amateurs

Article by Laurence Pitts

You’ve gotten your new aquarium home and spread the works out on the floor. It’s awesome but still nowhere near what you have seen in friends homes. So, let’s get started creating the aquarium of your dreams.

Hopefully you have found a stable stand or base for your aquarium to sit on. Remembering that water weighs approximately 8#/gallon. So a 20 gallon aquarium contains 160# of water. Place the base in a location where you can easily see it and enjoy it. Consider windows and heating elements and try to keep your aquarium away from direct contact or close proximity to them. Also, make sure the empty tank fits snuggly on the base. Any rocking and warping will eventually cause the tank to warp and leak.

So before adding the gravel or sand to the bottom of the tank wash and wipe the new aquarium. And before you add the bottom material rinse it throughly to get rid ot resiual dirt and dust. Kind of grade the material so that there is a slight slope from rear to front of the tank. This allows anything that needs to be removed can be seen easily and taken care of.

Next insert the water filter. And that the filter can reach to the bottom of the tank. Also, be sure that the filter you have purchased is approved for use in water.

Once the gravel and filter are in place go ahead and add the water. Only you know your particular water condition. Try to make sure the water added to the aquarium is somewhat balanced. Not to acidic or to caustic. Allow the water in the tank to come to room temperature in the tank with the filter running. This might take a couple of days depending on the time of year and where the aquarium is set up.

You have your filter and aerator pump running so go ahead and add your fish. Be sure you acclimate your fish prior to placing them in the aquarium. Basically I use the plastic bag method. That is I take the bag from the pet store that the fish came home in. Place the bag with the fish in them into the aquarium. Allow the fish to remain in that bag for a day and then cut a few slits in the bag to allow the water to mix and the fish to swim away.

This is the basic information on setting up a aquarium for amateurs. There are tons of information and resources availabe including my site at http://aquariumsurvivalguide.com. Here you will find information on all aspects of aquarium survival. Including accessories and informational books. Larry Pitts has been a lifetime aquariest and also has a wholesale aquarium supply business.

Saltwater Aquarium Setup Tips

Article by Edison Chase

Setting up a saltwater aquarium is a complex task. You don’t simply put water and salt into a tank and drop a fish in. There are various aquarium accessories you’ll also need to buy. This article will give you a few tips on setting up saltwater tanks.


Obviously, one of the first things you’ll need to buy is a tank. Some are made from acrylic and others are made from glass. Acrylic tanks are susceptible to scratches while glass tanks can break. The size of your saltwater fish also comes into play when deciding on a tank. Your particular fish may need room to grow in the future, so the tank should be big enough to accommodate this.


You will also need to buy salt when keeping a saltwater fish. The salt needs to be mixed with water before it’s added to the tank. It’s also vital to buy a hydrometer. This allows you to measure the amount of salt inside the tank. Too much or too little salt may harm your pet.


When setting up saltwater tanks, you’ll also need some type of lighting. This usually comes in the form of a fluorescent bulb. However, if you have other organisms inside the tank beside your saltwater fish, you may need a high-output or metal-halide lighting solution. It’s best that you put the lighting system on a timer to provide your fish with the necessary amount of light each day.


One of the most important aquarium accessories is the filtration system since it will keep your saltwater fish healthy. There are many different types of filters on the market. Some hang on the side of the tank. You can also use natural methods like live rock or live sand.


Saltwater tanks can also have different substrates. This is the type of material located on the bottom of the tank. You should also provide your fish with one or more hiding places. This will give them a comfortable place to go when they feel stressed.


The heater is also one of the most important aquarium accessories. Smaller aquarium tanks can usually get by on one heater. However, larger designs will likely need more than one. In addition to this, you’ll also need a thermometer to ensure the temperature stays between 75 and 80 degrees.

These are a few tips on setting up saltwater tanks. Choose a design that gives you fish room to grow in the future. You’ll also need to buy a heating system, lighting system, and filtration to ensure the fish stays healthy.

Edison Chase lives in Boston and writes about several things including fashion, dog grooming supplies and tattoo kits.

Quick & Easy Saltwater Aquarium Setup & Care

Quick & Easy Saltwater Aquarium Setup & Care

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The best way to Setup Your Discus Fish Aquarium

Article by Anton Jones

Owning your own Discus aquarium really is an enjoyable and extremely rewarding experience. However before installing an aquarium you have to keep in mind that discus are quite sensitive to their environment, hence good aquarium installation is very important.

Discus fish are a much loved pet for a lot of enthusiasts due to their peaceful natures. Because of this, these are one of the most cherished fish by both grownups and kids. Not like other dull, timid tropical fish, Discus will often interact with their owner. They have got the ability to recognize their owners and additionally interact with them, once their owner approaches the tank the Discus fish will dash to meet them. This breed of fish enjoys observing what’s taking place in their surroundings and occasionally sitting back and watching Television.

Building your Discus fish aquarium

A Discus aquarium should not be difficult to put together. There are a number of step-by-step tutorials available on the web that you can use as a reference.

Picking out a Discus aquarium is a very important factor of Discus care, be sure you select a large, roomy aquarium. Never place your Discus inside a fish bowl. Due to the fact that these fish tend to be very energetic, you may want them to be able to move around a bit better. They have to have additional room thus be sure you purchase a big enough tank for the fish. The smallest size Discus tank is roughly Fity five gallons, this is sufficient for up to 6 Discus fish.

The most suitable surroundings for Discus or any type of tropical fish is warm, a little acidic water, plants of different types, varied rocks and caves. When possible, duplicate their natural habitat as best you can, to ensure your Discus should live contentedly within its tank. Regulate the PH of their water so it’s of a similar softness as their natural water (PH 6-7).

In addition, be sure that the water is free of toxins and chemicals. A large number of locations in the states add varied levels of chloramines into their tap water. Discus fish tank water really need low levels of chloramines (ammonia and chlorine). So Test and treat the water first when pouring it in the tank.

Regulate the temperature in the tank as well, the recommended water temperature for your Discus aquarium is 84 to 86 F (or 26 to 31 C).You might elect to decorate your Discus aquarium by using plants or even leave it bare bottom. Certain owners favor bare bottom. A bare bottom fish tank is much easier to scrub, since there is no gravel, you never need to bother about getting at crumbs of meals stuck inside the rocks. This also prevents your Discus hiding behind stones and plants. Should you’re breeding Discus fish, you might choose a bare bottom fish tank; which is the most popular choice for Discus fish breeders as it is easier to maintain optimum circumstances for your fish, without being concerned about the plant life.

A bare bottom tank only has an air stone or power head, that allows water circulation. A sponge filter can be set up for biological purification. This will be an inexpensive installation as opposed to a planted aquarium. All the same, your Discus fish tank won’t be as eye-catching.

At the end of the day, Discus care has not got to be too expensive. you will be able to get going by having a bare bottom aquarium. After that, start adding in a couple of accessories, plant, rocks and toy, just remember to obtain some decorations or plants this will mean that the Discus fish have a way to hide, this will be very important to keep your prized Discus fish healthy.

A lot of folks end up making blunders whenever setting-up a discus aquarium , so why not educate yourself on the best way by reading through an excellent article on discus aquarium set-up.

Among aquarium cleaning tools, a gravel vac is one of the more important tools because it helps to get debris out of the gravel. Learn about algae cleaning pads and filter brushes with help from the owner of a pet store in this free video on fish aquarium cleaning tools. Expert: Mike Mavro Contact: www.Orvees.com Bio: Mike Mavro is the owner and operator of Orvee’s Pet Center in St. Petersburg, Fla. He has dedicated more than three decades to the care, maintenance, health and well-being of fish and furry animals. Filmmaker: Christopher Rokosz
Video Rating: 4 / 5

How To Setup and Maintain a 10 Gallon Fish Tank

Article by Zach Winsett

A 10 gallon fish tank is one of the most common sizes for an aquarium. They are large enough to hold a wide variety of fish while being small enough to fit in almost any room or setting. With the proper filter a 10 gallon fish tank is fairly low maintenance. That’s not to say it’s maintenance free just easier to take care of than, say, a 50 gallon tank. 10 gallon fish tanks can be used for saltwater or freshwater fish.

And as a rule of thumb the larger the fish the more room it will require, meaning a tank this size will be best suited for smaller fish such as Bettas, Tetras, and other freshwater fish. Some fish, such as Dwarf Puffers and Butterfly fish don’t do well with other fish so be sure to do your research before buying your fish.

One thing to keep in mind when purchasing a tank or even fish: many breeds of fish, such as Goldfish, aren’t actually suitable for a 10 gallon fish tank. Goldfish can grow too large since they are after all a breed of carp. Others, such as Neon Tetras, are too active and generally require more room so use caution when buying these fish for a tank.

Maintenance on a 10 gallon tank is fairly simple. Be sure to get a filtration system designed for the tank size. Too small and you’re not filtering the water enough, too big and it’s just unnecessary. Doing some daily preventative maintenance can go a long way. Take out any food your fish don’t eat immediately, make sure your filter is clean, make sure your water is clear (not cloudy), etc. By watching these things you can catch a problem before it happens. You could also “vacuum” your tank once a week (changing 1/3 of the water at the same time) and be sure to clean the glass once a week and you’ll be able to keep your tank in good condition.

This may seem like a lot of work but it really isn’t. You could have your 10 gallon tank clean in about 45 minutes a week. To lower the maintenance even further you could add snails, crabs, and shrimp to the tank. Many of these have algae based diets and can help keep your tank cleaner, longer.

An aquarium can also be relaxing at the end of the day. The trickling of water and gentle swimming of fish can help relax just about anyone at the end of a stressful day.

Read more about setting up and maintaining a 10 gallon fish tank

Salt Water Aquariums For Beginners: Aquarium Setup 101

Article by Karen Winton

If you wish to buy saltwater fish, the very first thing you have to gain knowledge of is starting an aquarium, specifically the right aquarium setup. This article gives an overview on salt water aquariums for beginners.

Salt water fishes or sea water fishes are ones that thrive in oceans and seas. They are much more difficult to care for than freshwater fishes. If you are planning to buy saltwater fish, you first have to become well versed on starting an aquarium, to be specific, the right aquarium setup that will not cause your pets to die immediately. Below are some facts and basics on salt water aquariums for beginners:

There are several materials or equipment that you need to include in the tank. These will make your fishes healthy and be able to live inside the aquarium, in other words, even if they’re not in their natural habitat. Aside from the actual tank, you’ll need a protein skimmer, a lighting system, a pumping system, a filtering system, not to mention, a hydrometer, a test kit, a live rock, and aragonite soil or sand, plus, the salt mix. If you do not have the budget for all these things, then, you should not buy saltwater fish.

When starting an aquarium, it is also best for you to have a large tank. You see, if you overcrowd the fishes, they’ll be more prone to developing or having disease, making them die eventually. It is best that you research or speak to the pet supply staff who specializes in aquariums, specifically saltwater ones, as to how big the ideal size for the aquarium is, as size is also important in proper aquarium setup.

Part of salt water aquariums for beginners pointers is also for you to know more about the different kinds of seawater fishes and which of them can live in harmony with each other. As much as possible, combine same sized fishes in the tank as having large ones and small ones (wherein the small fish can fit inside the mouths of the large variety) may result in the large types eating all the small types. Starting an aquarium without that much knowledge on the kinds of sea water animals, whether they can coexist with each other or not, etc, will lead to disaster.

Your aquarium setup should also follow the rule pertaining to salinity levels wherein your hydrometer should measure the level to be 1.022 or at least 1.020 up to 1.030 to ensure the good health of your pets. A temperature of about 75 up to 79 degrees Fahrenheit is also important unless you want weaker pets, stressed out fishes, and the like.

Follow the advices shared here on salt water aquariums for beginners if you don’t want to waste money, time, and effort when you buy saltwater fish – in other words, unless it’s okay with you for the fish to die, you should never ever go against the tips and tricks explained in the write-up.

Karen Winton finds salt-water animals amazing. For complete information on starting saltwater tanks, see: Salt Water Aquariums For Beginners. Want your angelfishes to live longer? Follow: Angelfish Revealed.

The Difference Between a Freshwater Aquarium Setup and a Saltwater Aquarium Setup

Article by Robert Hedley

If you have been focusing on a freshwater aquarium setup this far, you might wonder how they differ from salt water tanks. It’s important to know because should you choose to, you can transition your freshwater tank into a salt water one with ease. Let’s have a look at the differences:

1. Costs

Freshwater tanks come as African Cichlids, New World Cichlids, brackish tanks, planted tanks and predator tanks. Salt water tanks are different, and you’ll get Fish Only tanks, Fish Only with Live Rock (FOWLR) tanks, and Reef Tanks. Fish Only are the lowest in terms of start up and maintenance costs but as you progress to Reef Tanks, you will be paying more. Where you would spend about 0 for a freshwater aquarium setup, you will spend about 00 to set up a reef tank – that’s just to give you an idea of how much you’ll be paying. You can escalate the maintenance in the same ratio as well. The increased cost comes because you have to buy additional testing kits, live rock as well as protein skimmer to culture live coral. As an aside, you may be tempted to get started on your salt water tank without live rock, but it’s never a good idea. It acts as a filter as well as provides food for the little organisms within your tank that help to provide a healthy tank environment. Go ahead and invest in some so that you can get started off well.

2. Water changes

Water changes are much easier in a freshwater aquarium setup. As you know by now, changing your aquarium water is the most important thing that you can do for your fish. This is the same for a salt water tank, only it’s done a bit differently. With a freshwater aquarium, you don’t take out all the water – maybe 1/3 so that you don’t take out the friendly bacteria that process wastes in your tank. You then refill with de-chlorinated or filtered water. A salt water tank needs the salt water to be premixed in advance (a few days) in a bucket.

3. The fish

Salt water marine life species are more varied and delicate and you’ll be paying more. There are some common ones that are cheap, but many will come with prices that may surprise you once you have owned a freshwater aquarium setup. You will generally pay more than for each, and then they will cost you quite a bit to maintain. Remember you’ll also want to put some invertebrates in there and these cost money. The farther you are from a coastline, the more you are likely to pay because of the special transportation conditions involved.

4. The quarantine process

Most salt water fish will come straight off the sea or ocean and will have to be quarantined before being put into the ready salt water tank. You’ll need an extra tank set up for this, and it can tend to slow things down a bit for the enthusiastic aquarium keeper. Quarantining ensures that the fish do not bring in diseases from the wild. Freshwater fish are mostly farm bred and will not need this – just make sure you acclimatize them gradually. As a note, you can get farm-bred saltwater fish, but they’ll cost more than the straight-from-the-sea ones!

5. Invertebrates

A salt water tank is not complete without them. You need to put them into the tank and this is an added cost. You can get clams, corals, worms, sea stars and many more. The overall result of course is a much more vibrant fish tank with a very healthy environment.In summary, a freshwater aquarium setup is very much easier and for the beginner or for those who don’t have lots of time to do maintenance, or lots of money to spend, it’s a recommended choice. A salt water tank is great if you have money and time. The variety of fish species that you can put in alone is simply amazing!

Robert is an experienced aquarist, who owns and maintains his and other people’s aquariums. For more great tips on a freshwater aquarium setup, visit http://www.freshwater-aquariumsecrets.com

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