Tag Archives: Coral

Starting A Marine or Coral Reef Aquarium

A marine aquarium is an aquarium that keeps marine plants and animals in a contained environment. Marine aquaria are further subdivided by hobbyists into fish only (FO), fish only with live rock (FOWLR), and reef aquaria.

Fish only tanks often showcase large or aggressive marine fish species and generally rely on mechanical and chemical filtration. FOWLR and reef tanks use live rock, a material composed of coral skeletons harboring beneficial nitrogen waste metabolizing bacteria, as a means of more natural biological filtration.

Marine fish keeping is different from its freshwater counterpart because of the fundamental differences in the constitution of saltwater and the resulting differences in the adaptation of its inhabitants. A stable marine aquarium requires more equipment than freshwater systems, and generally requires more stringent water quality monitoring.[1] The inhabitants of a marine aquarium are often difficult to acquire and are usually more expensive than freshwater aquarium inhabitants. However, the inhabitants of saltwater aquariums are usually much more spectacular than freshwater aquarium fish.

A reef aquarium or reef tank is an marine aquarium that prominently displays live corals and other marine invertebrates as well as fish that play a role in maintaining the coral reef environment. A reef aquarium requires appropriately intense lighting, turbulent water movement, and more stable water chemistry than fish-only marine aquaria, and careful consideration is given to which reef animals are appropriate and compatible with each other.

Its a lot of work and many [people use an aquarium maintenance service to handle it.

What equipment is needed? Most modern aquarium equipment is designed to be functional in either salt or fresh water, but it is important to select quality, reliable supplies. It hardly pays to save six dollars on a heater or ten dollars on a filter system and risk the loss of twenty or thirty dollar fish. Contrary to some opinions, under gravel filters are not essential in saltwater aquariums. Many of our customers have had success using the sort of equipment that we include in our “PRO” setups; deluxe heaters, outside power filters and air stones. The only necessary additions to a good freshwater setup are special gravel (crushed coral), sea salt mix, and a hydrometer.

Are saltwater fish hard to keep? Just as in freshwater, there are some species that are usually quite sturdy and some that challenge even the experts. The “Marine Care and Compatibility Table” portion of this guide is meant to help the hobbyist choose fish and invertebrates appropriate for his level of expertise. In addition, the individual specimen should be observed closely before purchase. Sometimes an individual or group of even the most hardy variety will have been subjected to just one too many changes, and will become weak or sickly or will refuse to eat. We will try to help in choosing healthy specimens as much as possible.

Checklist of Items Needed to Start an Maintain a Saltwater Aquarium

The items listed here are pieces of equipment and components that are fundamental for setting up and running a saltwater aquarium or reef tank system.


You need to decide where you want to put your aquarium, determine what size you want or may only have room for, whether you want an acrylic or glass tank, and choose a style that will best fit into the spot you have picked out to display it.


The type of lighting you choose will be based on the type of system you have planned to set up, as well as what kind of livestock you will be keeping in it.

Skimmers, Filters & Filtration Equipment

Once again, what type of system you are going to set up will help you determine which kind of filters and filtration system to choose.


Depending on the size of your aquarium, the use one or several power heads is an excellent way to provide good water circulation throughout the system.

Live Rock & Substrate

Here you need to decide on what type of material you want on the bottom of the tank, as well as whether you want to start with a live or non-living medium. Live Rock plays an important role in a marine tank. Many marine animals, fish in particular, can be quite territorial. It is important to provide ample shelter or places where the animals can hide, sleep, and avoid potential problems with aggression from other tank mates in the confined space of an aquarium.

Sea Salt Mix/Saltwater & Hydrometer

Sea salts are what make an aquarium a saltwater or marine aquarium. Also referred to as a salinity tester, this item measures the specific gravity or salt content of the water.Heater &


For smaller aquariums one heater works well, but for larger systems the use of multiple units is advised. With stick-on, floating, multi-function remote digital sensor, and many other types of units to pick from, the material a thermometer is made of is an important factor when choosing one as well.

Air Pump & Air Stones

Only needed if you are going to run a piece of equipment that requires these items, such as a counter-current protein skimmer.

Test Kits,Additives & Supplements

For live rock and reef tank systems, calcium (a.k.a. limewater/kalkwasser) needs to be added. Other supplemental vitamins or additives that are beneficial to the health of certain marine inhabitants you may be keeping, such a iodine for crustaceans, are important as well.

Maintenance Tools & Supplies

This category includes having items on hand such as a various sized plastic buckets or containers, tank cleaning tools such as a siphon tube/hose, an algae scraper or magnet, as well as nets of different sizes, spare equipment replacements parts, and so on. A good way to keep track of what maintenance tasks you have preformed and when is to keep a log book or record of everything you do.

Benefits of Live Coral

If you are looking into getting a saltwater fish tank, you should look into what kind you need for your home or office. To start, live coral is very important to have in your saltwater fish tank. Live coral aquariums are great for coral frays because they keep the fish happy and healthy. When it comes to getting and caring for your fish and live coral, you should know that in order to fasten the frays to the live coral, you can use “Hold Fast”. This is helpful and if you don’t know what it is just epoxy that is kind of like to other sorts of epoxy used for piping and such.

It is helpful because the glue will quickly be unkempt by coralline seaweed or the live coral will also grow over it. It is additionally helpful to know that live coral are leaving the ocean’s ordinary reefs. When you are looking into live coral, it is important to think about the fact that there have been several studies on the payback of live coral. It is good to know that the literature on this live coral has shown that there are some suitable details underneath the use of live coral for illness and a way to use it to get rid of imminent medical issues. This means that they are good for your aquarium and the fish in your salt water aquarium such as damselfish.

These fish are the most popular saltwater starter fish and their status arises from their bright colors and cheap price of this sort of salt water fish. These damselfish are very attractive to new hobbyists but its important to know that the downside is their aggressive behavior towards other fish in the aquarium. Some people are not aware that the least aggressive damselfish and one of the most colorful is the yellow tailed damselfish. This type of fish is bright blue with a striking yellow tail and it enjoys live coral as well.

Aquarium Fish Tank Pink Coral Shaped Decoration Ornament

Aquarium Fish Tank Pink Coral Shaped Decoration Ornament

Aquarium Fish Tank Pink Coral Shaped Decoration Ornament

  • Product Name: Aquarium Plastic Plant
  • Design: Coral Shaped
  • Material: Plastic
  • Total Size: ~9 x 5 x 14cm / 3.5″ x 2″ x 5.5″(Bottom. L * W * Total H)
  • Weight: 124g

Color: Pink;
Package Content: 1 x Aquarium Plastic Plant;
Add a touch of color for your blank and tedious fish tank with this lifelike coral ornament;
Suitable for both fresh and salt water, no-toxi and easy for daily washing;

List Price: $ 7.00

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Coral Reef Fishes – Adaptations For Life On The Reef

Article by William Alevizon PhD

Of the myriad creatures that inhabit coral reefs, none are more obvious, colorful, or fascinating to watch than the fishes that live there. Hundreds of species may be found in relatively small areas of reef, with many of these small, well camouflaged, or hidden.

Coral reefs are unusually complex and colorful marine environments. The physical structure of these unique marine habitats differs radically from the open water habitats that comprise over 99% of the world’s oceans, with a diversity of life unmatched in any other marine ecosystem. Therefore, it is not surprising that resident fishes have developed a number of specialized adaptations for life in these colorful and complex habitats.

The best way to gain a true appreciation of the amazing swimming skills of coral reef fishes is to simply hover motionless or swim very slowly above a coral reef at the best Caribbean snorkeling spot you can find, and watch for a while.

Body Shape

The body shape of most species of fish that associate closely with coral reefs differs substantially from the shapes of “typical” open water fishes. The latter are generally built for speed, and have evolved appropriate torpedo-like shapes that offer low frictional resistance to movement through water.

However, in the complex reef environment, a premium is placed upon maneuverability rather than sheer speed. Thus, coral reef fish have evolved a body plan that maximizes their ability to make rapid turns, avoiding swift predators by quickly dodging into fissures in the reef or swiftly circling around coral heads.

The essence of this design is a deep and laterally compressed body (shaped like a pancake), as well exemplified by the angelfishes and butterflyfishes. A less obvious but critical aspect of this altered body plan includes a shift (compared to open water fishes) in the placement and orientation of the pectoral and pelvic fins, which act in concert with the flattened body shape to maximize maneuverability.


Perhaps the most striking feature of coral reef fishes is the variety of brilliant and sometimes bizarre color patterns that adorn them. Again, the use of such color patterns in reef fishes contrasts starkly with the usual color patterns of open water fishes which typically are silvery.

The reasons for the bright and varied color patterns of coral reef fishes has been debated for some time. In some cases, the patterns appear to facilitate concealment under certain conditions, as when the fish is resting in particular places. In other cases, coloration may be used in species recognition to assure mating success. Sometimes, bright contrasting colors are used to warn predators of venomous spines or flesh so as to avoid “mistaken” attacks.

Feeding Structures

With the unusual variety of prey items available to coral reef fishes, it is not surprising that many species have evolved highly specialized jaws, mouths and teeth suited to particular kinds of prey.

For example, “food specialists” like the butterflyfishes (Chaetodontidae) have evolved protruding mouths that are in essence forceps armed with fine teeth – a combination well suited to nipping the coral polyps that are the primary food source of these fishes. Similarly, the parrotfishes (Scaridae) have evolved a beak-like mouth ideally suited for scraping algae from hard coral surfaces.

In contrast, many other common reef-dwelling fishes such as snappers (Lutjanidae) are generalized feeders that have retained a more “typical” mouth and jaw structure that enables them to utilize a wide variety of prey.

There is still much to learn about this fascinating group of fishes, and the adaptations that have collectively made them such a diverse and successful part of the reef fauna.

William Alevizon PhD is a professional marine biologist, author, and scuba instructor who writes on a variety of topics related to ocean life and coral reefs. To learn about the best Caribbean snorkeling destinations for fish watching, visit our website.

Like other puffer fish, a coral reef porcupine fish has spines that are used as defense mechanisms. Identify porcupine fish withtips from a scuba instructor in this free video about coral reef animals. Expert: Don Stark Bio: Don Stark is a PADI Open Water Scuba Instructor with over 20 years of active diving experience. Filmmaker: Demand Media

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Blue Soft Silicone Aquarium Fish Tank Coral Ornament Decor

Blue Soft Silicone Aquarium Fish Tank Coral Ornament Decor

  • Blue Soft Silicone Aquarium Fish Tank Coral Ornament Decor
  • Unique design Aquarium Blue Coral allows you to create tank style
  • This Blue Aquarium Coral is made of soft silicone material with anchor base
  • This Coral Ornament offers realistic scenery without the hassle of keeping live plants, which fishes can eat or uproot
  • It measures approx. 3.5″ diameter, 2.6″ high; Base Diameter: ~1.9″ diameter

Package Included: 1 x Aquarium Coral Decor;
Add beauty and realism to your aquarium with this Fish Tank Coral;
Stone anchor base hold gravel to firmly keep the plant in place

List Price: $ 5.89

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Marine Aquariums Coral Reef Impact

Marine Aquariums Coral Reef Impact
The islanders quickly learned that this was far more profitable than blowing up coral reefs for limestone and began exporting live fish for aquariums . In these cases, the saltwater aquarium trade has been as asset, both economically and environmentally …
Read more on FishChannel.com

Aquarium Wave Makers
Most reefkeepers agree that water movement, just for the sake of debris suspension, is very important to water quality and overall aquarium health. Now if you plan only on keeping certain saltwater fish , water movement may not be as crucial. …
Read more on FishChannel.com

Saltwater Fish , Freshwater Dips
Dechlorinated tap water is usually fine, but use a commercial pH buffer to raise the pH to 8.0 to 8.2 if necessary. Use a thermometer to check if the temperature of the fresh water is the same as that in your aquarium — few tropical marine fish …
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How to Create and Care for a Coral Aquarium

Article by Li Ming Wong

Many aquarium owners crave to someday own a saltwater tank displaying numerous kinds of coral. This may be achieved is fast easy steps if you use coral starter kits to grow your own coral. This is recommended over buying coral from a store. By growing your own, you ensure it is properly acclimated to your tank. Setting up and caring for the coral aquarium, or reef aquarium is a task that requires a bit of knowledge before starting. There are some steps to take when setting up a new coral aquarium. The process may seem to take a long time, and because of this, many people opt to use fake coral instead. However, the time spent waiting will be well worth it when you are later able to display your own coral aquarium. If you follow some simple steps and have patience for about 12 weeks, you will be able to create and own your piece of underwater paradise.

To begin, the first thing to do is assemble your aquarium. Find a spot in the home that you wish to have it displayed. Follow through with the set up as you would a freshwater tank. When you are ready to add the water to the tank, follow these simple steps. First, pour the sand into the bottom of the tank. Add dechlorinated water to the tank. Next, add the salt and make sure it is mixed until the specific gravity measures 1.205. After the water and salt are added, arrange your live rock as desired and install the heater and the hood of the tank. After doing these things, you must then wait 4 weeks to move ahead.

After the four weeks has passed, you will then add your first living creatures to the tank. It is best to add fish later, and slowly as to make sure the salt balance in the tank is correct and remains that way. At this time, you can add a variety of snails or crabs if you wish to have them part of your tank. You will also need to install a protein skimmer. The tank should be functioning as if it were full of fish. Make sure the filters are working properly and the lighting is right. Remember not to leave the light on for more than 10 to 12 hours a day as it may promote algae growth. After adding some snails or crabs, wait another 2 weeks before proceeding.

Now at week 6, you will add your first pieces of coral. There are many types of coral used in saltwater coral aquariums. Some of the most common are Button Polyp, Yellow Polyp, Hairy Mushroom Coral and Bullseye Mushroom Coral. Make sure when adding your coral, it is attached to the live rock at the bottom of the tank. Wait another 2 weeks. Don’t get frustrated… you’re almost there! During the eighth week, you can add Aquacultured Coral such as Pumping Xenia, Starburst Polyps and Spaghetti Finger Leather Coral to name a few. Place these corals into the live rock as you did with the previous set of coral.

Now you have succeeded in creating your reef aquarium. During the course of the 10 to 12 week mark, you may begin adding your fish to your underwater world. It may seem a long drawn out process to get a coral aquarium up and running, but the time and hard work will pay off for years to come. Creating and caring for your coral aquarium will bring you much enjoyment and a wonderful sense of accomplishment for creating a spectacular coral aquarium.

Click here for Everything You Need To Know About Aquarium and Fish Care Tactics.

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Live Coral for Beginners

Article by Groshan Fabiola

It’s possible to maintain a beautiful reef aquarium with nothing but live coral; you really don’t need fish to create a colorful and lively environment. Before you start looking at all the live coral for sale, though, it’s important to learn a few things about this fascinating animal and find out which varieties are better for beginners. It’s also good to learn about the species of saltwater fish such as the Golden Butterfly that are known to nip at sessile invertebrates including coral and tridacnid clams. There is no reason you can’t combine fish and coral but you must know which varieties are compatible with one another before putting them together.

If you’re looking at live coral for sale and this is your first time setting up a reef aquarium, it would be wise to consider breeds such as the Bubble Coral, Soft Corals and Green Star Polyps, because they are easier to maintain for a beginner. Bubble Coral is a large polyped stony coral that comes in white, tan and green, and it is a good variety for a beginner because it is easy to care for, will eat solid foods and will tolerate lower light levels. Soft Corals include many types of live coral that are ideal for beginners because they grow fast and are easy to care for in medium light settings. Green Star Polyps, which are an exotic shade of neon green, will grow fast and thrive in almost any type of aquarium system as long as there is good water flow to keep dirt and debris away.

Once you figure out what kind of live coral you want for your aquarium, then you can decide whether you also want to add fish or if you just want to stick with corals. Some species of fish such as Golden Butterfly require large amounts of live rock for grazing and are known to nip at sessile invertebrates including coral, so they might not be a good idea if you want your corals to thrive. But for every fish that is not compatible with coral there are several other varieties that are perfect when paired with live corals in the home aquarium.

Basically, you just want to get some advice from the experts before taking home any fish or coral. This will help avoid disasters and disappointments down the road.

For more resources regarding live cultured corals or even about los angeles fish store and especially about Marine Fish Sale please review these pages.

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Top 4 Aquarium Coral Reefs for Beginners

Article by Marian Fisher

A reef aquarium is different from a traditional saltwater fish tank because it contains a truly fascinating addition. This addition is the live coral that you can buy and place in your fish tank. With their vivid colors and gently swaying movements, you will find that the addition of live coral to your tank will bring it a special beauty. In the past, keeping coral reefs in a saltwater fish tank has provided a challenge for many beginning aquarium owners.

Like many other types of products, there have been advances that make owing a reef aquarium much easier so that even a beginner can enjoy the beauty and depth that a coral reef can offer to their aquarium. However, there are still a few hardy coral reefs that are just right for a beginner to use.

Most of the coral reefs listed below are tolerant of light conditions that do not required an expensive and complicated lighting system to maintain. The listed coral reefs also tend to be fast growing and easy to care for. This means that, in many instances, you will need to do little to encourage your coral reef to grow and expand. For more information, read on below.

Mushroom corals: These coral reefs make an ideal addition to a beginners reef aquarium. Mushroom coral are very striking in the appearance that gives them their names. This is because they come in a wide range of colors that will grow quite well in lower light conditions. You will not need to invest in an expensive lighting system in order to enjoy long living coral reefs that grow quickly.

Bubble corals: A large and stony polyped coral, known also as LPS by people from within the hobby, bubble corals also thrive in lower light conditions. In addition, they are noted for their ease of care and the fact that they eat solid foods. Bubble coral comes in green, white and tan. By mixing the different colors, you will be able to have a unique arrangement of colorful and easy to care for coral in your saltwater fish tank. They should not be located in an area that enjoys a high flow of water or the might not open fully. Other members of the LPS family are also pretty and easy to care as well.

Green star polyp coral: With their impressive neon green coloring and the fact that they need to be located in an area of active water flow, these coral reefs make the perfect addition any beginners reef aquarium. In addition to their eye catching neon green coloring, green star polyp coral also looks quite impressive with their unique star shapes that will add a depth and beauty to your saltwater fish tank. They grow very well in medium light and will often grow so quickly that they spread along the back of your aquarium.

Soft corals: Because these corals are very quick to grow and easy to care for, they make a great addition to any beginner’s reef aquarium. They add a rhythmic movement that is slow and mesmerizing to your aquarium. Soft corals are also tolerant of different water conditions and will find medium light to their liking as well. You do need to be aware that these corals eat solid food as well.

Before you go, I have the detailed specifications on the Red Sea Max 130 aquarium. It’s a great one for getting started with reef aquariums.

David Saxby and his amazing marine aquarium
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