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Aquarium lighting -Know Your Facts

When you are ready to buy the aquarium lighting, you have to choose it carefully. The perfect type of the lighting is very useful for the aquarium. That’s because the plants are depending on the light. By choosing the wrong aquarium lights, the algae will grow uncontrollably but the other plants will not.

But the light is very important for the fish too, because they need to see the swimming path and the food. The fishes should have at least 12 hours of light every day.Don’t shut down the light instantly, because the fishes will become scared. The best solution is to close the light system of the aquarium and after a few minutes to close the light of the room.

Some people choose to have a night light for their fishes. In nature this light is normal and is created by the moon.When you purchase a light system there are two important things you should look at: the spectrum of light and the brightness. The companies are making aquarium lights in many spectrum variants.

Choose a proper color for plants, which is blue or red. If you have only fishes in the aquarium choose green, yellow or the entire spectrum of light. The brightness is more difficult to establish. You must know how much light the fishes and plants need. You should know exactly how wide and deep the aquarium is. If the deepness of the aquarium is more than usual, use a strong light.

The perfect way to measure the need of light in the aquarium is the luxmeter. The light intensity is measured in luxes. An aquarium populated with freshwater plants will need around 5 000 luxes and the corals, sea-flowers and saltwater plants will need around 6 000 luxes. If the aquarium will have more light than normal, the algae will grow more than usual. That’s why it is extremely important to know the exact amount of light for the aquarium.The fluorescent tubes are the most common aquarium lightings.

They can make many colors of the spectrum and they can last around two years. Halogen and tungsten lamps are used in some aquariums, but there are not the perfect choices. Even though they are cheaper, they use more energy and lasts shorter. These kinds of lamps don’t have all the time the right color spectrum for growing plants. Ordinary house lamps are not good for aquariums because they can’t light up the entire structure in the same way.

Try not to save some money because you will lose from the quality and also the fishes and the plants will suffer. Sometimes being cheep will have a dramatic effect on the light quality. Purchasing some light that are not proper for the aquarium can destroy the entire artificial ecosystem inside of it. The best solution nowadays is to buy LED lights that last longer and have the perfect intensity and spectrum for the plants and fishes.

Aquarium Lighting

Article by jekky

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2008)Aquarium lighting describes any type of light that is used to illuminate an aquarium tank or in some instances, such as with reef aquariums, support the life contained within. FreshwaterFreshwater aquarium lighting often comes in two forms; one is a screw-in style incandescent bulb and the other is normal output fluorescent lighting. Screw-in compact fluorescent lighting is also used in freshwater aquaria since it provides brighter light output than traditional screw-in style bulbs.More demanding freshwater set-ups, such as planted freshwater aquariums, may require stronger light sources. Compact fluorescent bulbs, high output T5 bulbs or metal halide lamps are often used over such aquariums to encourage plant growth. While these lights can provide a better spectrum than traditional ones, they often use more electricity and have a high heat output. ReefThe reef aquarium field is where aquarium lighting varies the greatest. Some reef aquarium keepers use VHO (Very High Output) fluorescent tubes, compact fluorescent lighting, and metal halide lighting since they provide much brighter light than average fluorescent bulbs and come in a variety of spectrums. Reef keepers often opt for light of varying spectrum. Since many corals require a deep blue or actinic spectrum of light to thrive many aquarists must supplement traditional white light with light of this color. Also popular with reef keepers is T5 High Output fluorescent bulbs. These bulbs are thinner than traditional T8 bulbs and provide a much brighter, more powerful light.Another light source in reef aquariums today is metal halide lighting. These high output lights closely recreate the shimmering effect of bright tropical sun over a patch of coral reef. Metal halide bulbs come in a variety of spectra from 5000k on up to “20,000”k and allow for a variety of light hungry corals to survive under them. Many aquarists will use metal halide bulbs in conjunction with either power compact fluorescents or T5 fluorescents since halide lighting does not have the overall balanced effect of other light types. While very useful to reef aquarium keepers, halide lighting also uses a lot of electricity (150-400 watts being common)and produces copious amounts of heat. Most reef keepers mount halide bulbs at least one foot above their tank and some, due to the lights’ heat output have had to add chillers to keep aquarium water cool.Many light fixtures come as all-in-one units with light for both daylight hours and nighttime viewing. LED lamps of 3/4 to 2 watts can be implemented to come on at night, simulating the glow of the moon over the tank. All in one fixtures require large fans to cool the bulbs and achieve maximum light efficiency. LED lighting is also becoming more common for not only lunar lighting but also to simulate daylight conditions, LEDs have a higher initial cost than other lighting sources but utilize much less energy. They are also dimmable. LEDs produce a very narrow color spectrum that is limited to a narrow band of wavelengths. For this reason an array of different colored LEDs is required to be used in combination to simulate spectral coverage that is suitable for coral growth. Early adopters of pure LED based systems have reported that the limited color spectrum provided by LEDs may not produce optimal coral growth.v  d  eAquarium and fishkeeping hobbyTypesFreshwater aquarium Marine aquarium Brackish water aquarium Community tank Biotope Reef aquariumAquarium equipment and furnitureFilter Berlin Method Protein skimmer Deep sand bed Heater Refugium Calcium reactor Bog-wood and Driftwood Airstone Live rock Substrate Fishcam Aquarium fish feeder Aquarium lightingFish termsHardy fish Dither fish Algae eater Bottom feeder Tropical fish Coldwater fish Painted fishFish foodFlake food Feeder fish Bloodworms Brine shrimp Tubifex tubifex Daphnia InfusoriaListsList of freshwater aquarium fish species List of freshwater aquarium plant species List of freshwater aquarium invertebrate species List of marine aquarium fish species List of brackish aquarium fish species List of aquarium diseasesOther termsAquascaping Spawning triggers Reef safe MacQuarium Bath treatmentAquarium magazinesPractical Fishkeeping Tropical Fish Hobbyist Koi Aquarium Fish InternationalPeopleTakashi Amano Herbert R. Axelrod Julian SprungAquarium related companiesTetra Sera Eheim Hagen Categories: FishkeepingHidden categories: Articles lacking sources from January 2008 | All articles lacking sources

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The Most Important Aspect of Your Reef Aquarium is Lighting

Article by Marian Fisher

The proper lighting for a reef aquarium remains the most critical issue of maintaining and having a successful tank that will provide life for all aspects of the environment. The proper light intensity is needed for reef corals to live and grow. The photosynthesis levels of the tank is crucial for your coral to live. Your goal is to have your reef inhabitants use an almost natural lighting environment. You must have the right timed light exposure and the proper intensity as well as light spectrum if you are to be successful with your aquarium. This will provide your reef creatures with the greatest chance to grow and flourish.

For a reef aquarium lighting is expressed in watts per gallon. This is simply the amount of light power that is dissipated over the aquarium tank. For low light corals, the lighting should be between four and six watts per gallon of water. Light loving reefs should be bathed with ten watts of light per gallon because they require a higher light intensity.

If you want your reef life to get the proper lighting you should use a multiple light system with timer controls to vary the number of light and the intensity of light they will receive. This will provide a natural-like system that re-creates a natural sunlight environment like when the sun moves through the sky. This is one of the best ways to insure success with your own reef set up.

The two most common lighting solutions used for the reef aquarium are fluorescent and metal halide. Fluorescent lighting is cheaper and works well for those aquarium that are not deep. For deeper aquariums the intensity of fluorescent lighting is not enough, you might need metal halide. You will need to consider your own tank and decide which lighting will be correct.

Fluorescent lighting is available in many types and will last a long time. You may want to consider the new Power Compacts which produces a greater light intensity and will help your aquarium growth. These have a life span of up to two years and are economical to purchase.

The most intense lighting is metal halide. If your reef aquarium tank is deep that is a much better option because this lighting can penetrate depths beyond twenty inches. Metal halide can also help to beautify your tank by producing sparkling glitter lines. This is a nice attractive feature of the metal halide lighting that your do not achieve with fluorescent lighting.

The technology of lighting is getting better and they are now much more energy-efficient than ever before. This will save you money and energy costs. Because lighting is so crucial for your tank you should spend any extra money you have on good lighting choices. This will pay dividends for the success of your tank and will provide you with hours of joy and amusement. It would be in your best interest to do some reading and research into the lighting process with a reef tank.

The best thing a beginner can do is talk with your local dealer, talk with other owners, and do some research and reading about the subject. If you find the opportunity, join an interest group where you can learn from others about the techniques that work for a reef aquarium. Knowledge and education are your best friends when it comes time to explore this great hobby.

Before you go, I have the detailed specifications on the Red Sea Max 130D aquarium. It’s a great one for getting started with reef aquariums.










Please thumbs up on stumble if you like this! Hi all, it’s been a while, but better late than never I guess 😉 After battling montipora eating nudibranch for 2 months, I thought I had won the fight, only to discover that a calcium overdose had slowed them down. ( I had reached 1000 instead of 400-500 we are aiming for!) So when the calcium problem got solved (still killed a bunch of corals), the nudis got back stronger than ever and ate pretty much all the montis available. So here is the tank 8 months after a heartbreaking battle that I lost. I plan on adding new corals in july, so stay tuned. Started in february 2008, 6 ft, 130g display, 70g sump, 3x MH 400W 14 000 K Hamilton lights, 1x tunze 6080, 2x hydor koralia 4, 1x koralia 1, usa current 1/3 hp chiller, reeflo 200 skimmer, ph monitor, refractometer, cheato and caulerpa in sump+ 70 lbs live rock, fans, 1x 250 watt heater, 30g water reserve, 100 gpd RO/DI, Deltec H20 salt… SONG BY PHANTOGRAM : MOUTHFUL OF DIAMONDS Thanks for all the comments, until next video, Ganzel

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Lighting For Your Reef Tank

Article by Devin Gilliland

Proper lighting is one of the most important factors for the success of your reef tank. Reef tanks contain corals, and corals are photosensitive. These beautifully colored aquatic animals require light to thrive in their own habitat. Naturally, they absorb the sunrays that enter into the water. Hence, the lighting arrangement you provide must at least try to replicate their natural environment. Then, esthetics comes into play too. Without the right kind of lighting, you will not be able to do proper justice to the inhabitants of your reef tank.

The first thing to consider about lighting up reef tanks is how much light you will be needing. The amount of light depends in a major way on the types of corals you are using in the tank. If your corals are photosensitive, then you will certainly need more light. Photosensitive corals can even die in the absence of proper lighting. Reef lighting must be ideally 4 to 6 watts per gallon if the tank houses mostly low light sensitivity coral, but it must be up to 10 watts per gallon if the coral is highly light sensitive. At the same time, the depth of the tank is also to be taken into account. Since all kinds of aquarium reef lighting are placed on top of the tank, their intensity will decrease as the light travels downwards. That is why taller reef tanks must have more intense lights than the squat ones.

The most popular kinds of lighting available for reef tanks are the fluorescent tubes. The VHO (Very High Output) fluorescent tubes are the most commonly used. These tubes produce light that is very close to natural light, and hence they are well suited to reef tanks. They produce very good intensities too (110 watts per 4 feet), which make them an economical choice. The VHO fluorescent tubes spread the light very evenly within the tank, which is good for temperature distribution. VHO fluorescent tubes are available in two natural colors – the full spectrum white (also known as the daylight tubes) that imitates sunlight and the actinic blue that closely resembles the bluish color of the ocean bottom. It is a good idea to buy a reef light that is a mixture of 50% of spectrum and 50% of actinic blue (such mixture lights are available).

For those who do not mind spending a few extra dollars on their reef tank lighting, the power compact fluorescent lights are the best options. These are fluorescent tubes that are bent several times and attached to a power source from only one end. The advantage of these lights is that they occupy a very small space within the tank, but give better light than the VHO fluorescent lights do. A 55-watt power compact fluorescent light will produce as much light as a 95 watt VHO fluorescent light. They are also power saving, and work for a very long time.

Another option is to go for the metal halide lights. Metal halide lights are good at throwing light in the reef tank, but they are not good for distributing light within the tank. Due to this reason, the tank can get hot due to inadequate temperature distribution. However, metal halide lights are good for prohibiting the growth of algae within the tank. The metal halide lights are the cheapest among the different form of reef lighting.

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How you can select the best fish tank lighting

Article by Derrek Poutch

Usually folks get the thought that getting a good aquarium is just about being sure you’ve got clean water as well as wholesome fish. Preferred belief is the fact that this really is accomplished by repeatedly cleaning the fish tank in addition to managing the meals the fish consume. Without neglecting these items you will discover there are other sorts of variables which impact aquarium health, lights are of probably the most vital yet generally neglected.

Different illumination meets unique wants. Dependent on exactly what your current wants are you currently will have to have distinct kinds of lighting. Irrespective of no matter if you realize sufficient to find out what type of lighting you will need, you are going to nonetheless possess a huge wide variety of lighting to choose from.

Nearly all aquariums are freshwater. If your fish tank is freshwater then you may have much less to be concerned about in relation to tank lighting. For the novice, the majority of new aquariums include lights included and normally this really is sufficient for your wants.

You should maintain your lighting on a regimen where it’s turned on for half the day and switched off for half the day. The fish would naturally have this period of lighting had been they in the wild. By maintaining the lighting on a 12 hour pattern they will remain at their healthiest and happiest.

The two principal lighting types are fluorescent and incandescent. Frequently folks do not understand that both of these types of lighting differ and merely obtain the least highly-priced solution or merely whatever they can discover. Each sorts of lighting will function fine but they have their strengths and so work best with certain situations.

The all round most effective type of lighting to get an aquarium of regarded as to be the fluorescent lighting. This is due to the likeness to sunshine that fluorescent presents. We wish the lighting in the tank for your fish to be as close as attainable to natural sunshine. Aquarium lighting becomes much more significant when we own fish tank plants within the aquarium because they call for lighting for nourishment. In case you have aquarium plants and they are unhealthy then it is likely that you simply require to upgrade your lighting or your fish health may well commence to degrade quickly also.

By comparison, in case your aquarium has algae growing in it then this is almost certainly a dilemma with an excessive amount of lighting and you need to take action. Don’t forget, if your plants appear bad and are not thriving you probably have to have a lot more lights. In case you are improving your fish tank lighting make sure to look for lighting inside the blue spectrum as plants and fish alike react well to this. Sadly blue usually tends to make the aquarium look dull so it is possible to get lighting with red and green within the colour assortment also so that your aquarium tank appears finest.

Having spare bulbs for your aquarium can also be nicely recommended, over time the bulbs will wear out and lose their light intensity. You would like to avoid this so change your bulbs often. An excellent measure would be to change your bulbs every single half year to ensure that your tank says well lit and healthy.

Just like humans, fish have to have sunlight to stay wholesome. We supply this sunlight through he fish tank lighting. With no this provide of healthy light your fish will die so excellent aquarium tank lighting is necessary. It is often advised not to take the inexpensive option when shopping for fish tank lighting for this cause. When you do take the affordable selection your fish may possibly get sick and you may notice the difference whenever you do purchase good quality tank lighting. For anyone who is ever in doubt it is possible to be assured it is far better to go with the stronger lighting. Place your dollars in leading excellent fish tank lighting as well as your will not have any regrets.

Aquarium lighting for reef tanks

Article by Peter Cunningham

A topic that is not discussed very often is aquarium lighting for reef tanks. Although this topic is not discussed very much it is very important within a salt water reef tank.

After water quality the next most important thing is aquarium lighting for reef tanks, followed closely by water movement.

Water quality gives the tank stability as well as providing the corals with the essential elements. Aquarium lighting provides the corals with energy which they then use to grow. Water movement allows nutrients to be delivered to the corals for them to feed upon, as well as washing away waste. Water movement is also essential when natural filtration is used in the reef tank.

Inside all corals are millions upon millions of what is called symbiotic algae. The only exceptions are those corals which are classified as non-photosynthetic. These obtain their energy from feeding rather than from light itself. Photosynthetic corals obtain their primary source of energy from light and then also actively feed to obtain more energy. The symbiotic algae within the corals obtain energy from the light and then pass this energy on to the coral itself – a match made in heaven!

Different corals have different lighting requirements. For example, short polyp stony corals require much more intense lighting than soft corals do.

When choosing aquarium lighting for reef tanks you need to check two things in your reef tank. The first is the corals themselves, so that you can ascertain their requirements, and the other is the depth of the aquarium itself. Checking the depth is important as light can only penetrate so far into water before the colour is removed. It is amazing how quickly water can remove colour from light.

The depth of your aquarium as well as the corals you keep will determine which type of lighting you require. For example, if you keep soft corals then you could possibly just use fluorescent tubes. However, if you keep short polyp stony corals then metal halide lighting will be required. The depth needs to be checked because if you have a deep aquarium then the colour might not penetrate to the bottom of the aquarium. Water has the ability to be able to strip out colour at an amazing rate, therefore if you have a deep aquarium you will need lighting of enough power to be able to push the light to the bottom of the aquarium.

Another component of aquarium lighting for reef tanks which needs to be considered is that of Kelvin. Kelvin is the colour output and the higher the rating in the Kelvin scale the bluer the light will be. At the other end of the scale the lower the rating the more yellow/red it will be. Normally in a reef aquarium a Kelvin rating of 10,000K to 13,000K is utilised. This is a white/blue colour which replicates life on the reef at a depth of about 30m.

When placing corals into your reef aquarium you will need to first check what their lighting requirements are and then place them at the bottom of the reef tank and slowly move them up over time until they are in their final position.

Peter Cunningham and John Cunningham combined have been keeping salt water aquarium’s for nearly 35 years. Their website Salt Water Aquarium provides a wealth of resources for learning how to start and maintain salt water aquariums.










Saltwater Aquarium Lighting

Article by richard

The type of lighting that we will select for use in our saltwater aquarium is largely dependant upon the grouping of livestock that we will select to inhabit the tank. Regular cycles of light are commonly used to simulate day and night for fish and invertebrates. This encourages a feel of a natural environment among our livestock, cultivating the proper periods of rest and similar such circumstances that are most conducive to their successful and healthy adaptations to our aquariums.

Tanks containing only fish and live rock do not commonly require overly specific lighting techniques. However, invertebrates and the required propagation of various forms of algae that are commonly needed indeed calls for more specific and customized lighting. Choices for lighting our tanks include natural sunlight, Light Emitting Diode (LED), various forms of fluorescent bulbs, and metal halide lights.

Natural sunlight is only effective as a light source for a saltwater aquarium in geographic areas located in the vicinity of the equator. This is due to the levels of intensity of sunlight found in such areas. Such aquarist techniques involving the use of sunlight and in the vicinity of the equator are only implemented among large reef tanks. In tanks that are much more commonly found among hobbyists throughout the world, natural sunlight is avoided as a light source as it is potentially detrimental to many forms of livestock for a variety of reasons.

LED sources have a great deal of potential. The jury is somewhat still out on the extent of their practicality and effectiveness, however, so it can depend on which expert we ask as to how they will evaluate LED. One way or the other, the aquarist community would be well served to keep a watchful eye on evolving technological developments among LED light sources, as implications currently include advances in lighting schedules, simulations of lunar lighting, and even the effective simulation of cloud coverage.

Different types of fluorescent bulbs all have about the same intensity, but it is their various shapes and reflectors that result in their unique specifications. The newer fluorescents have improved reflectors, allowing more amounts of light into the aquarium than in years past. The more recently designed bulbs are a bit more costly to maintain than their predecessors, so some aquarists continue to use traditional fluorescent lighting sources.

Metal halide lights are comparable in practicality to fluorescent lighting. Many aquarists consider the primary difference to be that metal halide may be concentrated into specific areas of the tank while fluorescent light is distributed evenly. Metal halide lighting systems are usually more of a financial investment than fluorescent lights, but are required for certain reef tanks.

Overall, it will depend on the specific types of livestock that we desire to maintain as to the importance of our choice for lighting. This is of course directly related to the amount that we should be willing to invest in our lighting and the extents that we will go to achieve and maintain our optimal light conditions.

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Saltwater Tank Lighting Systems Explained In Detail. In this educational video, I discuss the importance of saltwater and reef aquarium lighting for your live rock and corals. Covered in the video is Standard Fluorescent Lighting, Power Compact Fluorescents, T5, Metal Halides and LED systems. By NewYorkSteelo. www.newyorksteelo.com
Video Rating: 4 / 5

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