Tag Archives: aquarium

Starting A Marine or Coral Reef Aquarium

A marine aquarium is an aquarium that keeps marine plants and animals in a contained environment. Marine aquaria are further subdivided by hobbyists into fish only (FO), fish only with live rock (FOWLR), and reef aquaria.

Fish only tanks often showcase large or aggressive marine fish species and generally rely on mechanical and chemical filtration. FOWLR and reef tanks use live rock, a material composed of coral skeletons harboring beneficial nitrogen waste metabolizing bacteria, as a means of more natural biological filtration.

Marine fish keeping is different from its freshwater counterpart because of the fundamental differences in the constitution of saltwater and the resulting differences in the adaptation of its inhabitants. A stable marine aquarium requires more equipment than freshwater systems, and generally requires more stringent water quality monitoring.[1] The inhabitants of a marine aquarium are often difficult to acquire and are usually more expensive than freshwater aquarium inhabitants. However, the inhabitants of saltwater aquariums are usually much more spectacular than freshwater aquarium fish.

A reef aquarium or reef tank is an marine aquarium that prominently displays live corals and other marine invertebrates as well as fish that play a role in maintaining the coral reef environment. A reef aquarium requires appropriately intense lighting, turbulent water movement, and more stable water chemistry than fish-only marine aquaria, and careful consideration is given to which reef animals are appropriate and compatible with each other.

Its a lot of work and many [people use an aquarium maintenance service to handle it.

What equipment is needed? Most modern aquarium equipment is designed to be functional in either salt or fresh water, but it is important to select quality, reliable supplies. It hardly pays to save six dollars on a heater or ten dollars on a filter system and risk the loss of twenty or thirty dollar fish. Contrary to some opinions, under gravel filters are not essential in saltwater aquariums. Many of our customers have had success using the sort of equipment that we include in our “PRO” setups; deluxe heaters, outside power filters and air stones. The only necessary additions to a good freshwater setup are special gravel (crushed coral), sea salt mix, and a hydrometer.

Are saltwater fish hard to keep? Just as in freshwater, there are some species that are usually quite sturdy and some that challenge even the experts. The “Marine Care and Compatibility Table” portion of this guide is meant to help the hobbyist choose fish and invertebrates appropriate for his level of expertise. In addition, the individual specimen should be observed closely before purchase. Sometimes an individual or group of even the most hardy variety will have been subjected to just one too many changes, and will become weak or sickly or will refuse to eat. We will try to help in choosing healthy specimens as much as possible.

Checklist of Items Needed to Start an Maintain a Saltwater Aquarium

The items listed here are pieces of equipment and components that are fundamental for setting up and running a saltwater aquarium or reef tank system.

Aquarium/Tank

You need to decide where you want to put your aquarium, determine what size you want or may only have room for, whether you want an acrylic or glass tank, and choose a style that will best fit into the spot you have picked out to display it.

Lighting

The type of lighting you choose will be based on the type of system you have planned to set up, as well as what kind of livestock you will be keeping in it.

Skimmers, Filters & Filtration Equipment

Once again, what type of system you are going to set up will help you determine which kind of filters and filtration system to choose.

Powerhead

Depending on the size of your aquarium, the use one or several power heads is an excellent way to provide good water circulation throughout the system.

Live Rock & Substrate

Here you need to decide on what type of material you want on the bottom of the tank, as well as whether you want to start with a live or non-living medium. Live Rock plays an important role in a marine tank. Many marine animals, fish in particular, can be quite territorial. It is important to provide ample shelter or places where the animals can hide, sleep, and avoid potential problems with aggression from other tank mates in the confined space of an aquarium.

Sea Salt Mix/Saltwater & Hydrometer

Sea salts are what make an aquarium a saltwater or marine aquarium. Also referred to as a salinity tester, this item measures the specific gravity or salt content of the water.Heater &

Thermometer

For smaller aquariums one heater works well, but for larger systems the use of multiple units is advised. With stick-on, floating, multi-function remote digital sensor, and many other types of units to pick from, the material a thermometer is made of is an important factor when choosing one as well.

Air Pump & Air Stones

Only needed if you are going to run a piece of equipment that requires these items, such as a counter-current protein skimmer.

Test Kits,Additives & Supplements

For live rock and reef tank systems, calcium (a.k.a. limewater/kalkwasser) needs to be added. Other supplemental vitamins or additives that are beneficial to the health of certain marine inhabitants you may be keeping, such a iodine for crustaceans, are important as well.

Maintenance Tools & Supplies

This category includes having items on hand such as a various sized plastic buckets or containers, tank cleaning tools such as a siphon tube/hose, an algae scraper or magnet, as well as nets of different sizes, spare equipment replacements parts, and so on. A good way to keep track of what maintenance tasks you have preformed and when is to keep a log book or record of everything you do.

How to create the custom aquarium

One of the best things about the aquarium hobby is that there are so many possibilities. When it comes to setting up a tank, your only limitation is your own imagination, and you can make that tank as simple or as elaborate as you want. From realistic recreations of freshwater and saltwater environments to whimsical flights of fancy, you can create an aquarium that is as unique as you are.

Build Your Own Coral Reef

If you have experience with saltwater tanks, you can use your aquarium to recreate the environment you would find around a coral reef. You can use an assortment of natural corals, as well as live rocks and reef invertebrates to recreate a coral reef in your own living room. Once that coral reef is in place, you can stock your tank with a variety of fish that come from natural reefs throughout the world.

Kid-Themed Tank

If you have children in the home, why not create a kid-themed aquarium based on a favorite movie or TV show. You could, for instance, create a Finding Nemo tank, complete with clownfish and place it on sphinx area rugs, or a Little Mermaid tank decorated with item related to the movie.You could also create a Sponge Bob Square Pants tank with decorations designed to look like the world of Bob and his underwater friends. You can get the kids involved and let them help pick the perfect plants and decorations to bring the theme to life.

Create Your Own Mountain Stream

Many species of freshwater fish live in streams and other small bodies of water. You can recreate their natural environment using an assortment of driftwood, rocks and natural colored gravel. You can use airstones and other water agitators to recreate the movement of the water, and stock the tank with colorful fish you might find in a local waterway.

Lake Caves

If you plan to keep cichlids, it is a good idea to recreate their natural environment as faithfully as possible. Many of the cichlids sold in pet stores originate in Africa lakes like Lake Malawi, and those fish naturally spend a lot of time in caves and crevices within the rocks.You can recreate this natural environment by providing a generous amount of rocks and arranging them to create caves a other hiding places Providing a more natural environment helps with spawning behavior and allows these engaging fish to be happier and healthier.

Caring For An Acrylic Aquarium

Keeping aquariums began in the late 1800’s. They used to look very different.  Often these old aquariums had one side made from glass, with the opposite three sides being metal or wood. Most aquariums had fish that were native to the owner’s area simply because of availability. Additionally most old style fish tanks contained only freshwater fish. The reason being that salt water would corrode the metal that held the aquarium together.

Aquariums drastically changed in the 1960’s with the invention of silicone adhesive. Metallic frames were dropped and people began to keep salt water fish and invertebrates. Just lately glass tanks have fallen away with the availability of acrylic and flexibility paid off! Acrylic aquariums are far more for forgiving than their glass counterparts. If a heavy object strikes a glass tank, it’ll likley break. The flexibility of an acrylic tank will prevent this disaster from happening. Acrylic offers more flexibility in design than glass. Acrylic aquariums have been made into every thing from coffee tables to gum ball machines.

That being said, there’s a downside to owning an acrylic aquarium. They do scratch more easily than glass. When cleaning your aquarium, be careful not to use paper towels, and harsh or abrasive chemical compounds, as they will scratch the acrylic floor of the aquarium. Always use a cleaner labeled secure for acrylic. Use plastic or rubber scrubbers, use something other than steel to wash the sides of an acrylic tank. Watch out not to unintentionally pick up a bit of substrate or gravel while cleaning the inside of the tank.

When you do occur to scratch an acrylic aquarium, all isn’t lost. The tank can be repaired, in contrast to glass. There are acrylic repair kits at specialty pet stores, your local ironmongery store and naturally online.

When buying an acrylic aquarium kit, there will be many various choices to choose from, at many various value points. Aquarium kits will be bought at places comparable to specialty aquatic pet shops, from large retail chains, or once more online. A fish lover can choose from small cylinder shaped tanks that can double as an espresso table lamp to wall huge wall sized aquariums. While, there are some basic items that will probably be included in most kits, comparable to, a filter, some substrate or coral and generally lighting, the kits themselves can vary greatly. It really doesn’t matter where you buy your starter kit, but keep in mind that it is extremely essential to buy your fish from a good dealer. Don’t buy fish which might be hovering close to the surface, or which are situated in a tank with other lifeless fish. Fish diseases are extraordinarily communicable. Be weary of a fish seller that refuses to catch a selected fish out of the tank for you. In spite of everything this is going to be your fish and you have a right to choose.Lenard U Weisenber

This is a video of how to set up the Home Aquarium Starter kit 10 from AquaCulture. I decided like five minutes after I had started setting up. So the first two steps are just words. But there is video. (Duh, that’s why it is on youtube) 😛 Enjoy and make sure to watch the next two parts.
Video Rating: 5 / 5

Essential Tips When Buying Tropical Fish For Your Aquarium

Tropical fish are beautiful creatures.Such a wide variety of species available; colors, shapes and sizes from which to choose from are also abound. It is, however, also important to realize that just as there exists great variety in appearance, so too does there exist great differences in temperament and compatibility among different species of fish. Therefore, before embarking on your first foray to buy tropical fish there are a few factors to keep in mind.

Where To Buy?

When buying fish, you are no longer limited to the selection available at your local pet store. In the present day, there are many reputable online tropical fish stores from which you can buy tropical fish and have them shipped to your home.

Brick-and-mortar pet shops provide you the advantage of being able to see the actual fish that you are about to purchase. They also allow you to browse and study different fish behaviors over time prior to purchasing. In most cases, these pet shops will also have qualified and knowledgeable staff ready to answer any question that you may have when you buy tropical fish.

Relying on internet based tropical fish stores will usually provide you with a greater diversity of available species. Although the personal contact is lost, most do provide great customer support and also provide valuable reference sections on their websites. These reference sections can be used to gain further knowledge on the behavior of different species prior to buying.

Temperament

Imagine placing together a fierce pit bull and a fluffy kitten in a small backyard. In this extreme example the disparity in temperament is quite obvious. Incredibly, many novice aquarium enthusiasts do not take temperament compatibility into consideration when selecting tropical fish. Being aware of the individual aggressiveness and compatibility of different species before you buy tropical fish is paramount. Traditionally, amongst the most mild-mannered tropical fish are the mollies, tetras and rainbow fish.

There are many sources for obtaining this type of comparative information. A good place to start is the internet, followed by your local public library. Your local aquarium or pet shop is also a good source for this type of information.

Behavior

Different species of fish will also have different behavior patterns in terms of their social interaction with other fish, eating habits and habitat preferences. This should also be taken into consideration when you buy tropical fish. Species, such as high fins, display schooling behavior. In large tanks this can provide for impressive scenes of multiple fish moving in unison. Placing such fish in small numbers or in smaller aquariums could actually be detrimental to them. Behavior can also be used to assist in keeping your tank clean. Being aware of the eating habits of catfish species would alert you to the fact that they make for effective bottom dwelling scavengers that help in keeping the tank substrate clean. Knowing the different fish species behaviors will help you obtain an aquarium that displays a rich and vibrant tapestry of behaviors. This will ensure that there is always something interesting to look at in all areas of the tank. Complementing, yet contrasting behaviors is what provides the depth of beauty to any aquarium

As long as you are aware that you must research the temperament and behavior of each species before you buy tropical fish, you will end up with an aquarium that displays the diversity that you want and that is also healthy for the fish themselves.

Aquarium lighting -Know Your Facts

When you are ready to buy the aquarium lighting, you have to choose it carefully. The perfect type of the lighting is very useful for the aquarium. That’s because the plants are depending on the light. By choosing the wrong aquarium lights, the algae will grow uncontrollably but the other plants will not.

But the light is very important for the fish too, because they need to see the swimming path and the food. The fishes should have at least 12 hours of light every day.Don’t shut down the light instantly, because the fishes will become scared. The best solution is to close the light system of the aquarium and after a few minutes to close the light of the room.

Some people choose to have a night light for their fishes. In nature this light is normal and is created by the moon.When you purchase a light system there are two important things you should look at: the spectrum of light and the brightness. The companies are making aquarium lights in many spectrum variants.

Choose a proper color for plants, which is blue or red. If you have only fishes in the aquarium choose green, yellow or the entire spectrum of light. The brightness is more difficult to establish. You must know how much light the fishes and plants need. You should know exactly how wide and deep the aquarium is. If the deepness of the aquarium is more than usual, use a strong light.

The perfect way to measure the need of light in the aquarium is the luxmeter. The light intensity is measured in luxes. An aquarium populated with freshwater plants will need around 5 000 luxes and the corals, sea-flowers and saltwater plants will need around 6 000 luxes. If the aquarium will have more light than normal, the algae will grow more than usual. That’s why it is extremely important to know the exact amount of light for the aquarium.The fluorescent tubes are the most common aquarium lightings.

They can make many colors of the spectrum and they can last around two years. Halogen and tungsten lamps are used in some aquariums, but there are not the perfect choices. Even though they are cheaper, they use more energy and lasts shorter. These kinds of lamps don’t have all the time the right color spectrum for growing plants. Ordinary house lamps are not good for aquariums because they can’t light up the entire structure in the same way.

Try not to save some money because you will lose from the quality and also the fishes and the plants will suffer. Sometimes being cheep will have a dramatic effect on the light quality. Purchasing some light that are not proper for the aquarium can destroy the entire artificial ecosystem inside of it. The best solution nowadays is to buy LED lights that last longer and have the perfect intensity and spectrum for the plants and fishes.

Aquarium Lighting: Which is Ideal for my Tank?

Once you decide to bring an aquarium into your home, you will put a lot of time, energy and money into creating a masterpiece aquarium. You have carefully selected the right style aquarium for your taste and placed it in just the right spot in your home. You spent countless hours researching saltwater fish, coral and other marine life to create a balanced and serene aquatic environment.

You’re proud of the masterpiece that you have created and now you should show it off. Lighting is just as important for the aesthetics as it is necessary for your aquarium to grow and flourish. You will want to carefully select it and knowing all of your options will aid you in making the right decision for your aquarium.

Lighting Options

Before you can select lighting, it would be helpful to understand what is available and the advantages and disadvantages of each. In order for your aquarium to thrive and looks its best, it is important to select the lighting that is recommended for your individual underwater community. In this case, one size doesn’t fit all.

Fluorescent Lighting

The most common type of aquarium lighting is fluorescent. One reason for its popularity is that it is the oldest technology available for aquariums. Secondly, it is less expensive than other types of lighting. Not only do they cost less, but they have a low operating cost and emit less heat than other bulbs. However, most fluorescent lights are not compatible with marine life. Full-spectrum fluorescent lights are the only fluorescent lights that can provide the necessary light for a healthy aquarium.

LED Lighting

LED lighting is the newest lighting technology and much more superior to any other lighting on the market. First, the LED bulbs produce considerably less heat than other bulbs and operate at a fraction of the cost of other bulbs. Additionally, these bulbs can last significantly longer than traditional fluorescent or metal halide bulbs. Some people will shy away from LED lighting because the bulbs can be more expensive than other bulbs; however, LED bulbs are the best lighting option for your saltwater aquarium. The LED lights will provide your plants and coral with a good supply of strong light so your aquarium can grow to its full potential. Another benefit to LED lighting is how your aquarium will look. LED lighting will make your whole aquarium seem brighter and colors will be sharper. If you are going to spend the time and money creating your aquarium, don’t you want to show it off in the best way possible?

Metal Halide Lighting

Metal Halide (MH) lights are amongst the strongest marine aquarium lighting available. Metal halides are ideal if you plan on keeping corals that require very high lighting. Metal halides are particularly effective when combined with other types of fluorescent lighting. MH lights are also ideal for deep aquariums because the light can penetrate approximately 24 inches deep. However, MH bulbs tend to produce a great amount of heat and may require that you use a chiller. If financial investment is a concern, it is also good to know that MH bulbs are expensive to purchase. So unless your specific aquarium requires these types of lights, it may be more economical to choose a different type of lighting technology.

There are many aquarium lighting options to choose from. It is important to consider lighting as a factor when purchasing an aquarium. Do your research. Decide on marine life you would like to keep and design your lighting scheme to allow your marine life flourish.

Tropical Fish Lovers – If You’re Gonna Have a Saltwater Aquarium, Do It Right!

Article by Jami Kartr

Not just any goober can be a effective and experienced aquarist. This is a techniques for actual men, and in some conditions females. Having said that, it is truly one of the most pleasurable needs around. All over the team kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of species of fish tanks are known for their treatment options impact on everyone that makes a selection them, and there are few elements more enjoyable than developing a “mini ocean” in the property.Although a effective all over the group bundle features many different elements – all over the group kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of types of fish, of course, or if you want a all over the group bundle you may only have a variety of unusual obstacle, keep be mountain which usually raises a legitimate understanding of balanced bacteria and little creatures that keep your seaside balanced, keep be mud which needs up spend from your clear water, and of course a important number of invertebrates. But the “piece de resistance” – the part of your all over the group bundle system that is the center of it’s inhabitants, and the key to your accomplishments, is the aquarium’s lighting style results design results design results. Although you can certainly get started with whatever bundle lighting style results comes with your all over the group bundle package, later you will want to know how lighting style results design results design results choices can improve your all over the group bundle experience. Luckily for you, extraordinary success have been made in package lighting style results lately. While LED aquarium lighting has complete been well-known for evening time a while time a while package lighting style results, they have lately become the best option for time lighting style results also. One primary reason is that it needs less potential to run an LED relaxing, and consequently the benefits can be as high as 70%! They have a longer business life and give your package a eye-catching factor when it comes to getting hot. All over the team package lighting style results is a large topic and any selection should be associated with review. You can find a whole lot content online – just the the google post submission sites. Another awesome way to get started is to talk about to the team at your regional of species of fish store. After all, they are going to be your assistance team in your new action, and they will know a lot more off the bat about what you need to do to get started with your new little beach. And regional types of types of types of types of types of types of types of types of types of species of fish shops are the best way to really get a feel for the effect that around the team tanks can have on your feelings and your life.

Aquatic Dreams in Layton, Ut has a number of useful people that regularly response concerns for people all the way from Los Angeles, Florida to Chicago, illinois. Have a look at them out and have fun with a new interesting hobby!










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Freshwater Aquarium Setup

Article by Kevin Smith

Where to place your aquarium

Placing the aquarium in the right spot is also essential. Putting an aquarium in the direct sunlight can make it too warm, and also disrupt the lighting cycle you want to create with your tank’s own lighting. Place your tank in a place where it will get just normal, filtered light from windows. Wash the tank thoroughly before placing anything inside. You can use water and salt but no soap as soap residue can kill fish.

Substrates are not all the same

Next, get your substrate (gravel), plants, and other structures, such as logs or driftwood and wash all of them thoroughly. One way to wash the substrate is to put it in a pasta/vegetable strainer and run water through it. You can choose from three sizes of substrate: small stones and pebbles, medium-sized stones and pebbles, or large rocks which can cover much of the bottom of the tank. The best choice is in the middle–medium-sized rocks and pebbles. No matter what the substrate is, everyone will refer to it as gravel. Some kinds of substrate can affect the pH of the water. Stay away from slate, shells, onyx, lava rock, geodes, quartz, dolomite, limestone, and other similar substances.

Aquarium fill-up

Put your clean substrate in the aquarium and then the heater, plants and other structures. Wash all of them off so no diseases can be transferred once the fish have been placed in the tank. Next, freshwater aquarium setup is going to mean filling the tank with water. Try to use distilled water that has been sitting at room temperature. If you have to use tap water and you have a city or town water supply, you will have to add an aquarium chlorine remover every time before you can add new water to the tank. Put the heater in the tank, let it adjust to the water temperature before turning it on (15 minutes), and then install the tank light and hood.

Patience is a virtue.

Plug everything in and turn it on. And then be very patient. The aquarium has to go through a nitrogen cycle, which can take as long as six weeks. Then you need to test the pH level, ammonia level, nitrate and nitrite levels. If all are within range (check the test kit instructions for levels), you can start adding fish to the tank two at a time.

Remember, your aquarium may well be a lifetime hobby, so waiting a little more time during the initial freshwater aquarium setup is really a good thing, because it will lead to healthy fish. You will need to continue to test your water for these various chemicals forever so that both your fish and plants thrive. Patience will bring many rewards, particularly when you consider how much enjoyment you will have watching your fish.

Kevin Smith has been in the freshwater aquarium hobby for over 30 years, and enjoys helping others get started in this amazing hobby. His newest book, “The Ultimate Guide to Freshwater Aquariums” teaches aquarists everything they need know about starting and maintaining a stunning and thriving freshwater aquarium.

For more great information on freshwater aquarium setup, visit http://www.afreshwateraquarium.com.










How To Set Up An Environmentally Friendly Freshwater Aquarium

Article by Garry Macdonald

Aquarium keeping does not have to be a hobby that endangers the environment. There are steps you can take to ensure that your aquarium will not have a negative impact on natural ecosystems.Firstly when you go to a pet store to buy fish or plants, ask the retailer where the specimens came from. If they say they do not know, do not buy anything. You will want to know whether the specimens were bred in captivity to sell specifically for aquariums or if they were captured from the wild. Always go for the plants and fish that were bred in captivity. The less that aquarists buy organisms that were captured in the wild, the less the demand will be for wild fish and plants, and the less they will be harvested from their natural ecosystems.Some times aquarists are given an organism they can not keep, or they buy one too many, or they simply decide they want to get rid of a perfectly healthy, living plant or fish. Believe it or not, letting your unwanted goldfish loose in a pond is actually a bad idea. An organism that is released into the wild when it has only lived in captivity has little hope of survival. They do not understand their environment. They will not know what their natural food source is or how to hide from a predator. In the unlikelihood of survival, the organism becomes what is called an invasive species. These are organisms that are introduced to the environment and harm it. They degrade ecosystem functions. Invasive species also affect human day-to-day life. Because they upset ecosystems where they do not belong, whatever waters they are introduced to become unsafe to use for recreation. ‘Drinking water plants’ have to work harder to keep the water drinkable, which costs more money.

There are alternatives to releasing an unwanted fish or plant into the great unknowns of the wild. Contact the retailer you bought it from and ask them about returns. If they will not take the fish back they might have some ideas about how to get rid of it. Another option is to trade or give it to another aquarist. Plants are easier-just seal them in a plastic bag and throw them away with the rubbish.The best and really only way you can take steps to setting up an environmentally friendly freshwater aquarium is to think carefully about what fish and plants you want before buying. It is easier to buy few organisms and add on to your collection than it is to take organisms away! Your collection should only consist of specimens that were bred in captivity specifically to be sold for home aquariums. Follow those two steps and you will have a very environmentally friendly freshwater aquarium.

Garry Macdonald is a freshwater aquarium enthusiast with many years real-life experience. For more information on the ecosystem of a freshwater aquarium, visit http://www.freshwateraquariumsexplained.com.










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Tips for Freshwater Aquarium Fish Compatibility

Article by David R. Grayson

When you’re thinking of keeping fish at home or becoming a fish hobbyist, it’s essential that you know about freshwater aquarium fish compatibility. You just can’t simply choose a species that appeal to you and pop them in your tank. You have to make sure that they’re the right fish for the environment you’ve made at home. If not, you’ll end up with unhealthy fish or worse, dead fish. A successful hobbyist would be someone who provides and maintains the best environment for his or her fish and where they would be happy and thrive.

Let’s say you’re going with tropical fish, then you need to know the freshwater aquarium fish compatibility would have the various species under 11 groups. For the first group, fish varieties like tetras, fancy guppies, glass fish, ghost shrimp and white clouds are involved. These fish thrive well in an environment of a 15 gallon aquarium. Take note that the water for your tank has to be warm especially when you want to keep this species healthy. Going with a warmer aquarium, you need to put out a little bit more effort in maintenance than you would with maintaining a cool water aquarium.

Under group two for the compatibility test, you have fish like swordtails, platys, serape tetras, black neon tetras and danios. These will also do well in a 15 gallon tank of warm water. For these fish species, they’ll be fish that you can keep in groups. It is highly recommended that before you start setting a warm water aquarium that you get experience with handling a cool water aquarium first. When you have a cool water tank and you want to convert it into a warm water tank, it’s pretty easy to make the change and start taking care of warm water fish.

As for the species that fall under group three, you have barbs, sharks, loaches, gouramis and eels. These species of fish are a little bit more aggressive than other species but they will be pretty compatible with each other. You have to remember that under the freshwater aquarium fish compatibility, you’ll need a bigger tank in the future because they can grow pretty fast. As a start, you need a warm water tank of 29 gallons. You can keep bigger fish species like cichlids, convict and Jack Dempsey fish in larger tanks of 50 or 55 gallons. Again, these will be growing pretty fast and you need a larger tank.

Jumping further to the fish in group 8, you have many different varieties of angels. These are very pretty fish that you can keep and they are also compatible with neon blue rainbows. Like the others on the list, they require warm water. At some point in time, you’ll need a tank that holds at least 29 gallons and is about 18 inches tall. One thing is for sure, compatibility is a must know for any fish hobbyist.

Checkout my website.

David Grayson, has been captivated with Freshwater Aquariums for many years. If you want to learn more about how to Freshwater Aquarium Fish Compatibility to get the most out of an aquarium that can be a vocal point of your home, and completely learn how to purchase, setup, and maintain their tank, without the difficulties and frustrations many have experienced. Checkout my website.










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Cycling a New Cichlid Fish Aquarium

Article by Tim

With a new aquarium, cycling your tank is the first and most important thing you need to do. This is the process in which your aquarium needs to establish good bacteria. When you first setup your aquarium it will be contaminated with bad bacteria. Before putting cichlid fish into the tank it is important that this bad (harmful) bacteria converts into good bacteria. The first stage of bacteria will break down ammonia into nitrites, and the second stage of bacteria will break down the nitrites into nitrates. Both ammonia and nitrites are harmful to your fish, but nitrates are not, as long as they are at a safe level (below 20ppm).

There are two ways to cycle your tank: with or without fish. Both methods have their advantages and disadvantages, but most fish enthusiasts prefer to do a fishless cycle. Doing a fishless cycle (which I recommend) has many more advantages: it’s faster, easier, and avoids permanently harming fish. Plus, the water will be completely ready for fish once the cycle is finished.

Fishless Cycle

One effective way of doing a fishless cycle is to use media, gravel, sand, or decor from another (disease free) aquarium that already has good bacteria established. If you can’t find any of these materials, you can purchase bacteria in a bottle from your local fish store. Also, during this process I suggest raising the temperature in the aquarium to around 85 degrees, this allows for a faster chemical reaction.

Cycling with fish

If you decide to go the other route, then you will need hardy fish that can withstand these harmful water conditions; I suggest using either tetras or guppies. Cycling your tank with fish can take anywhere between 4-6 weeks for the nitrates to become established. You will need to do frequent water changes (20%) 3-4 times a week until the cycle is complete. Of course if you are doing a cichlid fish aquarium you will need to remove the starter fish before adding any cichlids to the tank.

Conclusion

Whichever method you chose, it is important to realize that this can be time-consuming(3-6 weeks), therefore patience is a virtue. It is also important to constantly test your water during this process to ensure that your tank is cycling properly. I recommend using a liquid test kit rather than the basic test strips. Make sure before you add sensitive fish, your nitrates are at, or below 20ppm.

If you’ve enjoyed this article by Tim Carter, you can visit his website at http://www.cichlid-fish.com for more information and tips on Cichlids.

My name’s Tim Carter and I’m 21 years old. I have always enjoyed fish aquariums ever since I was a little kid. I have owned five different aquariums, and two of them being African Cichlids. I also enjoy going to church and hanging out with friends.










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Some Tips on Setting up an Aquarium

Article by Horris Temple

Aquarium tanks are the ideal conversation pieces. They are also educational for the kids, observingthem is very restful. You want to do a lot of things to fruitfully set up an aquarium tank, however. It may seem like an undemanding job, but you need to keep a number of things in mind before your tank will be able to supply a wholesome, attractive place for your fish. You will want to do some research to deflect problems no matter which sort of aquarium you choose, but your research will also help you avert spending money pointlessly on equipment and other things you don’t really require. To make your hobby a success you will need to investigate the food and everyday care that the fish you want will need to live and spawn.

The first thing that you ought to do is decide on the nature of fish to take care of. It is the needs and sustainment demands of the fish that determine the requirements of your aquarium setup. For instance, if you chose freshwater fish you want to setup a freshwater aquarium withthe earmark filters and lighting system. You need to occupy it with livestock that are taken from freshwater sources such as rivers and lakes.

For saltwater fish, you get to finish a more valuable and more difficult aquarium setup. This is because saltwater fish are not effortlessly flexible to the major changes in water chemistry and temperature. Nowadays, with this setup, you could need to have biological or machine filters and protein skimmers and supplementary special fish tank equipment to supply a stable surroundings for your marine livestock.

The next thing you should regard is the size of your aquarium. Keep in mind that the size of your aquarium should be proportional to the size and portion of fish that you propose to take care of. While most freshwater fish mature to be an inch or two, saltwater fish can grow 12 to 13 inches long. If this is your first time to have an aquarium, starting small with 10 to 20 gallon aquarium setup with littler and hardier fish species is a good idea. In general, aquariums are available in 10, 20, 29, 30, 40, 50, 55 or more gallons sizes and in rectangular and hexangular shapes.

You also need some equipment in order to preserve a fit, clean and unchanging aquarium environment for your fish. A gravel or pebble substratum is necessary for a sound aquarium because it helps hold the water clean by channeling junk. A water conditioner regulates the quantity of chlorine in the water and prevents the water from becoming toxic to your fish.

Heaters or heating elements may be essential in completing your setup as it helps balance water temperature, which not only protects the fishes but also keeps your aquarium’s glass sleeve from fracture.

After you amass all the equipment you’ll want, you will be set to knock together your aquarium. First, put a layer of gravel or pebbles on the base of the aquarium. The next step is to put any plants or decorations in the gravel in a picturesque arrangement. Make sure that everything you put into the aquarium is uncontaminated.

Delicately fill the tank with water to avoid messing up your gravel and plants. To get rid of the chlorine in water, run the water through the water conditioner. Now, setup your equipment. Install your water heater and thermostat. Connect up the water filter into your aquarium. Use a drip loop on all power cords for safety precautions.

Your last step is plugging all the equipment cords into a power strip. You can then turn on your aquarium. Make sure the aquarium tank is all set up, tests demonstrate the water is safe, and every bit of equipment is working smoothly before you add your fish.

Horris Temple has been involved in construction of custom made aquariums tanks as well as installations and advising client on various fish tank supplies suited to their needs and unique situations.










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Basics Before You “Fish” Around For An Aquarium

Article by Marian Fisher

People love the companionship of pets. Pets tend to have a symbiotic relationship with people and although they tend to be self-sufficient (cats, hamsters, etc…) so long as you provide an environment they can thrive in and provide the essentials of life they can’t get on their own. Some pets take more work than others to take care of but one of the nice things about fish and aquariums are that other than having to clean the tank once a month, feeding them daily, and allowing a filtering system to clean the water automatically, they are essentially worry free.

One thing that makes fish a lot of fun is that you can build and maintain, even change their environment whenever you want to change its appeal (to both you and the fish). Human nature states that we’re creative beings with the ability to manifest what we want through cause and effect. A fish, however, simply lives in the environment, a non sentient being that requires us to take care of it. This symbiotic relationship mean that we need each other and can provide one another some relaxation and intrigue. A fish can be an intriguing pet, but as a care taker we not only are required to make sure the fish can survive in his new aquarium, but we can also build it for our own pleasure, eye candy and meditative calm.

Although the aquarium is designed to assure the fish survives and is happy, it’s built as much for our enjoyment as it is for the fish. This means that building an aquarium can be a great therapeutic tool, a way to teach children responsibility, and to bring a new dimension to a room, bringing life and beauty together. There’s just something cool about a fish tank that makes people want to look and observe the simple life of a fish. There are many types of fish to choose from, some are friendly towards other fish, some with only specific non predatory fish, and others must be alone.

When choosing what type of fish you want, you need to consider how much your willing to put into taking care of the fish. There are many species of fish that require nothing more than a cleaning system (filter for the water) and a thorough cleaning monthly (rocks, internal components of the scenery in the tank), maybe even bi-weekly depending on the fish and the amount of fish in the tank. There are also fish that require a specific environment such as water with salt in it (saltwater fish), a specific balance of chemicals in the water, a consistent temperature (cold or warm), and others that require special care that goes far beyond just set it and forget it until the cleaning.

It’s best to do your homework on the fish you want BEFORE you start figuring out what kind of tank you want. If you get the wrong tank, it is more difficult to get the water balanced correctly and you could kill the fishes. Fish are fascinating, and you may want to start out with the easy type to take care of and a small tank. You can evolve into the different types of fish, but be sure to get different tanks for different fish that require specific environmental controls as stated above. There is much to learn about fish. They are not just benign creatures, they are full of life and experience emotions just like we do. Learning about fish is a wonderful experience, and the fish depends on you for it’s happiness.

Before you go, I have more detailed specifications on the Red Sea Max 250. It’s a great reef aquarium with plenty of room to grow.










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How to Clean a Dirty Aquarium

Article by Iain Shimmy

A fresh water fish tank requires about 30 minutes to an hour of work a week depending on the size of the tank.

Waht you will need:1) You will need a clean 5 gallon bucket that has never had chemicals or soap inside of it.2) A hose or gravel cleaner3) A bag of natural or synthetic sea salt

I have split the work into two parts the tank which needs to be cleaned ever week on the same day and the filters which can be cleaned every 2 or 3 weeks.

The very first thing you have to do before you start cleaning your fish tank is to unplug your tanks heater if you have one. The heater can not be allowed to be removed from the water while it is hot so make sure to leave it unplugged at least 20 minutes before attempting to remove it. The water help cool the glass on the heater if removed it could crack, or the glass could totally shatter. You should also remember to never stick your hand inside of any fish tank before making sure the heater is not only off but unplugged from the wall. A small crack in the heater could be more then enough to cause a shock to you that can be fatal.

After the heater has ha time to cool you can safely remove the heater from the tank or it the heater is submersible you can just push it down to the bottom of the tank.

Now take any decorations you may have placed in the tank, so all you have are the small gravel at the bottom, this will allow you to get any dirt that those decorations may have been covering up. Now if you do not have a gravel cleaner you are going to have to roll up your sleeves and get your hands wet. You will need to stir up the gravel to get the dirt that has settled between the gravel into the water, and start removing the water into the bucket with the hose. Do not throw out the water you will still need it to clean the filters.

If you have a gravel cleaner, push the plastic tube into the gravel until it hits the bottom of the tank, then start a siphon into the bucket, every second or 2 move the gravel cleaner over an inch or 2 and repeat this process until either you have removed 15 percent of the tanks water of you have cleaned all the gravel.

Now at this point you can clean the Aquariums filters. The insides of the filters are used to grow bacteria, that help break down the nitrites and nitrates that are in the water from fish waste and uneaten food. To make sure we don’t kill all these Aquarium friendly bacteria, we clean the filter materials and sponges in the dirty water that I also full of the bacteria. Take everything out of the filters and rinse them of in the bucket of dirty Aquarium water, then give the sponge a couple of squeezes in the bucket and reassemble the filters, and put them back on the tank.

Now before adding the water sea salt must be added to the tank. All water has some amount of salt in it and to replicate the natural habitat of the fish there must be salt in your tank as well. Add approximately 1 cup of sea salt for every 50 gallons of water.

Now you can add water to the tank, but you must make sure the water is the within a degree or two of the temperature of the water in the tank. A drastic change in the tanks temperature suddenly can throw the fish into shock and kill them or weaken their immunity and help give them a fish disease. I recommend filling the bucket with hot water and checking it regularly till it is the same as the tanks temperature, then slowly add the water to the tank, start the filters and the heater.

Cleaning the filters only needs to be done once or twice a month, but the water in the tank must be cleaned on the same day every week.

Iain Shimmy spent several years working on a fish hatchery breeding fish and now works as an Online Casinos reviewer for a web site.










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The Amazing World of Blue Reef Aquarium in Newquay

Article by Mary

Sometimes in the rush of everyday life especially in the city, the only time that you have for your kids is taking them and picking them up from school. In between, work gets in the way. A holiday in Newquay would just be the perfect time to focus your attention on your kids. Visiting Newquay attractions and doing exciting activities together would give you the chance to spend some great quality time with them.

The Blue Reef Aquarium is one of the leading aquariums in the UK and one of the Newquay attractions that your kids will truly love. This aquarium has been designed not only to show you the rich life under the sea but also to make you understand and appreciate the wonders of the underwater world. These aquariums will make you understand why it is so important to look after these beautiful and amazing creatures. Here are some of the 40 natural themed habitats and attractions that you can find at Blue Reef.

Under Water Tunnel

The main attraction of the Blue Reef Aquarium is the main attraction of the aquarium and is the main reason you must not fail to visit the best among the popular Newquay attractions. It is a recreation of an amazing coral reef that is home to exotic creatures like puffer fish, wrasse, angelfish and other vibrantly coloured species that live in the reef. You will also see sharks such as the graceful black tip reef shark, rays, lionfish and moray eels. Get up close to these amazing creatures as you are inside the spectacular walkthrough tunnel that runs through the heart of the aquarium.

Turtle Creek

At Turtle Creek, you get the chance to see how the turtles live. Housed here are some strange Mata Mata turtles from Brazil, endangered pig-nosed Australian turtles and rescued mud turtles. Blue Reef has been recognized internationally for the rescue and rehabilitation work on stranded sea turtles. They have already released nine sea turtles back to sea. There are interactive displays and Blue reef aquarists narration about the rescue efforts.

Predators

Just like in the real world, there are also battles in the underwater world where only the smartest and strongest will survive. You will see some of the dangerous and strange creatures lurking in the ocean like stinging jellyfish, the poisonous lionfish and the amazing giant pacific octopus. You can watch how the predators use camouflage and then attack their victims at high speed. You can also watch the lifecycle and the hunting abilities of the jellyfish.

Amazing Octopus

The reason why the octopus has always been amazing and terrifying is that they are very intelligent creatures who have the ability to change to different shapes and colours. The octopus has three hearts, blue blood and the ability to solve complex puzzles and go through tests of memory. You can watch an octopus at Blue Reef unscrew jam jars and get the food inside. You can also watch the octopus cousins, the squid, cuttlefish and nautilus in this exhibition that is a compelling reason you must visit Blue Reef Aquariums, one of the best Newquay attractions .

Local Species

Right in the Cornish waters are the richest and most diverse habitats. At the Local Species exhibition at Blue Reef, you can learn more about the British seahorse, sharks and other creatures like the pipefish, cuckoo wrasse, sea bream, bass and walking gurnards.