Tag Archives: Marine

Starting A Marine or Coral Reef Aquarium

A marine aquarium is an aquarium that keeps marine plants and animals in a contained environment. Marine aquaria are further subdivided by hobbyists into fish only (FO), fish only with live rock (FOWLR), and reef aquaria.

Fish only tanks often showcase large or aggressive marine fish species and generally rely on mechanical and chemical filtration. FOWLR and reef tanks use live rock, a material composed of coral skeletons harboring beneficial nitrogen waste metabolizing bacteria, as a means of more natural biological filtration.

Marine fish keeping is different from its freshwater counterpart because of the fundamental differences in the constitution of saltwater and the resulting differences in the adaptation of its inhabitants. A stable marine aquarium requires more equipment than freshwater systems, and generally requires more stringent water quality monitoring.[1] The inhabitants of a marine aquarium are often difficult to acquire and are usually more expensive than freshwater aquarium inhabitants. However, the inhabitants of saltwater aquariums are usually much more spectacular than freshwater aquarium fish.

A reef aquarium or reef tank is an marine aquarium that prominently displays live corals and other marine invertebrates as well as fish that play a role in maintaining the coral reef environment. A reef aquarium requires appropriately intense lighting, turbulent water movement, and more stable water chemistry than fish-only marine aquaria, and careful consideration is given to which reef animals are appropriate and compatible with each other.

Its a lot of work and many [people use an aquarium maintenance service to handle it.

What equipment is needed? Most modern aquarium equipment is designed to be functional in either salt or fresh water, but it is important to select quality, reliable supplies. It hardly pays to save six dollars on a heater or ten dollars on a filter system and risk the loss of twenty or thirty dollar fish. Contrary to some opinions, under gravel filters are not essential in saltwater aquariums. Many of our customers have had success using the sort of equipment that we include in our “PRO” setups; deluxe heaters, outside power filters and air stones. The only necessary additions to a good freshwater setup are special gravel (crushed coral), sea salt mix, and a hydrometer.

Are saltwater fish hard to keep? Just as in freshwater, there are some species that are usually quite sturdy and some that challenge even the experts. The “Marine Care and Compatibility Table” portion of this guide is meant to help the hobbyist choose fish and invertebrates appropriate for his level of expertise. In addition, the individual specimen should be observed closely before purchase. Sometimes an individual or group of even the most hardy variety will have been subjected to just one too many changes, and will become weak or sickly or will refuse to eat. We will try to help in choosing healthy specimens as much as possible.

Checklist of Items Needed to Start an Maintain a Saltwater Aquarium

The items listed here are pieces of equipment and components that are fundamental for setting up and running a saltwater aquarium or reef tank system.


You need to decide where you want to put your aquarium, determine what size you want or may only have room for, whether you want an acrylic or glass tank, and choose a style that will best fit into the spot you have picked out to display it.


The type of lighting you choose will be based on the type of system you have planned to set up, as well as what kind of livestock you will be keeping in it.

Skimmers, Filters & Filtration Equipment

Once again, what type of system you are going to set up will help you determine which kind of filters and filtration system to choose.


Depending on the size of your aquarium, the use one or several power heads is an excellent way to provide good water circulation throughout the system.

Live Rock & Substrate

Here you need to decide on what type of material you want on the bottom of the tank, as well as whether you want to start with a live or non-living medium. Live Rock plays an important role in a marine tank. Many marine animals, fish in particular, can be quite territorial. It is important to provide ample shelter or places where the animals can hide, sleep, and avoid potential problems with aggression from other tank mates in the confined space of an aquarium.

Sea Salt Mix/Saltwater & Hydrometer

Sea salts are what make an aquarium a saltwater or marine aquarium. Also referred to as a salinity tester, this item measures the specific gravity or salt content of the water.Heater &


For smaller aquariums one heater works well, but for larger systems the use of multiple units is advised. With stick-on, floating, multi-function remote digital sensor, and many other types of units to pick from, the material a thermometer is made of is an important factor when choosing one as well.

Air Pump & Air Stones

Only needed if you are going to run a piece of equipment that requires these items, such as a counter-current protein skimmer.

Test Kits,Additives & Supplements

For live rock and reef tank systems, calcium (a.k.a. limewater/kalkwasser) needs to be added. Other supplemental vitamins or additives that are beneficial to the health of certain marine inhabitants you may be keeping, such a iodine for crustaceans, are important as well.

Maintenance Tools & Supplies

This category includes having items on hand such as a various sized plastic buckets or containers, tank cleaning tools such as a siphon tube/hose, an algae scraper or magnet, as well as nets of different sizes, spare equipment replacements parts, and so on. A good way to keep track of what maintenance tasks you have preformed and when is to keep a log book or record of everything you do.

Six Popular Marine Aquarium FAQs

Article by Larry Getz

How about having a marine aquarium faq (frequently asked questions) session? Its important having answers to some questions that may be lurking in the back of your mind. Being informed before entering a pet store is half the battle in acquiring the materials necessary for your aquarium. Here’s a list of frequently asked questions and informative answers.

Are saltwater fish hard to take care of?

They can be, if you buy species that are not hardy and equipment that is not effective in creating consistent saline and temperature levels in your water. Selecting resilient breeds, like mollies, are a good first step, when first starting out as a saltwater fish pet owner.

As for the ecosystem balance in your fish tank, keep in mind that the two most important devises in your aquarium are your pump and filters. These two components are fundamental in keeping a balanced and consistent ecosystem.

What are some guidelines to purchasing a pump?

Make sure that you are not thrown by the cost of a saltwater pump. They are pricier than freshwater pumps. The size of your tank, the heat that the pump generates, and the pump’s noise level are all factors to consider when purchasing this piece of equipment.

Be wary of buying a pump that’s too large for you aquarium. This type of scenario can change the temperature of the water in your tank. This can cause problems for the fish, corals and plants in your aquarium. Your best bet is to ask for your store’s technical support if you are unsure of the correct brand and pump size.

What kind of filter is appropriate for my fish tank?

Although there are vast mounts of filters to choose from, biological filters tend to be very easy to clean. As for filter channels, they shouldn’t be to narrow, as the narrow ones tend to get clogged. Filters should be bought based on your tank size and the type of pump that you are purchasing.

What kind of fish should I purchase?

If you’re a beginner, the hardy molly is your best bet. They adjust to inconsistent pH levels and temperature fluctuations. Damselfish are also wonderful, but it is best to stick with the yellowtail and blue devil types, as the others are too aggressive and territorial for a first time fish owner. Other amazing fish include clownfish, tangs, angel fish, and lionfish.

Can you run down a list of things that I’ll need if I want to become a saltwater fish owner?

Some essentials include: de-chlorinated water, bucket(s), a hydrometer and testing jar, mildewcide or bleach, distilled water, a heater, a filtration system, plants, decorations and an appropriate size tank.

What’s an appropriate tank size?

Although stores have a huge selection of tanks in the 30 to 50 gallon range, many agree that the 55 gallon tank is optimum. Of course, measuring carefully at home is important. There’s no sense in buying the perfect 55 gallon tank if you can’t fit it anywhere.

There are dozens of questions that are frequently asked. However, the above answers should make you informed enough to walk into a pet store with more confidence and ask some appropriate technical questions.

Larry Getz is a saltwater aquarium enthusiast. Visit Saltwater Aquarium 101 for a marine aquarium faq and other resources you can use right now to setup an amazing aquarium.

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Setting Up A Marine Fish Tank

Article by Alexander Gunnar Smith

Compare and buy href=”http://www.aquariumhouse.co.uk/compare_aquariums.html>Marine Fish Tanks, Tropical Fish Tanks and aquatic supplies at http://www.aquariumhouse.co.uk


Tropical Aquarium Or Marine Aquarium?

Article by Leandro Gunnar Fortin

Marine is actually a saying used to describe saltwater environments. Typical seawater contains between 33 and 36 ppt of salt (the same as 33-36 grams per litre). Marine fish tanks need different equipment to tropical fish tanks. think about for your marine aquarium is marine salt. Not to be mistaken with table salt or aquarium salt, as marine salt is unique. It is actually made by using a desalination technique of natural seawater, or alternatively it can be manufactured synthetically using the right balance of elements and additives.

To tell you how much salt is in the water you’ll need a hydrometer. It’s a vital but inexpensive tool to keep a marine tank, and it ought to be used when producing up water for a water change. These are not that hard to use and many feature a built-in thermometer.

It’s important to remember that warm salt water evaporates at a rapid rate, such as a large tank can lose 25l each week or more. Marine reef life is not accustomed to fluctuations in salinity, so a computerized top-up device makes sense.This requires a float switch which is placed in your primary tank and connected with a pump that you just place in the top-up water, so your water level can be topped up automatically in the primary tank.Another fundamental piece of equipment you’ll want to help you maintain clean marine water is a protein skimmer. This can be used jointly with a traditional biological filtration system or as part of a natural filtration system side by side with living rock.

Protein skimmers work by creating small bubbles that arise through the plastic column to the surface, collecting proteins in the water as they rise. These proteins would certainly be converted into ammonia and nitrate by biological filtration.There are many different protein skimmers on the market to pick from, including external and internal models, most powered using a powerhead, however, some smaller ones are powered by an airpump linked with a limewood airstone to supply tiny bubbles. The best idea is to get the biggest skimmer are able to afford as these will be the most effective, but ensure that it fits your tank first.

Powerheads once were used as part of under-gravel filtration systems, the difference is they are mainly employed for moving water around, as modern reef aquariums need a good amount of flow around the tank in order to meet the requirements of the corals.

Surge controllers or wavemakers, as they are best known, control the flow of one or several powerheads to make them come on at intervals. This leads to a more natural flow of seawater, and the effect looks good too. Some will even imitate the change in the flow of water between nighttime and daytime, and low and high tides.

Unfortunately powerheads along with other equipment produce heat and marine tanks hate heat. High-powered lights are the principle culprit for producing excess heat so it can be essential to purchase a cooler or a chiller inside your tank. These are generally a sort of refrigeration unit that hook up to the tank so when water is pumped throughout the unit it is chilled and returned to the tank.There’s a lot of other equipment that one could also add to your tank to maintain the water clear and the levels right but it can turn out to be extremely expensive. Before starting looking around at marine fish tanks understand all the potential costs and pitfalls prior to reaching your final decision about what to purchase.

Keeping a marine tank isn’t easy but it can be quite rewarding should you get it right.

One of the best places to look for fish tanks for sale and aquatic supplies is Aquarium House http://www.aquariumhouse.co.uk

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Successful Marine Aquarium

Successful Marine Aquarium
A beautiful marine display can even be set up in a 10-gallon tank . The real secret to successful, tiny marine tanks is to keep very few fish and/or invertebrates in them. Be sure the tank is on a sturdy stand or table. Saltwater is heavy (1 gallon …
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Live Rock
By J. Charles Delbeek Q. I have recently re- setup a saltwater tank after 18 years of being away from the hobby. Boy, have I been away a long time! Anyway, I thought that putting the old reliable undergravel filter in with powerheads was good, …
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Starting a Saltwater Marine Aquarium

Article by Albert Bohay

Dreaming of a slice of underwater nature in your home marine aquarium? Inspired by the beautiful and playful fishes in “Finding Nemo”, such as the Blue Tang and clownfish? More and more hobbyists are discovering the charm and pleasure of keeping a saltwater aquarium. This allows them to appreciate and learn about nature in a closer way, a very tangible reward indeed.

Visualize replicating one of Earth’s spectacular natural environments — the coral reef — right in your own home. You can actually set up and keep a tank complete with saltwater fishes, corals and landscaping. Aquarium fish care employing new methods helps to make long-term maintenance less tedious and ensure the marine inhabitants live healthy and longer.

Keeping saltwater fishes in a home aquarium has been thought to be challenging. Specialized equipment are required, which makes such marine tanks more expensive to keep; however, having this does not guarantee these pricey marine fishes will survive.

Upkeep of the tanks can be tedious as algae needs to be cleaned off frequently, not to mention the periodic cleaning of the undergravel filter and sand. Not surprisingly, many hobbyists tend to give up after a while.

The secret for a beginner to marine aquariums is to begin with a system that is designed for the long haul and is “self-adjusting”. Stay with beginner fish species and simpler methods with the help of suitable equipment.

A long term commitment is necessary as constant care of the aquarium is demanded, with the same level of responsibility of keeping a live pet such as a cat or dog. If the hobbyist is not prepared, he or she should consider keeping a freshwater aquarium instead.

A lot has been learned about the biological processes of nature’s reefs and newer aquarium equipment are now available to re-create such an environment. For example, using live rock as the main biological filter is one step in this direction, replacing more entrenched methods that use undergravel filters.

Another is the deployment of vigorous water circulation, which helps to distribute both good and bad elements across the tank. Thus, over concentration at any one area is prevented, creating an environment much like the ocean, where there is chemical uniformity and great stability.

Patience is definitely required to establish the beautiful marine tank that one so desires with these colourful aquatic creatures. It will most likely take half a year to stabilize a new tank and another half for it to be completely ready for the long haul.

Rushing will not help here as overnight results are hardly attainable by a beginner, even with the expense. Nonetheless, the sight of these beautiful saltwater fishes can be the main motivation to keep the hobbyist on track as the home aquarium evolves and takes shape with time and experience.

The success of starting a healthy and vibrant home marine aquarium can be extremely rewarding and exciting. For anyone willing to commit time, energy, money and some creativity, this hobby can provide relief from stress and satisfaction from a tank well kept.

For a lot of hobbyists, keeping a marine aquarium often becomes a life-long passion. Without a doubt, a beautiful saltwater tank is a sight to behold, with all those brightly coloured fishes darting around in their beautiful reef environment.

And who knows, keeping marine aquariums might even motivate hobbyists to go even closer to nature by learning snorkelling or diving. Perhaps, nothing is more real than seeing marine fishes in their natural environment and touching the reef corals.

Albert Bohay is a freelance article writer and product reviewer specializing in the hobby niche. Visit The Aquarium Fish Care Blog for relevant info on aquarium fish care. If you are just starting out, get good advice for saltwater aquariums and become successful faster.

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Marine Aquariums Coral Reef Impact

Marine Aquariums Coral Reef Impact
The islanders quickly learned that this was far more profitable than blowing up coral reefs for limestone and began exporting live fish for aquariums . In these cases, the saltwater aquarium trade has been as asset, both economically and environmentally …
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Aquarium Wave Makers
Most reefkeepers agree that water movement, just for the sake of debris suspension, is very important to water quality and overall aquarium health. Now if you plan only on keeping certain saltwater fish , water movement may not be as crucial. …
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Saltwater Fish , Freshwater Dips
Dechlorinated tap water is usually fine, but use a commercial pH buffer to raise the pH to 8.0 to 8.2 if necessary. Use a thermometer to check if the temperature of the fresh water is the same as that in your aquarium — few tropical marine fish …
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The Marine Reef Aquarium

The Marine Reef Aquarium

Marine aquarium hobbyists who turn to this book will find the most up-to-date information and advice available anywhere on the increasingly popular activity of setting up and maintaining a thriving coral reef aquarium. In recent years, specialists have made major advances in understanding nature’s marine aquarium systems. With author Philip Hunt’s expert advice and instruction, even beginning hobbyists can maintain viable, beautiful, and long-lasting coral reef aquarium displays. In addition to

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Give your Fish a Good Home with Marine Aquariums

Article by Coral Aquarium Ltd

Marine aquariums are a must for those looking to keep the more tropical varieties of fish and the best place for one to purchase aquariums is online. Keeping fish is incredibly rewarding but it is important to have the right equipment.When purchasing aquariums and tanks, it is a good idea to do a little research and establish which form of the equipment is most suitable for your requirements and the sort of marine life that you intend to keep. Aquariums are essential for giving your fish a habitat that they can thrive and be happy in and speaking to experts in the field of tanks and aquatic life is the best way of guaranteeing that you find the best fit for the sort of tropical fish that you own or intend to purchase.

Looking at the Different Types of Marine Aquariums

There are various different forms available for residential use and understanding these differences will make it much more straightforward to find the most suitable piece of apparatus for your requirements. Two of the more often used forms of marine aquariums include: