Tag Archives: Reef

Starting A Marine or Coral Reef Aquarium

A marine aquarium is an aquarium that keeps marine plants and animals in a contained environment. Marine aquaria are further subdivided by hobbyists into fish only (FO), fish only with live rock (FOWLR), and reef aquaria.

Fish only tanks often showcase large or aggressive marine fish species and generally rely on mechanical and chemical filtration. FOWLR and reef tanks use live rock, a material composed of coral skeletons harboring beneficial nitrogen waste metabolizing bacteria, as a means of more natural biological filtration.

Marine fish keeping is different from its freshwater counterpart because of the fundamental differences in the constitution of saltwater and the resulting differences in the adaptation of its inhabitants. A stable marine aquarium requires more equipment than freshwater systems, and generally requires more stringent water quality monitoring.[1] The inhabitants of a marine aquarium are often difficult to acquire and are usually more expensive than freshwater aquarium inhabitants. However, the inhabitants of saltwater aquariums are usually much more spectacular than freshwater aquarium fish.

A reef aquarium or reef tank is an marine aquarium that prominently displays live corals and other marine invertebrates as well as fish that play a role in maintaining the coral reef environment. A reef aquarium requires appropriately intense lighting, turbulent water movement, and more stable water chemistry than fish-only marine aquaria, and careful consideration is given to which reef animals are appropriate and compatible with each other.

Its a lot of work and many [people use an aquarium maintenance service to handle it.

What equipment is needed? Most modern aquarium equipment is designed to be functional in either salt or fresh water, but it is important to select quality, reliable supplies. It hardly pays to save six dollars on a heater or ten dollars on a filter system and risk the loss of twenty or thirty dollar fish. Contrary to some opinions, under gravel filters are not essential in saltwater aquariums. Many of our customers have had success using the sort of equipment that we include in our “PRO” setups; deluxe heaters, outside power filters and air stones. The only necessary additions to a good freshwater setup are special gravel (crushed coral), sea salt mix, and a hydrometer.

Are saltwater fish hard to keep? Just as in freshwater, there are some species that are usually quite sturdy and some that challenge even the experts. The “Marine Care and Compatibility Table” portion of this guide is meant to help the hobbyist choose fish and invertebrates appropriate for his level of expertise. In addition, the individual specimen should be observed closely before purchase. Sometimes an individual or group of even the most hardy variety will have been subjected to just one too many changes, and will become weak or sickly or will refuse to eat. We will try to help in choosing healthy specimens as much as possible.

Checklist of Items Needed to Start an Maintain a Saltwater Aquarium

The items listed here are pieces of equipment and components that are fundamental for setting up and running a saltwater aquarium or reef tank system.


You need to decide where you want to put your aquarium, determine what size you want or may only have room for, whether you want an acrylic or glass tank, and choose a style that will best fit into the spot you have picked out to display it.


The type of lighting you choose will be based on the type of system you have planned to set up, as well as what kind of livestock you will be keeping in it.

Skimmers, Filters & Filtration Equipment

Once again, what type of system you are going to set up will help you determine which kind of filters and filtration system to choose.


Depending on the size of your aquarium, the use one or several power heads is an excellent way to provide good water circulation throughout the system.

Live Rock & Substrate

Here you need to decide on what type of material you want on the bottom of the tank, as well as whether you want to start with a live or non-living medium. Live Rock plays an important role in a marine tank. Many marine animals, fish in particular, can be quite territorial. It is important to provide ample shelter or places where the animals can hide, sleep, and avoid potential problems with aggression from other tank mates in the confined space of an aquarium.

Sea Salt Mix/Saltwater & Hydrometer

Sea salts are what make an aquarium a saltwater or marine aquarium. Also referred to as a salinity tester, this item measures the specific gravity or salt content of the water.Heater &


For smaller aquariums one heater works well, but for larger systems the use of multiple units is advised. With stick-on, floating, multi-function remote digital sensor, and many other types of units to pick from, the material a thermometer is made of is an important factor when choosing one as well.

Air Pump & Air Stones

Only needed if you are going to run a piece of equipment that requires these items, such as a counter-current protein skimmer.

Test Kits,Additives & Supplements

For live rock and reef tank systems, calcium (a.k.a. limewater/kalkwasser) needs to be added. Other supplemental vitamins or additives that are beneficial to the health of certain marine inhabitants you may be keeping, such a iodine for crustaceans, are important as well.

Maintenance Tools & Supplies

This category includes having items on hand such as a various sized plastic buckets or containers, tank cleaning tools such as a siphon tube/hose, an algae scraper or magnet, as well as nets of different sizes, spare equipment replacements parts, and so on. A good way to keep track of what maintenance tasks you have preformed and when is to keep a log book or record of everything you do.

Populating Your Reef Tank

Article by Groshan Fabiola

A reef tank is a great way to add color and vibrancy to your home or office, and even if you have little or no knowledge about salt water environments you can still jump into this hobby head first. You can choose to fill your tank with fish such as Angel Fish, Barracuda and Burgess Butterfly. Even if you forego the saltwater fish, however, you can still have a beautiful and lively aquarium. Live coral are more popular than ever before and they provide just as much color, movement and vibrancy as fish and other sea creatures.

If you choose to populate your reef tank with fish, there are many varieties to choose from. There are many varieties of Angel Fish and Damsels that can be purchased for under $ 20, which are considered to be some of the best choices for beginners. They are fairly hardy and they are also inexpensive so you don’t need to worry about your money going down the drain if you have to flush any casualties down the toilet. More expensive and difficult to maintain fish can be added as you gain more knowledge and experience.

If you want to focus on live coral there are three general categories to choose from. These are the Soft Coral, Large Polyp Stony Coral, and Stony Coral. The soft corals are best for beginner reef tank owners because they are the hardiest and easiest to maintain. The large polyp stony corals are still pretty hardy but require somewhat more specific water flow and lighting, although they are more colorful and lively so many people find the extra effort worthwhile. The regular stony corals are the most difficult to maintain but they come in an extensive array of colors from bright pink to deep blue.

Live coral and saltwater fish keeping are some of the most enjoyable hobbies with the most beautiful rewards. By purchasing healthy animals from a reputable dealer, your reef tank will be thriving for many years.

For more resources regarding Saltwater clown fish or even about Tropical fish coral reef and especially about Coral fish please review these pages.

The Amazing World of Blue Reef Aquarium in Newquay

Article by Mary

Sometimes in the rush of everyday life especially in the city, the only time that you have for your kids is taking them and picking them up from school. In between, work gets in the way. A holiday in Newquay would just be the perfect time to focus your attention on your kids. Visiting Newquay attractions and doing exciting activities together would give you the chance to spend some great quality time with them.

The Blue Reef Aquarium is one of the leading aquariums in the UK and one of the Newquay attractions that your kids will truly love. This aquarium has been designed not only to show you the rich life under the sea but also to make you understand and appreciate the wonders of the underwater world. These aquariums will make you understand why it is so important to look after these beautiful and amazing creatures. Here are some of the 40 natural themed habitats and attractions that you can find at Blue Reef.

Under Water Tunnel

The main attraction of the Blue Reef Aquarium is the main attraction of the aquarium and is the main reason you must not fail to visit the best among the popular Newquay attractions. It is a recreation of an amazing coral reef that is home to exotic creatures like puffer fish, wrasse, angelfish and other vibrantly coloured species that live in the reef. You will also see sharks such as the graceful black tip reef shark, rays, lionfish and moray eels. Get up close to these amazing creatures as you are inside the spectacular walkthrough tunnel that runs through the heart of the aquarium.

Turtle Creek

At Turtle Creek, you get the chance to see how the turtles live. Housed here are some strange Mata Mata turtles from Brazil, endangered pig-nosed Australian turtles and rescued mud turtles. Blue Reef has been recognized internationally for the rescue and rehabilitation work on stranded sea turtles. They have already released nine sea turtles back to sea. There are interactive displays and Blue reef aquarists narration about the rescue efforts.


Just like in the real world, there are also battles in the underwater world where only the smartest and strongest will survive. You will see some of the dangerous and strange creatures lurking in the ocean like stinging jellyfish, the poisonous lionfish and the amazing giant pacific octopus. You can watch how the predators use camouflage and then attack their victims at high speed. You can also watch the lifecycle and the hunting abilities of the jellyfish.

Amazing Octopus

The reason why the octopus has always been amazing and terrifying is that they are very intelligent creatures who have the ability to change to different shapes and colours. The octopus has three hearts, blue blood and the ability to solve complex puzzles and go through tests of memory. You can watch an octopus at Blue Reef unscrew jam jars and get the food inside. You can also watch the octopus cousins, the squid, cuttlefish and nautilus in this exhibition that is a compelling reason you must visit Blue Reef Aquariums, one of the best Newquay attractions .

Local Species

Right in the Cornish waters are the richest and most diverse habitats. At the Local Species exhibition at Blue Reef, you can learn more about the British seahorse, sharks and other creatures like the pipefish, cuckoo wrasse, sea bream, bass and walking gurnards.


Coral Reef Fishes – Adaptations For Life On The Reef

Article by William Alevizon PhD

Of the myriad creatures that inhabit coral reefs, none are more obvious, colorful, or fascinating to watch than the fishes that live there. Hundreds of species may be found in relatively small areas of reef, with many of these small, well camouflaged, or hidden.

Coral reefs are unusually complex and colorful marine environments. The physical structure of these unique marine habitats differs radically from the open water habitats that comprise over 99% of the world’s oceans, with a diversity of life unmatched in any other marine ecosystem. Therefore, it is not surprising that resident fishes have developed a number of specialized adaptations for life in these colorful and complex habitats.

The best way to gain a true appreciation of the amazing swimming skills of coral reef fishes is to simply hover motionless or swim very slowly above a coral reef at the best Caribbean snorkeling spot you can find, and watch for a while.

Body Shape

The body shape of most species of fish that associate closely with coral reefs differs substantially from the shapes of “typical” open water fishes. The latter are generally built for speed, and have evolved appropriate torpedo-like shapes that offer low frictional resistance to movement through water.

However, in the complex reef environment, a premium is placed upon maneuverability rather than sheer speed. Thus, coral reef fish have evolved a body plan that maximizes their ability to make rapid turns, avoiding swift predators by quickly dodging into fissures in the reef or swiftly circling around coral heads.

The essence of this design is a deep and laterally compressed body (shaped like a pancake), as well exemplified by the angelfishes and butterflyfishes. A less obvious but critical aspect of this altered body plan includes a shift (compared to open water fishes) in the placement and orientation of the pectoral and pelvic fins, which act in concert with the flattened body shape to maximize maneuverability.


Perhaps the most striking feature of coral reef fishes is the variety of brilliant and sometimes bizarre color patterns that adorn them. Again, the use of such color patterns in reef fishes contrasts starkly with the usual color patterns of open water fishes which typically are silvery.

The reasons for the bright and varied color patterns of coral reef fishes has been debated for some time. In some cases, the patterns appear to facilitate concealment under certain conditions, as when the fish is resting in particular places. In other cases, coloration may be used in species recognition to assure mating success. Sometimes, bright contrasting colors are used to warn predators of venomous spines or flesh so as to avoid “mistaken” attacks.

Feeding Structures

With the unusual variety of prey items available to coral reef fishes, it is not surprising that many species have evolved highly specialized jaws, mouths and teeth suited to particular kinds of prey.

For example, “food specialists” like the butterflyfishes (Chaetodontidae) have evolved protruding mouths that are in essence forceps armed with fine teeth – a combination well suited to nipping the coral polyps that are the primary food source of these fishes. Similarly, the parrotfishes (Scaridae) have evolved a beak-like mouth ideally suited for scraping algae from hard coral surfaces.

In contrast, many other common reef-dwelling fishes such as snappers (Lutjanidae) are generalized feeders that have retained a more “typical” mouth and jaw structure that enables them to utilize a wide variety of prey.

There is still much to learn about this fascinating group of fishes, and the adaptations that have collectively made them such a diverse and successful part of the reef fauna.

William Alevizon PhD is a professional marine biologist, author, and scuba instructor who writes on a variety of topics related to ocean life and coral reefs. To learn about the best Caribbean snorkeling destinations for fish watching, visit our website.

Like other puffer fish, a coral reef porcupine fish has spines that are used as defense mechanisms. Identify porcupine fish withtips from a scuba instructor in this free video about coral reef animals. Expert: Don Stark Bio: Don Stark is a PADI Open Water Scuba Instructor with over 20 years of active diving experience. Filmmaker: Demand Media

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Why a Reef Tank Needs Long Legged Salt Water Hermit Crabs

Article by Tod Schaffer

Deemed as Reef SafeExperienced reef keepers will tell you that most species of the long legged hermies are deemed as reef safe. It is best to buy the smaller varieties because they are less lightly to destroy the coral, eat other fish or upset the finely balanced structure of your tank. Instead they will sit comfortably with other species and varieties of marine life in perfect harmony.Sand siftersCertain types of these particular hermies are known as sand sifters. This means that they will scour the bottom of the tank where the substrate sits and pick out detritus, other fallen debris and any uneaten food that fall to the bottom of the tank. They are even known to eat faecal matter. This means that they kind of act as a biological sand filter system. Vacuum cleanersThese particular hermies are very good vacuum cleaners. This means that they swim through the water hoovering up unwanted particles thus keeping it clean and free from any crud such as red slime algae that might develop over a period of timeFood findersAs the title suggests, these hermies are natural scavengers. This means that they will scour your reef tank for food particles and will find their own source of food. So you do not have to feed them very often. Just be aware that if the algae within your reef tank dries up, you will need to make sure that you supplement their diet by giving your pet hermies a little dried seaweed, as this contains all the nutrients they need to be fit and healthy.As you can see here are some of the reasons why long legged salt water hermit crabs are an excellent addition to your reef tank. They are masters at keeping your tank or aquarium at the right natural balance that will in turn support all the other marine life living within it. They also provide a fun element to your aquatic paradise as they constantly change their shells. Finally their lifespan can be quite lengthy, so you will not have to keep replacing them every few years. So if you are about to set up your reef tank for the first time then the aquatic hermies should be the first on your list every single time.

Tod Schaffer is a Hermit Crab enthusiast who has vast experience of raising Hermit Crabs. For more information about long legged saltwater Hermit Crabs, Visit Hermit Crabs.

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Reef Aquarium Supplies Maintain The Right Water Chemistry In Your Tank

Article by Bryan Abram Marks

To maintain the right water chemistry in the tank, the careful preparation of magnesium chloride, magnesium sulfate and other reef aquarium supplies must be made. This will allow the fish, corals and other marine life to flourish in the aquarium. Thankfully, keeping a reef aquarium healthy is made easy by the availability of reef supplements, which simply need to be placed in appropriate amounts.

The natural seawater contains a specific and powerful mix of elements that support the marine life. These are precisely the elements that support the growth and vitality of corals, invertebrates, fish and algae elements. For instance, animals that inhabit the reefs and the ocean are constantly exposed to saltwater, which also enables them to regularly replenish the amount of needed elements. In an aquarium, which is a closed system, such is not the case. These trace elements are found in limited quantities, and can therefore be rapidly depleted.

An important substance used in reef aquaria is magnesium, which is maintained using aquarium supplements. With magnesium in the system, essential mineral and nutrient levels are regularly replenished to provide an ongoing source that will ensure the proper biological function of corals. They also help the tank inhabitants resist changes in water conditions, and prevent microbial growth. Reef aquarium supplies that enrich the aquarium environment are now available in many shops, including those with online presence. With these stores, even beginners can easily set up their reef aquariums, and experience the joy of keeping a healthy environment right in their homes.

Resource Box:

Bulk Reef Supply provides a variety of reef aquarium supplements such as calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, and magnesium sulfate to maintain the right water chemistry for your tank. Aside from these, you can also purchase very affordable reef aquarium supplies such as high-quality dosing pumps and calcium alkalinity drippers. For more information, visit BulkReefSupply.com or call 763-432-9691.

Bryan Abram Marks is a certified digital marketer and experienced online article writer. Bryan’s interest in a diverse range of industries and what they have to offer drives him to conduct extensive research, and publish informative articles that aim to benefit astute consumers like himself.

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Caring For Reef Aquarium Fish, What You Should Know

Article by Alberto Sanchez

Salt water fish are easy to care for but they do have specific needs. Keeping saltwater fish is a different experience if you are used to keeping freshwater fish. There are several things you need to remember if you are planning on keeping salt water fish. These include the kind of water you need, the kind of filtration system you need to install, the kind of lighting and what species you are suited to care for.


Water parameters are very important when it comes to salt water fish because there are fish that cannot tolerate even the slightest changes in their environments. The salt content in the water will easily change since salt evaporates readily. You also risk having a high salt level if your freshwater content evaporates. Make sure to replace lost water every few days to keep salt levels normal. The water temperature is also important. The slightest change in temperature levels can kill your reef aquarium fish.


Saltwater fish require different lighting needs. In most cases saltwater tanks need brighter light compared to freshwater tanks because marine inhabitants are used to living in shallow portions of the seas. Reef systems are not cheap. If you invest in an expensive reef system it is only fitting that you spend for a good lighting system as well. Experts advice using metal halide lighting on your tank since these do not produce very strong lights that cause uneven reflections on the reef and shadows on the water.

Filtration System

Filtration systems are essential in any aquarium. Make sure you have enough time for maintenance especially since saltwater tanks tend to get dirty pretty quickly. Reef tanks require the three kinds of filtration media that are also essential in freshwater tanks– biological, chemical and mechanical. These media also require regular maintenance.

Owning fish for pets can be an enjoyable hobby. Although salt water fish require a bit of work their beauty is worth it. Before buying your fish though you need to research them, reef aquarium fish should not be bought on impulse and merely placed in a tank without prior preparation.

Reef Aquarium Equipment

Reef Aquarium Equipment
Is this enough to run a reef aquarium ? Do I need any other piece of equipment? I know there are a lot of factors to consider, like pH, nitrate, nitrite, ammonia, salinity, temperature and so on, but right now the important concern is the equipment. …
Read more on FishChannel.com

New York Aquarium's Coral Lab Fascinates and Educates Visitors
by Brooklyn Eagle (edit@brooklyneagle.net), published online 12-05-2011 CONEY ISLAND — The Wildlife Conservation Society's New York Aquarium is now growing corals on site in an effort to educate the public about the need to preserve fragile reef …
Read more on Brooklyn Daily Eagle

PGAV Destinations Presents its 2011 Year in Review
The Grand Aquarium in Ocean Park, Hong Kong. PGAV Destinations was the lead designer of this state-of-the-art aquatic attraction, which is the sensational centerpiece of Ocean Park's Aqua City development. Nearly 3 million people visited in the first …
Read more on PR Web (press release)

Reef aquarium pests

Article by Peter Cunningham

As with most hobbies there are some things that are definitely undesirable. Keeping a saltwater reef aquarium or saltwater fish only aquarium is a most fulfilling hobby, but irritating problems can occur.

For example, outbreaks of filamentous green algae, brown/black/red smear algae, glass anemones and bubble algae (sailor’s eyeball algae) are four of the major culprits. These problems can develop into major headaches if proper action during setting-up and the following care and maintenance are not taken.

The really annoying part is that glass anemones and bubble algae can be decorative at first. In fact, an unwary and inexperienced aquarist might be pleased with his new additions.

These problems usually arrive with new corals, or, rather, on the rocks the new corals are attached to. Live rock can also introduce them.

A major cause of algae problems is low water quality, that is, water that has too high levels of nitrate and phosphate. It has been reported that filamentous green algae, smear algae, and glass anemones do well in the presence of nitrate and phosphate.

To make bubble algae (sailor’s eyeball algae) even more annoying, it is said that to do well it needs high quality water. So if they appear in your tank, definitely take control action, but at least be pleased that your water is good.

I have dealt with bubble algae successfully. I have also waged war with glass anemones, but have found that, once the war is generally won, occasionally control action is needed when another pops its unwelcome head up.

The answer to these problems is the proper setting up of a tank from the start, and ongoing care and maintenance.

These reef aquarium pests may never invade your tank at all, but it is probable that one or the other will appear. Be aware, and be prepared with the necessary knowledge to take remedial action.

Peter Cunningham and John Cunningham combined have been keeping salt water aquarium’s for nearly 35 years. Visit their site ‘The Salt Water Aquarium’ if you are interested in starting a marine aquarium reef tank.

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Reef Fish Identification – Tropical Pacific

Reef Fish Identification – Tropical Pacific

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Finally, a comprehensive fish identification guide covering the fish-rich reefs of the Pacific. It contains 2,500 underwater photographs of 2,000 species from four of the best marine life authors/photographers in the business. Their collaboration makes it possible for underwater naturalists to identify fishes from Thailand to Tahiti with a single, compact, easy-to-use, no-nonsense reference. 108 fish families are presented in one of 20 Identification groups based on a family’s related visual or

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Reef tanks

Article by Rotem Gavish

Reef tanks are usually kept at a temperature between 25 and 27 °C (75-80 ºF).

Reef tanks can be beautiful and exotic and for some a piece of nature.

The primary filtration for reef aquariums usually

comes from the use of large amounts of live rock which come from

various rubble zones around existing reefs.

Researchers are finding that saltwater fish aquariums have therapeutic health benefits.

The tanks are usually constructed from either glass or acrylic. With advances in modern aquariums

it’s recently became possible to have a piece of coral reef at home and enjoy it in the privacy of your

living room without getting wet with saltwater aquarium. A reef aquarium or reef tank is an aquarium

containing live corals and other animals associated with coral reefs. Unlike the marine aquarium,

the main purpose of which is to house various types of fish, the true stars of the reef tank are the

coral and other invertebrates. As the aquariums we maintain contain more and more diverse animal life,

the need for more complete additives becomes more of a necessity, and the make-up of these additives

has to be more geared to the new type of aquariums, in order to satisfy the requirements of all the

animal life we now keep. Water movement is important in the reef aquarium with different types of

coral requiring different flow rates. Building water momentum using a gyre is an efficient method to

increase flow, thus benefiting coral respiration and photosynthesis. Some corals such as the

Mushroom Coral and Coral Polyps require very little light to thrive – conversely, LPS coral such as

Brain coral, Bubble Coral, Elegance Coral, Cup Coral, Torch Coral, and Trumpet Coral require moderate

amounts of light, and Small Polyp Stony Corals (SPS) such as Acropora Coral, Montipora, Porites,

Stylopora and pocillopora require high intensity lighting. Stony corals, which are defined by their

calcerous calcium carbonate skeletons (CaCO3), are the focus of many advanced reef keepers.

These corals require additional attention to water chemistry, especially maintenance of stable and

optimal calcium, carbonate, and pH levels. A reef aquarium requires appropriately intense lighting,

turbulent water movement, and more stable water chemistry than fish-only marine aquaria.

Nano reefs are very commonly sold as complete kits which contain the tank, stand,

power compact T5, T8, PL lamps or Metal Halide lighting, protein skimmer, UV sterilizer, 3 or

more stage filtration, a heater and a water pump or power head. However, many Nano reef

keepers decide to upgrade their aquariums with better quality equipment such as a more powerful

protein skimmer or lighting. These tiny tanks require even more diligence with regard to water

changes and attention to water chemistry because the small water volume provides little room for error.

Care must be exercised when stocking these tiny tanks because too many inhabitants can easily

overload the tank’s ability to process wastes effectively.

for more free information visit us at: http://www.aquariumpassion.com/

Rotem Gavish is a fish expert. Dedicating his life to this beautiful hobby, his expertise is in all related to aquarium world such as fish, plants and invertebrates. Rotem established his site with the vision of sharing tips and free information.

What Is a Pico Tank? – Confused About The Different Sizes Of Reef Aquarium Kits?

Article by Marian Fisher

Fish have always been popular as pets going back as far as ancient Rome. The standard fresh water aquarium is a common sight in many households, salt water aquariums have become more popular too, and the reef aquariums can always be found with enthusiasts. Lately reef aquariums manufacturers have been working on more types and sizes to attract more customers. Some of these newer tanks are as small as 2.5 gallons and can fit on top of a desk.

The smallest reef tank kit available is a pico reef. These reef aquariums are smaller than 2.5 gallons. These tank are often too small to have even one fish, so it is only for those who want to keep small coral reefs. They are also very difficult to keep due to the small amount of water. Reef tanks require a very specific water chemistry and the size of these tanks means even a tiny mistake can become hazardous for your reef.

The next size tank kit is the nano reef. There is a bit of a disagreement about the size of them, some hobbyists say that any tank under 40 gallons is a nano tank while others say it is under 30 gallons. The majority of the hobbyists say are in the under 30 group so that’s what will be listed here. These nano reef tanks are one reason reef aquariums are becoming more popular. These tanks are often cheaper to get started with and the smaller size makes it easier to take care of them. These tanks are small but not so small that you couldn’t have a few fish as well as your reef.

Next up is the full size reef tank. These tanks actually vary in size from 34 gallons and up. It is harder to find kits for these size tanks, but it is possible. One such kit is the Red Sea Max 130. It is a 34 gallon tank and it comes with the mechanical parts needed to get started. If you wanted to buy everything at once, you would have to purchase the Red Sea Max 130 starter kit separately. It includes the reef base and chemicals needed to balance the water chemistry of your tank.

There are many choices to make when you first decide to start a reef aquarium, tank size is just one of them. Once you decided on a size though, you can get started almost immediately by purchasing a reef aquarium kit.

Before you go, make sure to check out Red Sea Max and their full line of reef aquariums.

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Saltwater Custom Fish Tanks-Fish or Reef?

Article by Captive Seas Aquariums

specializes in layout, installation, and support of custom saltwater and freshwater aquariums in each National and International company and residential setting.

DVD available at www.underseadiscovery.com Visit www.underseadiscovery.com to discover more about Wayne Shang Marine Aquariums.

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The Most Important Aspect of Your Reef Aquarium is Lighting

Article by Marian Fisher

The proper lighting for a reef aquarium remains the most critical issue of maintaining and having a successful tank that will provide life for all aspects of the environment. The proper light intensity is needed for reef corals to live and grow. The photosynthesis levels of the tank is crucial for your coral to live. Your goal is to have your reef inhabitants use an almost natural lighting environment. You must have the right timed light exposure and the proper intensity as well as light spectrum if you are to be successful with your aquarium. This will provide your reef creatures with the greatest chance to grow and flourish.

For a reef aquarium lighting is expressed in watts per gallon. This is simply the amount of light power that is dissipated over the aquarium tank. For low light corals, the lighting should be between four and six watts per gallon of water. Light loving reefs should be bathed with ten watts of light per gallon because they require a higher light intensity.

If you want your reef life to get the proper lighting you should use a multiple light system with timer controls to vary the number of light and the intensity of light they will receive. This will provide a natural-like system that re-creates a natural sunlight environment like when the sun moves through the sky. This is one of the best ways to insure success with your own reef set up.

The two most common lighting solutions used for the reef aquarium are fluorescent and metal halide. Fluorescent lighting is cheaper and works well for those aquarium that are not deep. For deeper aquariums the intensity of fluorescent lighting is not enough, you might need metal halide. You will need to consider your own tank and decide which lighting will be correct.

Fluorescent lighting is available in many types and will last a long time. You may want to consider the new Power Compacts which produces a greater light intensity and will help your aquarium growth. These have a life span of up to two years and are economical to purchase.

The most intense lighting is metal halide. If your reef aquarium tank is deep that is a much better option because this lighting can penetrate depths beyond twenty inches. Metal halide can also help to beautify your tank by producing sparkling glitter lines. This is a nice attractive feature of the metal halide lighting that your do not achieve with fluorescent lighting.

The technology of lighting is getting better and they are now much more energy-efficient than ever before. This will save you money and energy costs. Because lighting is so crucial for your tank you should spend any extra money you have on good lighting choices. This will pay dividends for the success of your tank and will provide you with hours of joy and amusement. It would be in your best interest to do some reading and research into the lighting process with a reef tank.

The best thing a beginner can do is talk with your local dealer, talk with other owners, and do some research and reading about the subject. If you find the opportunity, join an interest group where you can learn from others about the techniques that work for a reef aquarium. Knowledge and education are your best friends when it comes time to explore this great hobby.

Before you go, I have the detailed specifications on the Red Sea Max 130D aquarium. It’s a great one for getting started with reef aquariums.

Please thumbs up on stumble if you like this! Hi all, it’s been a while, but better late than never I guess 😉 After battling montipora eating nudibranch for 2 months, I thought I had won the fight, only to discover that a calcium overdose had slowed them down. ( I had reached 1000 instead of 400-500 we are aiming for!) So when the calcium problem got solved (still killed a bunch of corals), the nudis got back stronger than ever and ate pretty much all the montis available. So here is the tank 8 months after a heartbreaking battle that I lost. I plan on adding new corals in july, so stay tuned. Started in february 2008, 6 ft, 130g display, 70g sump, 3x MH 400W 14 000 K Hamilton lights, 1x tunze 6080, 2x hydor koralia 4, 1x koralia 1, usa current 1/3 hp chiller, reeflo 200 skimmer, ph monitor, refractometer, cheato and caulerpa in sump+ 70 lbs live rock, fans, 1x 250 watt heater, 30g water reserve, 100 gpd RO/DI, Deltec H20 salt… SONG BY PHANTOGRAM : MOUTHFUL OF DIAMONDS Thanks for all the comments, until next video, Ganzel

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Lighting For Your Reef Tank

Article by Devin Gilliland

Proper lighting is one of the most important factors for the success of your reef tank. Reef tanks contain corals, and corals are photosensitive. These beautifully colored aquatic animals require light to thrive in their own habitat. Naturally, they absorb the sunrays that enter into the water. Hence, the lighting arrangement you provide must at least try to replicate their natural environment. Then, esthetics comes into play too. Without the right kind of lighting, you will not be able to do proper justice to the inhabitants of your reef tank.

The first thing to consider about lighting up reef tanks is how much light you will be needing. The amount of light depends in a major way on the types of corals you are using in the tank. If your corals are photosensitive, then you will certainly need more light. Photosensitive corals can even die in the absence of proper lighting. Reef lighting must be ideally 4 to 6 watts per gallon if the tank houses mostly low light sensitivity coral, but it must be up to 10 watts per gallon if the coral is highly light sensitive. At the same time, the depth of the tank is also to be taken into account. Since all kinds of aquarium reef lighting are placed on top of the tank, their intensity will decrease as the light travels downwards. That is why taller reef tanks must have more intense lights than the squat ones.

The most popular kinds of lighting available for reef tanks are the fluorescent tubes. The VHO (Very High Output) fluorescent tubes are the most commonly used. These tubes produce light that is very close to natural light, and hence they are well suited to reef tanks. They produce very good intensities too (110 watts per 4 feet), which make them an economical choice. The VHO fluorescent tubes spread the light very evenly within the tank, which is good for temperature distribution. VHO fluorescent tubes are available in two natural colors – the full spectrum white (also known as the daylight tubes) that imitates sunlight and the actinic blue that closely resembles the bluish color of the ocean bottom. It is a good idea to buy a reef light that is a mixture of 50% of spectrum and 50% of actinic blue (such mixture lights are available).

For those who do not mind spending a few extra dollars on their reef tank lighting, the power compact fluorescent lights are the best options. These are fluorescent tubes that are bent several times and attached to a power source from only one end. The advantage of these lights is that they occupy a very small space within the tank, but give better light than the VHO fluorescent lights do. A 55-watt power compact fluorescent light will produce as much light as a 95 watt VHO fluorescent light. They are also power saving, and work for a very long time.

Another option is to go for the metal halide lights. Metal halide lights are good at throwing light in the reef tank, but they are not good for distributing light within the tank. Due to this reason, the tank can get hot due to inadequate temperature distribution. However, metal halide lights are good for prohibiting the growth of algae within the tank. The metal halide lights are the cheapest among the different form of reef lighting.

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