Tag Archives: saltwater

Setting Up A Saltwater or Freshwater Tank – Some Tips

Congratulations on your decision to purchase an aquarium! You will find that you are in for a very rewarding hobby, one that will surely provide you with hours upon endless hours of fun, relaxation and stress relief.

Everyone knows that fish care is one of the most enjoyable activities around and one that can literally cause all of your worldly cares to drift away. Countless people have already experienced the sheer joy of whiling away hours in front of the aquarium, mesmerized by the endless frolicking of the wonderful sea creatures contained therein. And these hours are by no means wasted, for how can something that can provide such a soul soothing experience be a waste? Indeed, such an activity should be required for every one of us as a means to get a breather from all the endless pressures of modern society!

One of the first major decisions that you will face when first starting up an aquarium is whether you will go with a saltwater tank or a freshwater tank. This decision is quite crucial and the consequences of which will have a great deal to do with the subsequent enjoyment of your aquarium.

A word of caution before you make your final decision though: setting up a saltwater tank can be a good deal more challenging and more involved than setting up a freshwater tank. This is not to say that setting up a saltwater tank is a task that is far too difficult for the average home aquarium purchaser. By no means is it an impossible job and if you approach it with the proper knowledge, equipment and sufficient interest and desire to succeed there is no reason why you will not be able to have a fully functional and successful saltwater tank at home. Nevertheless, be forewarned that you may encounter some difficulties with saltwater tanks that are simply not a part of the freshwater tank process, so if you want to have as easy a time of it as possible or if this is your very first time to engage in such an activity, you may opt for a freshwater tank instead of a saltwater one.

All that being said however, you can be sure that whichever type of aquarium that you go for you are sure to have many hours of enjoyment out of relatively little time and effort invested.

Obviously the type of fish or other marine life that you will be stocking in your aquarium will be dependent on the type of water you have in it. Many people are generally of the opinion that seawater fishes on the whole are a lot more colorful and visually pleasing than their freshwater counterparts. While this is true to some extent, you will certainly have no trouble finding some freshwater specimens that can more than hold their own in the looks department. So whichever type of tank you ultimately decide to go with you can be secure in the knowledge that you will soon be owner of one of the most visually pleasing water displays known to man.

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Tropical Fish Lovers – If You’re Gonna Have a Saltwater Aquarium, Do It Right!

Article by Jami Kartr

Not just any goober can be a effective and experienced aquarist. This is a techniques for actual men, and in some conditions females. Having said that, it is truly one of the most pleasurable needs around. All over the team kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of species of fish tanks are known for their treatment options impact on everyone that makes a selection them, and there are few elements more enjoyable than developing a “mini ocean” in the property.Although a effective all over the group bundle features many different elements – all over the group kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of types of fish, of course, or if you want a all over the group bundle you may only have a variety of unusual obstacle, keep be mountain which usually raises a legitimate understanding of balanced bacteria and little creatures that keep your seaside balanced, keep be mud which needs up spend from your clear water, and of course a important number of invertebrates. But the “piece de resistance” – the part of your all over the group bundle system that is the center of it’s inhabitants, and the key to your accomplishments, is the aquarium’s lighting style results design results design results. Although you can certainly get started with whatever bundle lighting style results comes with your all over the group bundle package, later you will want to know how lighting style results design results design results choices can improve your all over the group bundle experience. Luckily for you, extraordinary success have been made in package lighting style results lately. While LED aquarium lighting has complete been well-known for evening time a while time a while package lighting style results, they have lately become the best option for time lighting style results also. One primary reason is that it needs less potential to run an LED relaxing, and consequently the benefits can be as high as 70%! They have a longer business life and give your package a eye-catching factor when it comes to getting hot. All over the team package lighting style results is a large topic and any selection should be associated with review. You can find a whole lot content online – just the the google post submission sites. Another awesome way to get started is to talk about to the team at your regional of species of fish store. After all, they are going to be your assistance team in your new action, and they will know a lot more off the bat about what you need to do to get started with your new little beach. And regional types of types of types of types of types of types of types of types of types of species of fish shops are the best way to really get a feel for the effect that around the team tanks can have on your feelings and your life.

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Cheap Saltwater Fish Rock

Article by Groshan Fabiola

Some people who want to be hypnotized by watching fins and colors in the water are probably interested in getting a cheap salt water fish tank. This is a great addition to any home, and luckily, if you are on a budget, there are several cheap salt water fish you can get. Keep in mind that the search for cheap salt water fish started back in the fifties when ladies like to impress their friends. These fifties ladies would visit their local beach with their aquarium in hand hoping to pick themselves up a cheap pet for their family. This is fun to think about when looking for your cheap salt water fish. Not that cheap though! It is also good to know that reef keepers tend to quote anything higher than 0.5ppm as unacceptable, but this is an unrealistic goal for cheap salt water fish only or minimal invertebrate tanks as well.

Keep in mind when looking for your cheap salt water fish tank that a while ago, compressors were used to keep the water healthy but nowadays filters and substances such as salt mixes are available to add to the water which is used to regulate the water to ensure the correct environment. In addition, it is good to know that cheap salt water fish are more sensitive to changes in their environment.

Therefore, the water needs to be at the optimum ph, temperature and salt content before it is safe for living creatures. Keep in mind when getting your cheap salt water fish tank that you have to remember things like the pH, nitrate, salinity, and temperature. All marine creatures like a pH near 8.2, ranging from 8.0 to 8.4. Remember that the pH should never drop below 8.0.NitratesThe next important factor is nitrates. Saltwater cheap salt water fish are more tolerant of higher nitrates than invertebrates and still like nitrates lower than 20ppm, with less than 5ppm being required for most invertebrates. These are good hints to remember when it comes to caring for your saltwater fish.

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Tropical Fish Lovers – If You’re Gonna Have a Saltwater Aquarium, Do It Right!

Article by Tammy Gardner

Not just any goober can be a successful and savvy aquarist. This is a hobby for real men, and in some cases women. Having said that, it is truly one of the most rewarding hobbies around. Saltwater aquariums are known for their therapeutic effect on everyone that sees them, and there are few things more gratifying than creating a “mini ocean” in your home.Although a successful saltwater aquarium includes many different parts – saltwater fish, of course, or if you prefer a reef aquarium you may only have a variety of rare coral, live rock which literally grows a harvest of healthy bacteria and miniature creatures that keep your ocean balanced, live sand which absorbs toxins from your crystal clear water, and of course a cleaning crew of invertebrates. But the “piece de resistance” – the component of your saltwater aquarium system that is the lifeblood of it’s inhabitants, and the key to your success, is the aquarium’s lighting. Although you can certainly get started with whatever aquarium lighting comes with your saltwater aquarium tank, later you will want to know how lighting choices can enhance your saltwater aquarium experience. Luckily for you, huge strides have been made in aquarium lighting recently. While LED aquarium lighting has long been popular for nighttime aquarium lighting, they have recently become the best choice for daytime lighting also. One main reason is that it takes less capacity to run an LED light, and as a result the savings can be as high as 70%! They have a longer operational life and give your tank a huge advantage when it comes to overheating. Saltwater aquarium lighting is a broad subject and any decision should be accompanied by research. You can find lots of great articles online – just google article directories. Another great way to get started is to talk to the crew at your local fish store. After all, they’re going to be your support group in your new hobby, and they will know a lot more off the bat about what you need to do to get started with your new mini ocean. And local fish stores are the best way to really get a feel for the effect that saltwater aquariums can have on your mood and your life. Aquatic Dreams in Layton, Utah has a crew of helpful guys that regularly answer questions for people all the way from Los Angeles, California to Chicago, Illinois. Check them out and have fun with a new exciting hobby!

Tammy Collins is a freelance writer who enjoys researching and writing about a variety of topics.










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It Is Important To Know How to set up a saltwater aquarium

Article by Al Scotts

Exquisite Reef Aquariums Featuing Tunze osmolator Pumps

The main element to beautiful and long lasting saltwater aquariums is the purchase of quality tunze pumps. Coral reefs are living, breathing wildlife which are similar to fish because the water in which they dwell supplies the much needed oxygen they need to thrive. The pumps sustain good water flow, filtration and help to reduce the look of algae expansion.

The pumps have several unique models to pick from and each model indicates a particular size. Bigger pumps associated with charcoal filled filters are perfect for larger aquariums but a small pump is sufficient for tanks that are no bigger than twenty gallons.

Generally, tunze pumps are sold anywhere that specializes in underwater life and especially those who concentrate on salt water fish and corals. Coral reefs and salt water fish can exist together nicely with a good reverse osmosis filtration system and habitual tank cleaning. It is suggested to replace at least 25 percent of the water each month which will decrease nitrate growth .

Many coral reef owners use the pumps to simulate waves in the ocean which also assist the corals to thrive in harmony. What typically starts out as an interesting activity for some people, swiftly turns into a passion for them and so they are constantly in search of top quality solutions to advance up to bigger and better tanks.

Coral reef aquarium owners advise tunze pumps because of their high quality and craftsmanship. Whilst a huge pump isn’t needed for a smaller tank, a fairly good size pump is recommended in the beginning to defend against any nitrate progress which could kill fish and reefs.

Nitrates are the final point of bacteria that is a result of weakened ammonia inside the aquarium. The ammonia emanates from fish waste and uneaten food that’s left to sit in the fish tank thus making the life cycle of the nitrates. Although a good pump will not stop this from occurring completely, it will maintain good water and oxygen flow that will help lessen the speed of development in between fish tank cleanings.

Good quality tunze pumps can be bought from almost any pet store, particularly those who specialize in salt water marine life. The pumps are fairly priced and reliable, providing much needed positive water circulation and oxygen movement. Coupled with sand and gravel at the base of the tank and a good charcoal filled filter, the pumps can last considerably longer than other tank pumps.

Starting out small and working your way up to 250 gallon tanks is recommended from the throngs of people that find coral reef aquariums to be a wonderful pastime and passion. As long as there is positive oxygen flow along with a good amount of water motion, any coral reef can flourish together with other salt water or even fresh water fish and marine life. Always remember the smaller the fish tank, the smaller the pump and your reefs to sustain extended healthy lives.

Bulk Reef Supply provides high quality bulk saltwater aquarium supplies at affordable prices, in addition it is a great resource on how to set up a saltwater aquarium. For saltwater aquarium supplies such as an tunze nanostream, calcium reactor and more, visit BulkReefSupply.com.










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Tropical Fish Lovers – If You’re Gonna Have a Saltwater Aquarium, Do It Right!

Article by Tammy Gardner

Not just any goober can be a successful and savvy aquarist. This is a hobby for real men, and in some cases women. Having said that, it is truly one of the most rewarding hobbies around. Saltwater aquariums are known for their therapeutic effect on everyone that sees them, and there are few things more gratifying than creating a “mini ocean” in your home.Although a successful saltwater aquarium includes many different parts – saltwater fish, of course, or if you prefer a reef aquarium you may only have a variety of rare coral, live rock which literally grows a harvest of healthy bacteria and miniature creatures that keep your ocean balanced, live sand which absorbs toxins from your crystal clear water, and of course a cleaning crew of invertebrates. But the “piece de resistance” – the component of your saltwater aquarium system that is the lifeblood of it’s inhabitants, and the key to your success, is the aquarium’s lighting. Although you can certainly get started with whatever aquarium lighting comes with your saltwater aquarium tank, later you will want to know how lighting choices can enhance your saltwater aquarium experience. Luckily for you, huge strides have been made in aquarium lighting recently. While LED aquarium lighting has long been popular for nighttime aquarium lighting, they have recently become the best choice for daytime lighting also. One main reason is that it takes less capacity to run an LED light, and as a result the savings can be as high as 70%! They have a longer operational life and give your tank a huge advantage when it comes to overheating. Ai Sol Led Lighting is one of the hottest selling LEDs on the market. Each LED can be dimmed or brightened separately from the others, and does cloud cover and thunderstorms.Ecotech Radion Led Lighting is brand new to the market but they’ve added a green and red LED for a better light spectrum. They also work with their wireless pumps to make a full thunderstorm or calming reef tank. Check out Aquatic Dreams for these awesome lighting systems as well as Controllable Led lighting fixtures, Vertex Illumations Led lighting, and Aqua Illumations Led lighting.Of course, LED’s are not the only choice for your aquarium – there’s also metal halide and florescent T-5’s. Learning a little about each of them can help you decide which type is best for you. Saltwater aquarium lighting is a broad subject and any decision should be accompanied by research. A great way to get started is to talk to the crew at your local fish store. Aquatic Dreams in Layton, Utah has a crew of helpful guys that regularly answer questions for people all the way from Los Angeles, California to Chicago, Illinois.

Tammy Gardner is a freelance writer with a wide variety of industry experience who enjoys researching and sharing her findings with others.










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Saltwater Fishing for Your 150-Gallon Fish Tank

Article by Rose Rykowsky

So you’ve finally bought a 150-gallon fish tank but still haven’t decided on what kind of saltwater fish to put inside it. Considering you have quite a huge tank to fill and a lot of saltwater species out there to choose from, why not maximize that 150-gallon fish tank and find the right fish for it?

If you feel very excited about setting up a 150-gallon fish tank, here are a few tips on catching or finding the saltwater fish that’s best to keep in that gigantic aquarium.

Finding Saltwater Fish for Your TankYou always have a choice when it comes to picking the saltwater fish you want to show off in your tank. It can be an obvious decision to pick a big fish to house in that 150-gallon fish tank but widening your options can always help. So if you’re in the mood to fish for your own aquatic pets or simply want to purchase them off a pet store, here are a few places where you can spot some saltwater friends.

1. The end of a pier. If you’re living somewhere near a pier, then consider yourself fortunate. A lot of people don’t own a boat and being by the pier, fishing for a pet or food can be quite an experience. There may be limited species that can be found by the pier and most times, these saltwater fish are for cooking not for keeping. Who knows? You might just be lucky enough to find one kind you’d like to take care of.

Be wary of the government laws encompassing saltwater fishing in your area, though. You might be disobeying state regulations for the sake of fishing.

2. Online pet stores. What you find out there in the stores, you can most likely find in online pet stores. 150-gallon fish tanks are for sale over the internet and fish made for that kind of size is also available online. Most websites even offer different deals at great prices so be sure to browse tediously to get the best out of your investment.

3. Your nearby pet store. If there’s a pet store near your home or you know of a place where they myriads of saltwater fish for pets, then don’t hesitate to visit. When you get there, make sure you specifically say that you own a 150-gallon fish tank so they know what to suggest and what tips to give you.

4. Fish breeders. These people take their hobby and business seriously that’s why they can also be of good help in trying to select the right saltwater fish to keep in your 150-gallon fish tank. These breeders have multitudes of species to choose from and they will glad to share with you specific facts about these saltwater fish. More or less they will suggest a Purple Tang or a Clownfish but don’t be afraid to ask for more. They’ll be more than happy to help you out.

Owning a 150-gallon fish tank can be quite intimidating, yet very exciting. Imagine having such a big, beautiful tank to display for all your friends and family to see. It’s not enough to see an impeccably designed tank; you should also remember to take good care of it as often as you should. After all, you don’t want a wasted tank with sick or dead fish inside it, right?

Rose Rykowsky is the owner of www.RosesPetSupplies.com which is a network of online stores focused on serving the busy yet value conscience shopper. We carry a wide variety of high quality dog supplies from the world’s best manufacturers.

If you’re thinking of owning a 150-gallon fish tank for your saltwater pets, we have everything you need: from tanks, decors and maintenance supplies.










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Feeding Habits Of Saltwater Fish

Article by Naomi West

There are numerous unique types of pets that people can keep inside of their house. Certain people get so they are able to have something that they can snuggle with when they are living by themselves. But there are other people who favor a pet that is simple to care for and is chiefly for ornamental purposes – like fish.

Aquariums are big fish tanks that might be quite small to contain one or two fish or so big that you might be able to fit in virtually seven or eight various types of fish. There are two various kinds of aquariums – fresh water and saltwater. If you are wishing to have the strange species of fish and coral then you should purchase a saltwater aquarium.

Besides understanding how to filter the water and how to keep the tank clean you also need to learn how to properly feed your fish. Because they are saltwater type of fish they call for different food and must be fed a specific way. This will serve them to grow and remain alive or at least till one of the bigger fish chooses to have a snack.

When you buy the different fish you should ask what kinds of food they consume and how much they need to eat. The predator kind of fish ordinarily consume meat in large amounts while a few others might favor to consume algae. Purchase the correct type of food and the quantity that will last you for a long time.

Some fish are much more picky than others and can only eat a specified kind. You might have to experiment with them and consider their demeanor and which one they love the most. When you feed saltwater fish you should only offer them enough to grant them to consume it all in only five minutes. The food that is not consumed will break down and dirty up the water.

Make sure that you know the right type of Fish Food that you can use for your Saltwater Fish.










Affordable tips for starting a saltwater fish tank

Article by Larry Blenn

Tips for starting a saltwater fish tank

If you are new to saltwater aquariums then you may have already figured out that it is an expensive hobby. Starting with the tank you probably already have a lot of your money tied up in this hobby. There are a few ways that I have learned over the years that can save you some of your hard earned money.If you are crafty at all, I would look into building your own stand and canopy. This alone can save you big time as stands tend to get expensive when you look at some of the more exotic woods. Oak is usually the preferred wood used in stand designs and is usually stocked at your local supply store.Lighting is one of the most expensive things you will have to invest in if you plan on keeping corals. A good lighting setup can range from 0 and up. One simple trick I learned is building my own lighting setup. I purchased a quality ballist from my local fish store for around 9 and then I went to my local discount home supply store and purchased two cheap lighting fixtures for about each. I then removed the ballist and replaced it with the one I purchased at the fish store. Of course, the bulbs for this type of setup will still be expensive but the overall fixture cost me about 0 with bulbs.I now have a 400 watt setup that would normally run around 0 with bulbs.If you plan on keeping live rock in your tank there is a simple trick to creating more live rock. Most fish stores will also sell dead rock. They usually keep it on a back shelf somewhere but make sure you ask someone because you can usually buy it for around.25 cents a pound. Then you can build a layer of dead rock at the bottom of your tank and place the live rock right on top. This will hide the dead rock and at the same time raise your overall rock height so that it appears like you have more of a reef style setup. The dead rock will not be dead for long and you will notice over time how things have spread onto the dead rock.One of the biggest benefits of having live rock in the tank is that it will also serve as a biological filter in combination with a good2 – 3 inch deep sand bed. I have had great success by only using live rock, live sand and a protein skimmer along with a cheap filter that holds the blue foss pad to capture larger particles. Keep in mind that success does not happen overnight. This hooby requires a certain amount of patients. Take your time and before too long you will have a beautiful aquarium.

Larry Blenn is a saltwater fish tank enthusiest with many articles on the subject. get more free saltwater info at http://www.fishtankarticles.com










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Starting the Saltwater Fish Hob

Article by Groshan Fabiola

Saltwater fish collecting is a great hobby with many rewards, but it also requires a lot of hard work and dedication. You can’t just go to the saltwater fish store, pick out a few creatures and plop them into a tank filled with water. This is definitely a much more time-consuming and expensive pet hobby than owning a goldfish, but the beauty of the fish and the rewards of maintaining this difficult environment are also much greater. Before looking for a local marine fish sale and picking the first affordable fishes you find, you will need to learn as much about this hobby as possible.

The first thing any saltwater fish hobbyist should do before actually beginning the hobby is read up about all the species and what they require to keep them happy and healthy. Some fish are able to live with each other harmoniously and some are not, so it is important to learn about this prior to putting two deadly enemies together. This way you can also peruse a marine fish sale with an idea of what you want and what you should avoid. Most hobbyists will tell you to avoid Triggerfish, for example, as they are highly territorial and will consider the tank their space if you put them in their first. In addition to fish, there are also live corals and rocks made of limestone and decomposing coral skeleton that you can add, which also require their own specific types of maintenance.

After learning about the fish and corals you want, you can begin purchasing the aquarium and all the equipment such as saltwater mix, temperature gage, filtration system, lights, skimmer, cleaning solution and more. Then you can visit the saltwater fish store and get everything you need to create this beautiful aquatic wonderland. And once it’s set up, you will need to perform all the maintenance such as cleaning and water monitoring. Then you can truly enjoy the rewards of this challenging hobby.

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Make Sure Your Saltwater Fish Do Well In Your Tank

Article by John Miller

Acclimating your pet is an absolutely crucial step when getting a new fish for your fish tank. If you were to be trapped in a freezer with no sort of refuge from the cold when you got outdoors you would more than likely be very cranky and end up awfully unwell. Fish are the same way they are being taken from their environment and then moved to several different places previous to coming to hang out in your fishbowl. This can again present you a small quantity of time to spot if your new fish may have some hint of sickness that you do no want to piggyback into your brand-new tank. A few things you need take into account when acclimating are the salt content of your h2o. Now it can differ whether you are adding home fish or inverts, but you need to make sure your main aquarium is held to the accurate salinity no matter whatever one you are taking home. Reduced salinity will assist in helping a fish breathe better while a little bit higher of a level is healthier for your reef aquarium. PH is another thing that you need to make for sure you continually keep in balance. This had best be around 8.2 to 8.4. It is uncomplicated to provide a good PH level after you have cycled your tank. The most desirable way to do so is to use a ph buffer. Temperature need also be retained. Acclimating them to the temperature of your tank takes an enormous amount of trauma off of a fish. The correct way to acclimate an other saltwater fish is put your other with the bag of tank water into an enclosure that will allow the saltwater creatures to stay completely submersed in the aquarium water. Then run a drip line to the container and make sure the tank water is dripping at a very reduced rate. If it drips to quickly the h2o can adjust to swiftly and you do not want this to occur. Enable this drip till you have about twice to three times the measure of h2o from your tank as the beginning bag of h2o. Examine the range of the tank water and make sure it comes very close to your tank results. Once you achieve this point let the fish sit for about fifteen minutes and soon after you will be ready to add your added saltwater fish to your aquatic museum.

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Saltwater Aquarium Setup Tips

Article by Edison Chase

Setting up a saltwater aquarium is a complex task. You don’t simply put water and salt into a tank and drop a fish in. There are various aquarium accessories you’ll also need to buy. This article will give you a few tips on setting up saltwater tanks.

Tank

Obviously, one of the first things you’ll need to buy is a tank. Some are made from acrylic and others are made from glass. Acrylic tanks are susceptible to scratches while glass tanks can break. The size of your saltwater fish also comes into play when deciding on a tank. Your particular fish may need room to grow in the future, so the tank should be big enough to accommodate this.

Salt

You will also need to buy salt when keeping a saltwater fish. The salt needs to be mixed with water before it’s added to the tank. It’s also vital to buy a hydrometer. This allows you to measure the amount of salt inside the tank. Too much or too little salt may harm your pet.

Lighting

When setting up saltwater tanks, you’ll also need some type of lighting. This usually comes in the form of a fluorescent bulb. However, if you have other organisms inside the tank beside your saltwater fish, you may need a high-output or metal-halide lighting solution. It’s best that you put the lighting system on a timer to provide your fish with the necessary amount of light each day.

Filtration

One of the most important aquarium accessories is the filtration system since it will keep your saltwater fish healthy. There are many different types of filters on the market. Some hang on the side of the tank. You can also use natural methods like live rock or live sand.

Substrate

Saltwater tanks can also have different substrates. This is the type of material located on the bottom of the tank. You should also provide your fish with one or more hiding places. This will give them a comfortable place to go when they feel stressed.

Heat

The heater is also one of the most important aquarium accessories. Smaller aquarium tanks can usually get by on one heater. However, larger designs will likely need more than one. In addition to this, you’ll also need a thermometer to ensure the temperature stays between 75 and 80 degrees.

These are a few tips on setting up saltwater tanks. Choose a design that gives you fish room to grow in the future. You’ll also need to buy a heating system, lighting system, and filtration to ensure the fish stays healthy.

Edison Chase lives in Boston and writes about several things including fashion, dog grooming supplies and tattoo kits.










Starting a Saltwater Aquarium – Picking a Saltwater Aquarium

Article by Chris Ball

Have you ever been captivated by the beauty found in a saltwater aquarium? The bright colors and unique fishes found in an aquarium reveal so much of the oceans natural beauty, yet they can be found in the comfort of your very own home! Even though this magnificent beauty is enticing, many people choose not to invest in a saltwater aquarium because they’ve heard that maintaining a saltwater aquarium is more difficult than maintaining a freshwater aquarium. The truth is that the saltwater aquariums, while acquiring more of an investment, will provide you with a beautiful display of the ocean ecosystem and once in place will be no more difficult to maintain that a freshwater aquarium.

One of the most important decisions you will make when starting your aquarium will be the size. An important rule to remember is that the bigger your saltwater aquarium is the better, not because of shear size but because a larger tank will be more forgiving when it comes to mistakes. If you are a beginner the best size for you may be a 55 gallon tank. It is also important to remember that saltwater fish require more space than freshwater fish. So having a larger tank will enable you to have a more successful start.

After choosing your tank size you will be able to make educated decisions concerning the rest of the equipment for your saltwater aquarium. The aquarium size will determine the type of filtration you will need, the type of lighting you will need, and the type of environment you will create for your fish. You will want to be sure that if you are going to have “live rocks,” or rocks that have been transplanted from an ocean environment, you will want a good filtration system. All of these decisions are affected by the size of the tank you purchase. Again, a 55 gallon tank is the best size to start with because it will enable you to make some mistakes while still developing your saltwater ecosystem.

As you set up your aquarium begin to keep a log of all the different equipment that you purchase and place into the system so that you can see the effect that each piece will have. For example, a filtration system may effect the Alkalinity of the water. Knowing the effect of the different pieces of equipment in your aquarium will be incredibly beneficial if you ever encounter a problem with the system. A log will most certainly be a beneficial tool as you begin developing your aquarium.

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This article was written by Chris Ball

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Article Source: [http://EzineArticles.com/?Starting-a-Saltwater-Aquarium—Picking-a-Saltwater-Aquarium&id=3610648] Starting a Saltwater Aquarium – Picking a Saltwater Aquarium

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Setting up a beginner saltwater aquarium requires a large tank, a filtration system and lights. Setup a saltwater aquarium with tips from the owner of a fish pet store in this free video on pet care. Expert: Ryan Wells Contact: www.reefrunners.net Bio: Ryan Wells is the owner of Reef Runners in Lindon, Utah. He has many years of experience working with sea animal life. Filmmaker: Michael Burton

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Facts about Saltwater Fish

Article by Groshan Fabiola

Saltwater fish are great pets because they’re easy fun and pretty. There are things to remember about taking care of your saltwater fish. To start, it is good to know about your saltwater fish tank. When it comes to the saltwater fish tank, know that the specific gravity of a saltwater tank should be even. Also, it is worth noting that the salinity of natural sea water varies according to location like ocean, to lagoons, to estuaries. Another type of filtration for your tank is mechanical filtration as well. It is good to remember that some different tank conditions include a PH of a different degree. One great saltwater fish that some do not have in their tank is called the clown fish.

This saltwater fish is also sometimes called the Disney fish and is a popular saltwater fish for saltwater fish aquarium keeping. These fish are usually a light yellow color and have a few dark areas, one on the base of the tail, one in the middle of the body and the eye which looks like the third spot as well. Remember that you will have to choose the type of salt water filter system you will use in your new tank for your clown fish. Different fish might be native to different salinities, and may need some time to acclimate to a different salinity so when choosing a saltwater fish tank for your clown fish remember this. Also, if you buy a fish that is very small you might be able to start them off in a smaller aquarium but eventually you going to have to get a larger saltwater fish tank as the saltwater fish grows. This is important to remember when looking for the perfect saltwater fish tank to compliment your clown fish and your house itself.

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Saltwater Aquarium Filtration

Article by Shannon Goins

What kind of filter do I need for a saltwater aquarium?

There are two primary methods for filtering a saltwater system.

Method 1: Used for reef tanks, but also very effective with saltwater fish tanks

Live rock for microbial filtration (home for nitrifying bacteria) and a skimmer to remove excess protein. Often in this setup, aquarists will make use of a filter sock in the sump to perform macro-filtration and remove excess particulate matter from the water.

Some people utilize a refugium system to supplement their filtration. Refugiums take many forms, but essentially consist of a sump with a sand/mud base (such as Miracle Mud) with live rock, macro algae, and a light. Refugiums are very effective, but are not commonly used by the novice reef keeper. If you are interested in knowing more about how to set up a refugium, your local fish store’s expert staff can help you.

Method 2: Used primarily for fish only systems

Bio-chamber, or wet/dry trickle filter system, which utilizes bio-balls in the sump as the area for nitrifying bacteria to colonize. Wet/dry filters are often topped with a tray where filter floss can be used to perform macro-filtration. A skimmer is also needed in fish only systems to remove excess protein from the water.

How much live rock do I need?

A minimum of 1 pound of live rock per gallon of water is recommended to provide adequate filtration, but you may exceed this minimum recommendation. The more live rock, the better, providing that you still have adequate flow in your tank. Be sure that your powerheads move water in all areas of the tank if you choose to have a significant amount of live rock.

Depending on the density of the rock, 1 lb per gallon may or may not provide you with enough rock to make a nice aquascape. Either select at least some live rock that is very open in structure or consider adding some dry lace rock to round out your aquascape.

Lace rock comes from the ground and is usually purchased dry. There is also the option of purchasing dry versions of live rock. This rock has been completely dried and has no living matter on it. Some local fish stores will seed dry rock by placing it alongside live rock. “Seeding” is the process of exposing dry, lifeless rock to an environment rich in bacteria and other live rock critters that slowly make their way to the dry rock. After several weeks in an aquarium or live rock vat full of other live rock, dry rock becomes “live” and may be counted toward the minimum 1 lb per gallon rule in setting up one’s aquarium.

Using some dry rock also makes for a cheaper setup in a saltwater aquarium, because dry rock costs about 1/5th the price of live rock. This is one corner that can be cut in trying to make a saltwater tank more affordable in the setup phase. However, using dry rock requires more patience in their tank setup because lace rock cannot be counted as “live” for several weeks and does not contribute to reducing ammonia until it has been well colonized by nitrifying bacteria.

What is meant by “cured” and “uncured” live rock? How do I know the live rock I am buying is cured?

Live rock is kept moist, but not totally submerged during shipping and arrives to our store with many of the life forms still alive. Be aware however, that live rock must be cured before you can put it in an aquarium that already has fish and invertebrates in it.

Curing is the process of waiting for organisms on the live rock that did not survive shipping to die and fully decompose. This process involves very high levels of ammonia and is best done at your local fish store. It is possible to start an aquarium with uncured live rock; however, there is no real benefit by curing the rock yourself. Additionally, you must put up with the rotten egg smell it produces.

There are two things you should do to determine if your live rock is cured. First, ask the store when they got the live rock in. In a very well established system with excellent skimming ability, it takes about 1.5-3 weeks to cure a piece of rock. This also varies depending on the density of the rock, how much cured rock is in the vat with it, how much filtration is on the system, and how much flow is moving through the rock.

The second thing you should do to determine if the rock you want is cured is to smell it. Cured rock has a very musty, earth-like scent to it. If the rock smells like rotten eggs, put it back and come back in a few days.

Do not believe someone who tells you that they just got in cured rock. It takes a few days for it to smell bad and unethical vendors might try to push it out the door before they should. Likewise, “cured” rock purchased on the internet may be cured, but if it is not shipped TOTALLY submerged in water, you will have to cure it yourself. These vendors are very rare, mostly because it is cost-prohibitive to ship rock fully submerged due to the weight.

Can I use an undergravel filter with my saltwater aquarium?

Generally undergravel filters are no longer used in saltwater systems. While this was the practice 15+ years ago in saltwater, the hobby has since developed more effective filtration methods.

How important is a sump?

The sump is the center of all complete saltwater filter systems. Using a filter pad or a filter sock can trap waste from the water as it enters the sump from the overflow above. We recommend purchasing the largest sump that will fit in your aquarium stand. Having extra space in your sump makes it easier to maintain your aquarium. Filter systems using in-sump protein skimmers and/ or submersible pumps require larger sumps than systems with in-line (external) pumps and hang-on or in-line protein skimmers. If you have room, you may place pieces of live rock in the sump to act as additional biological filtration.

How does biological filtration work?

Biological filters work by growing bacteria, which break down fish wastes. Nitrosamonas and Nitrobacter break down ammonia, which is very toxic in alkaline water, to nitrites. Nitrites are then broken down to nitrates, which are much less toxic. Nitrates are removed by water changes.

What is a plenum? What does it do? Is it good or bad or indifferent for a saltwater aquarium?

A plenum is a form of biological substrate filtration that lies under the substrate that removes organic contaminants such as nitrate. The general consensus is that plenums are very sensitive and become unbalanced very easily. Their usefulness is often regarded as dubious.

Although plenums might help remove nitrates from an aquarium, the risk of having one greatly outweighs potential possible benefits. Nitrates may be removed from the water above, but the contents of the plenum are extremely noxious and dangerous to the aquarium’s inhabitants.

When plenums rupture, attempts to rescue fish and coral from tanks that have very suddenly taken a turn for the worse can often be in vain. Typically within 24 hours of the owners having suspected there was a problem, the aquarium is full of dead or dying corals and fish that have “nuked”. It is usually too late for most of the fish and coral.

The cause? A slightly disturbed plenum. Either a sand sifting critter or human has created a small hole in the plenum that has allowed sulfur dioxide to leach out in to the aquarium. In a single word, the result is devastating.

Can I use a canister filter on my saltwater aquarium?

Yes. You may choose to use a canister filter if you wish. There is no harm in doing this if you maintain it regularly. Canister filters help serve as a method of macro filtration, and can help to polish the water, making it clearer. In reef tanks, the fine pad may be omitted to allow very small desirable particulate matter to reach the live corals.

That being said, canister filters are not a required part of a saltwater tank. The most important form of filtration for a saltwater system should be provided either live rock or a wet-dry filter in the sump combined with a skimmer.

I am setting up a fish only saltwater system. I am confused about whether or not I should use live rock or a wet-dry system for biological filtration. Could you tell me the difference? Also, do I need a canister filter for a fish only system?

Wet-dry filters do an excellent job of breaking down organically produced ammonia and nitrite. They also drive off carbon dioxide and add oxygen to the aquarium.

Live rock may replace the function of the bio balls used in a wet-dry system. Live rock produces less nitrates, which is the only downside of a wet-dry or trickle system. Live rock, however, does not handle the same amount of organic waste that a wet-dry filter does. For this reason, live rock alone may not be suitable for a heavily stocked fish only aquarium, unless the aquarium has a very strong protein skimmer.

Canister filters do a better job of removing particulate matter than a wet-dry filter alone. For a fish only tank they remove fish waste and inorganic particulate matter. Changing the filter pads regularly disposes of these materials. In addition, canister filters provide supplemental biological filtration and a small degree of circulation. You may choose to add a canister filter if you wish.

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