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Fish Tank Beauty Outweighs the Aquarium Maintenance Work Needed.


Aquarium maintenance is a chore so why do it?  For me aquariums -saltwater or fresh water- are completely fascinating and amazingly beautiful.  I tend to prefer saltwater as they tend to be more colorful and seem to be able to contain all the colors of the rainbow and bring the ocean to you wherever you are.   They can contain thousands of creatures to marvel at. It’s like having a rainbow in your living room.

So why do fish tanks look so beautiful?

Well for one thing salt water fish can be very colorful and eye-catching—plus many have very interesting habits and personalities.  You can add a wide variety of marine life to your tank: snails, shrimp, crabs, live rocks and corals. Many of which require relatively little maintenance. And let’s face it corals are dazzlingly beautiful and add a lot of “wow factor” to your tank.  So how do you get started? Well there are several things to consider.


1) Fish only aquariums – Only fish with no other marine life. This makes them easier to take care of. Do you go tropical or cold water? You can’t mix them as they need different water temperatures. Broadly, because tropical fish are more colorful they are the most popular choice.

2) Invertebrate only aquariums – Only invertebrate creatures with no fish. Invertebrates include sponges, jellyfish, corals, hydroids, comb jellies, clams, snails, octopi, crabs, shrimp, sea stars and brittle stars.  It may sound boring but you can have a dazzling display if you do it properly.

3) Invertebrate and fish aquariums – A combo of the first two. Presents interesting challenges as some fish will feed on invertebrates & vice versa.  It can be very effective and beautiful once in place.

4) Coral reef aquarium – These types of aquariums are amazing to look at and a bit trickier to maintain. The reef itself is a living organism, so you have to know how to cater to the needs and requirements of this type of environment.  All in all this type will give you the biggest wow factor.

5) Specialty aquarium – Normally focuses on just one species. Damsels, sea horse or even octopi.  You can get quite a lot of variation in a species so it can present an array of colors…and less to have to know about 🙂

Where should I put my saltwater fish aquarium tank?
This has to be planned out. Do NOT plan on moving the tank after it is set up.  You’ll need a crane 🙂  So measure carefully and think about the space needed for cleaning/maintenance.  Aesthetically where will it look best in your room may not match the practical requirements. You need a strong and level floor with GFCI electrical outlets and no direct sunlight.  A 55 gallon tank weighs about 400lbs –most floors will take that load but the safest placement  is on an outer (load bearing) wall. You’ll find your placement plan will will often affect the size of tank.

What is the best size for my saltwater fish aquarium tank?

A basic 20-55 gallon tank can work well. Bear in mind however that smaller tanks below 55 gallons often need more maintenance and care. It sounds odd but in these smaller tanks water quality changes can occur more rapidly and they can get dirty faster = more cleaning and water changes. Get a larger tank if you have the space. It won’t cost that much more and will save you headaches in the long run.

What is the best material for my saltwater fish aquarium tank?
There is no “best” solution.  The majority of tanks are either glass or acrylic. Acrylic is stronger and lighter but can scratch more easily (young kids may be an issue) but even micro scratches build up over time as hands/clothing/cleaning rub against the surface. Glass is cheaper but it is more prone to breakage/cracking and heavier. My preference is acrylic.

What is the best shape for my saltwater fish aquarium tank?
The classic is the standard rectangular style.  There are other newer designs today, like a flat back Hexagon, Hexagon, Quarter Cylinder, Pentagon and corner units or all glass Bow Front, Corner and Hexagon designs.  If you can’t find the tank you want or that will fit, you can always get one custom designed.

What fish to start with in my saltwater fish aquarium?
The best fish to buy for novices are damsels (BUT note that damsels are also very territorial), saltwater-acclimated mollies, clownfish, blennies, tangs, and the lionfish.  Be careful not to mix aggressive and gentle fish.

-Aggressive fish : Angel fish are unique and striking. They dart all over the aquarium and help keep the tank clean by eating algae. Surgeon fish have sharp spines on both sides of the tail as a defense. They like to hide and prefer a large tank. Trigger fish are rectangular and come in several different colors. They got their name because their dorsal fin has a boney projection that helps keep them in position in rocks. Puffer fish look birdlike because they have a beak and strong jaws to eat crustaceans. They will eat out of your hands!

-Gentle fish: Dart fish are small, colorful, long and elegant. They are very active and can jump…so keep the lid on! Cardinal fish are very elegant with wonderful color patterns. They live in groups and will breed. Squirrelfish are very social and bring some vibrant red color to your tank.

What are the easiest invertebrates?
Shrimps, sea urchins and starfishes. Unless you are experienced, anemones should be avoided.  Some present challenges: sea squirts can release poisonous toxins, flame scallops and nudibranchs are very hard to feed, Tridacna clams and corals require strong lighting and octopi have a very short life span.  Read about reefs and invertebrates to make sure you get the balance right.

Should I use wild vs. raised fish for my saltwater fish aquarium?
Probably counter intuitive but wild caught fish are likely to be less healthy and less likely to survive in your tank. A multitude of issues cause this: intake of pollutants, bad handling or simple stress from travel from its exotic home.

What is live rock?
“Live” rock isn’t really alive … but it has many micro and macroscopic marine organisms that live on and inside it. The rock itself is normally calcium carbonate from the skeletons of long dead corals or other calcium based organisms.  It introduces algae, bacteria and small invertebrates which help the overall quality of the aquarium water.

What If I Don’t Want to Do the Aquarium Maintenance Myself?

That’s pretty common.  There are services available to do this.  It costs money of course but its worth it not to have to do all the work of cleaning and water changes.  After a while that gets very old. In my neck of the woods -just west of Boston MA the best aquarium maintenance and custom fish tank service provider is Fish Works.  They have been in business for over 25 years and have a fleet of vans for quick reliable service for both homes and businesses. reliable, and affordable.  They offer two services click what you want: Aquarium Maintenance or Custom Aquariums

Starting A Marine or Coral Reef Aquarium

A marine aquarium is an aquarium that keeps marine plants and animals in a contained environment. Marine aquaria are further subdivided by hobbyists into fish only (FO), fish only with live rock (FOWLR), and reef aquaria.

Fish only tanks often showcase large or aggressive marine fish species and generally rely on mechanical and chemical filtration. FOWLR and reef tanks use live rock, a material composed of coral skeletons harboring beneficial nitrogen waste metabolizing bacteria, as a means of more natural biological filtration.

Marine fish keeping is different from its freshwater counterpart because of the fundamental differences in the constitution of saltwater and the resulting differences in the adaptation of its inhabitants. A stable marine aquarium requires more equipment than freshwater systems, and generally requires more stringent water quality monitoring.[1] The inhabitants of a marine aquarium are often difficult to acquire and are usually more expensive than freshwater aquarium inhabitants. However, the inhabitants of saltwater aquariums are usually much more spectacular than freshwater aquarium fish.

A reef aquarium or reef tank is an marine aquarium that prominently displays live corals and other marine invertebrates as well as fish that play a role in maintaining the coral reef environment. A reef aquarium requires appropriately intense lighting, turbulent water movement, and more stable water chemistry than fish-only marine aquaria, and careful consideration is given to which reef animals are appropriate and compatible with each other.

Its a lot of work and many [people use an aquarium maintenance service to handle it.

What equipment is needed? Most modern aquarium equipment is designed to be functional in either salt or fresh water, but it is important to select quality, reliable supplies. It hardly pays to save six dollars on a heater or ten dollars on a filter system and risk the loss of twenty or thirty dollar fish. Contrary to some opinions, under gravel filters are not essential in saltwater aquariums. Many of our customers have had success using the sort of equipment that we include in our “PRO” setups; deluxe heaters, outside power filters and air stones. The only necessary additions to a good freshwater setup are special gravel (crushed coral), sea salt mix, and a hydrometer.

Are saltwater fish hard to keep? Just as in freshwater, there are some species that are usually quite sturdy and some that challenge even the experts. The “Marine Care and Compatibility Table” portion of this guide is meant to help the hobbyist choose fish and invertebrates appropriate for his level of expertise. In addition, the individual specimen should be observed closely before purchase. Sometimes an individual or group of even the most hardy variety will have been subjected to just one too many changes, and will become weak or sickly or will refuse to eat. We will try to help in choosing healthy specimens as much as possible.

Checklist of Items Needed to Start an Maintain a Saltwater Aquarium

The items listed here are pieces of equipment and components that are fundamental for setting up and running a saltwater aquarium or reef tank system.


You need to decide where you want to put your aquarium, determine what size you want or may only have room for, whether you want an acrylic or glass tank, and choose a style that will best fit into the spot you have picked out to display it.


The type of lighting you choose will be based on the type of system you have planned to set up, as well as what kind of livestock you will be keeping in it.

Skimmers, Filters & Filtration Equipment

Once again, what type of system you are going to set up will help you determine which kind of filters and filtration system to choose.


Depending on the size of your aquarium, the use one or several power heads is an excellent way to provide good water circulation throughout the system.

Live Rock & Substrate

Here you need to decide on what type of material you want on the bottom of the tank, as well as whether you want to start with a live or non-living medium. Live Rock plays an important role in a marine tank. Many marine animals, fish in particular, can be quite territorial. It is important to provide ample shelter or places where the animals can hide, sleep, and avoid potential problems with aggression from other tank mates in the confined space of an aquarium.

Sea Salt Mix/Saltwater & Hydrometer

Sea salts are what make an aquarium a saltwater or marine aquarium. Also referred to as a salinity tester, this item measures the specific gravity or salt content of the water.Heater &


For smaller aquariums one heater works well, but for larger systems the use of multiple units is advised. With stick-on, floating, multi-function remote digital sensor, and many other types of units to pick from, the material a thermometer is made of is an important factor when choosing one as well.

Air Pump & Air Stones

Only needed if you are going to run a piece of equipment that requires these items, such as a counter-current protein skimmer.

Test Kits,Additives & Supplements

For live rock and reef tank systems, calcium (a.k.a. limewater/kalkwasser) needs to be added. Other supplemental vitamins or additives that are beneficial to the health of certain marine inhabitants you may be keeping, such a iodine for crustaceans, are important as well.

Maintenance Tools & Supplies

This category includes having items on hand such as a various sized plastic buckets or containers, tank cleaning tools such as a siphon tube/hose, an algae scraper or magnet, as well as nets of different sizes, spare equipment replacements parts, and so on. A good way to keep track of what maintenance tasks you have preformed and when is to keep a log book or record of everything you do.

Benefits of Live Coral

If you are looking into getting a saltwater fish tank, you should look into what kind you need for your home or office. To start, live coral is very important to have in your saltwater fish tank. Live coral aquariums are great for coral frays because they keep the fish happy and healthy. When it comes to getting and caring for your fish and live coral, you should know that in order to fasten the frays to the live coral, you can use “Hold Fast”. This is helpful and if you don’t know what it is just epoxy that is kind of like to other sorts of epoxy used for piping and such.

It is helpful because the glue will quickly be unkempt by coralline seaweed or the live coral will also grow over it. It is additionally helpful to know that live coral are leaving the ocean’s ordinary reefs. When you are looking into live coral, it is important to think about the fact that there have been several studies on the payback of live coral. It is good to know that the literature on this live coral has shown that there are some suitable details underneath the use of live coral for illness and a way to use it to get rid of imminent medical issues. This means that they are good for your aquarium and the fish in your salt water aquarium such as damselfish.

These fish are the most popular saltwater starter fish and their status arises from their bright colors and cheap price of this sort of salt water fish. These damselfish are very attractive to new hobbyists but its important to know that the downside is their aggressive behavior towards other fish in the aquarium. Some people are not aware that the least aggressive damselfish and one of the most colorful is the yellow tailed damselfish. This type of fish is bright blue with a striking yellow tail and it enjoys live coral as well.

How to create the custom aquarium

One of the best things about the aquarium hobby is that there are so many possibilities. When it comes to setting up a tank, your only limitation is your own imagination, and you can make that tank as simple or as elaborate as you want. From realistic recreations of freshwater and saltwater environments to whimsical flights of fancy, you can create an aquarium that is as unique as you are.

Build Your Own Coral Reef

If you have experience with saltwater tanks, you can use your aquarium to recreate the environment you would find around a coral reef. You can use an assortment of natural corals, as well as live rocks and reef invertebrates to recreate a coral reef in your own living room. Once that coral reef is in place, you can stock your tank with a variety of fish that come from natural reefs throughout the world.

Kid-Themed Tank

If you have children in the home, why not create a kid-themed aquarium based on a favorite movie or TV show. You could, for instance, create a Finding Nemo tank, complete with clownfish and place it on sphinx area rugs, or a Little Mermaid tank decorated with item related to the movie.You could also create a Sponge Bob Square Pants tank with decorations designed to look like the world of Bob and his underwater friends. You can get the kids involved and let them help pick the perfect plants and decorations to bring the theme to life.

Create Your Own Mountain Stream

Many species of freshwater fish live in streams and other small bodies of water. You can recreate their natural environment using an assortment of driftwood, rocks and natural colored gravel. You can use airstones and other water agitators to recreate the movement of the water, and stock the tank with colorful fish you might find in a local waterway.

Lake Caves

If you plan to keep cichlids, it is a good idea to recreate their natural environment as faithfully as possible. Many of the cichlids sold in pet stores originate in Africa lakes like Lake Malawi, and those fish naturally spend a lot of time in caves and crevices within the rocks.You can recreate this natural environment by providing a generous amount of rocks and arranging them to create caves a other hiding places Providing a more natural environment helps with spawning behavior and allows these engaging fish to be happier and healthier.

Identifying And Managing Your Tropical Fish Species

Tropical fish come in a variety of different species. First of all, you have freshwater tropical fish, and saltwater tropical fish. These are the two main and distinct categories that all breeds of tropical fish can be divided into. Within these categories are different species – did you know that piranhas, carnivore fish and other anti-social tropical fish all fall within the “tropical” category?

The last thing you’d want, as a new owner of tropical fish, is to purchase tropical fish species such as piranhas or other related carnivores. Would you really want a flesh eating fish to be in the same fish tank as a beautiful yellow finned, delicate tropical fish species breed? I know I certainly wouldn’t! So exercise due care and diligence when deciding which tropical fish species you would like to put in your tropical fish tank.

Now some tropical fish species don’t get along with one another, even though they’re not carnivores. Indeed, some tropical fish species are just naturally shy and don’t mix with any other species other than their own. For this reason you may want to do a little research and ground work before deciding upon which tropical fish species you would like to integrate in your fish tank, as choosing two or more species that don’t get along with one another won’t be fun to watch at all!

Fish interaction is the main thing that makes keeping and maintaining a fish aquarium so interesting. If your fish live rather boring and dull lives, then you too will soon grow bored of looking at them! Whilst having a fish tank may be quite a novelty of sorts among your friends, if you want to have an enjoyable time watching your fish, then ensure you purchase the right types of tropical fish species.

Conduct further research into discus fish, freshwater tropical fish and saltwater tropical fish. There are so many different species and breeds to choose from that I couldn’t even begin to attempt to list them here. Speak to your local pet shop store owner and ask them their opinion on what tropical fish species would be the most enjoyable to have within your tropical fish tank.

Do the groundwork now, and you’ll save yourself hassle later! There’s no point in just choosing some random tropical fish species, putting them in your fish tank, and hoping for the best. Planning how your fish tank will run before you’ve even set it up will lead you to long term enjoyment, and you’ll be a new tropical fish hobbyist in no time.

Caring For An Acrylic Aquarium

Keeping aquariums began in the late 1800’s. They used to look very different.  Often these old aquariums had one side made from glass, with the opposite three sides being metal or wood. Most aquariums had fish that were native to the owner’s area simply because of availability. Additionally most old style fish tanks contained only freshwater fish. The reason being that salt water would corrode the metal that held the aquarium together.

Aquariums drastically changed in the 1960’s with the invention of silicone adhesive. Metallic frames were dropped and people began to keep salt water fish and invertebrates. Just lately glass tanks have fallen away with the availability of acrylic and flexibility paid off! Acrylic aquariums are far more for forgiving than their glass counterparts. If a heavy object strikes a glass tank, it’ll likley break. The flexibility of an acrylic tank will prevent this disaster from happening. Acrylic offers more flexibility in design than glass. Acrylic aquariums have been made into every thing from coffee tables to gum ball machines.

That being said, there’s a downside to owning an acrylic aquarium. They do scratch more easily than glass. When cleaning your aquarium, be careful not to use paper towels, and harsh or abrasive chemical compounds, as they will scratch the acrylic floor of the aquarium. Always use a cleaner labeled secure for acrylic. Use plastic or rubber scrubbers, use something other than steel to wash the sides of an acrylic tank. Watch out not to unintentionally pick up a bit of substrate or gravel while cleaning the inside of the tank.

When you do occur to scratch an acrylic aquarium, all isn’t lost. The tank can be repaired, in contrast to glass. There are acrylic repair kits at specialty pet stores, your local ironmongery store and naturally online.

When buying an acrylic aquarium kit, there will be many various choices to choose from, at many various value points. Aquarium kits will be bought at places comparable to specialty aquatic pet shops, from large retail chains, or once more online. A fish lover can choose from small cylinder shaped tanks that can double as an espresso table lamp to wall huge wall sized aquariums. While, there are some basic items that will probably be included in most kits, comparable to, a filter, some substrate or coral and generally lighting, the kits themselves can vary greatly. It really doesn’t matter where you buy your starter kit, but keep in mind that it is extremely essential to buy your fish from a good dealer. Don’t buy fish which might be hovering close to the surface, or which are situated in a tank with other lifeless fish. Fish diseases are extraordinarily communicable. Be weary of a fish seller that refuses to catch a selected fish out of the tank for you. In spite of everything this is going to be your fish and you have a right to choose.Lenard U Weisenber

This is a video of how to set up the Home Aquarium Starter kit 10 from AquaCulture. I decided like five minutes after I had started setting up. So the first two steps are just words. But there is video. (Duh, that’s why it is on youtube) 😛 Enjoy and make sure to watch the next two parts.
Video Rating: 5 / 5

Setting Up Fish Aquariums

You have a new hobby – fish, I bet the very first thing you want to do is get an aquarium at home so that you can rush out to buy your selected pet fish. However, fish tank aquariums are bulky and heavy items so have you thought about a good location to position the fish tank yet?

You cannot possibly put your fish tank anywhere temporary first, and then move it after you discover the ‘right’ place. Should you have already setup the tank, moving it could be very challenging and unsafe.

The worst thing is that you might frighten your fish and this can stunt their growth.  Finding the suitable space is as important as purchasing a suitable fish tank.

What size is your aquarium going to be? The size and style can make a difference in this situation as it determines the place you may want to position it. Bigger size does mean heavier in weight, and your tank for your fish is going to be even heavier when it is full of water, fish and the necessary equipment and accessories.

A smaller sized aquarium with 5 gallons tank size will be about 62 lbs when filled with water. A moderate size tank with twenty five gallons will likely be around two hundred and eighty lbs once filled with water, and a big size tank using fifty gallons tank size is going to be about six hundred lbs when full of water.

For this reason, you have got to make sure that the part of the flooring that you are going to place your fish tank on contains the durability to stand up to the serious load. If you are uncertain, it’s always best to be satisfied with a scaled-down marine exhibit.

Your next thought you might want to consider is whether or not the aquarium is going to be located on a stand, a table or mounted on the wall? Even though most stands are designed with cushioning to take care of your flooring, it is better to personally check to be certain the extra padding is there and has not gone out of place. You will not want to leave indentations on your own flooring, particularly for those who have parquet or carpet floorings.

Whenever setting up a whole home aquatic museum by yourself, you’ll want to put in all the needed things which are needed for the well-being to your marine lives, and these items include things like decent lighting, air pump and an auto cleaning device.

That brings us into the next factor you’ll want to think of. The fish tank really needs to be in close proximity to a power socket. Connecting your method of getting electricity via some extension cables can be extremely unsightly, and if they’re not properly secure, someone, at some point and somehow may trip over them and become injured.

Below are certain areas in your house where fish tank aquariums should never be placed.

Avoid putting your tank for your fish somewhere that’s too busy. You’re looking for space around it so that you could maneuver around the fish tank to perform the required cleaning of the inside.

Avoid putting it in very loud locations such as too near to the sound systems simply because some fish can be very easily frightened by loud tones.

Steer clear of spots that are exposed to direct sunlight most of the time because too high a temperature may kill your pet fish.

After a great place has been identified, you are all ready to head out and find all you’ll want to build a suitable personal fish museum. You will certainly need an air pump, various fish tank plants, accessories and filters.

Depending on the kinds of fish that you’ll be maintaining, whether they may they be fresh water species of fish or even marine creatures, you’ll have to shop for the right fish food and the proper fish tank gravel. If this sounds like your pastime, I am sure you will enjoy your time and efforts setting your fish aquarium up.

Supplies needed for Fish Tanks

Fish tanks come in all shapes in sizes, finding the right one comes down to what you want to stock. Looking to hold a couple of goldfish or a large school of tropical fish? A 10 gallon tank is only going to be suitable for a small handful of tropical fish or 1-2 goldfish (possibly only one if full grown), so bare that in mind. Most beginners make the mistake ofr over filling their aquariums which unbalances their environment with too much waste.A 10 gallon aquarium will come in two options, glass or acrylic (plastic). A glass tank can be easily smashed, not recommended if small children have access. Acrylic fish tanks are prone to scratches, which will effect your view over time.Bigger tanks are actually require less upkeep, surprisingly. The thing is with smaller bodies of water, the chemical levels can change dramatically very quickly (PH level, ammonia level).

Acrylic tanks have many advantages over glass tanks, starting with the many shapes you can find them in. But you have to be aware of all the pros and cons of owning an acrylic fish tank. Fish Tank Maintenance

When you finally complete the things you need for your freshwater aquarium and you have finished setting it up, one of the most important thing you will need to do is the tank maintenance. While it can be a tedious process, depending on the size of your tank and the number of fishes you have, it is essential that you do it so that your freshwater fishes will stay healthy. As freshwater aquarium owners, maintenance is an integral part in order to avoid having dilemmas in your fish tank.

Setting Up a Salt Water Tank

As the name implies, a salt water fish tank needs salt to make it a healthy environment for your fish that only survive in salt water. The first thing that you have to do when setting up your aquarium is to check for leaks and then clean it by mixing 1 teaspoon of pure bleach for every 5 gallons of water.Larger tanks are more forgiving because the changes happen over a longer period of time, which means you don’t have to be as strict monitoring.Even simple goldfish can be a trouble to maintain, you would think a fish tank would be a piece of cake compared to some other pets, but this is a misconception. In fact, goldfish are extremely messy compared to other species of fish. They have a tendency to aggressive attack plants and create massive quantities of waste (which will effect the ammonia levels because of decay). It’s vital to have a basic understanding of the nitrogen cycle when you are a aquarium owner.

More Small Salt Water Fish Tank Articles

Essential Tips When Buying Tropical Fish For Your Aquarium

Tropical fish are beautiful creatures.Such a wide variety of species available; colors, shapes and sizes from which to choose from are also abound. It is, however, also important to realize that just as there exists great variety in appearance, so too does there exist great differences in temperament and compatibility among different species of fish. Therefore, before embarking on your first foray to buy tropical fish there are a few factors to keep in mind.

Where To Buy?

When buying fish, you are no longer limited to the selection available at your local pet store. In the present day, there are many reputable online tropical fish stores from which you can buy tropical fish and have them shipped to your home.

Brick-and-mortar pet shops provide you the advantage of being able to see the actual fish that you are about to purchase. They also allow you to browse and study different fish behaviors over time prior to purchasing. In most cases, these pet shops will also have qualified and knowledgeable staff ready to answer any question that you may have when you buy tropical fish.

Relying on internet based tropical fish stores will usually provide you with a greater diversity of available species. Although the personal contact is lost, most do provide great customer support and also provide valuable reference sections on their websites. These reference sections can be used to gain further knowledge on the behavior of different species prior to buying.


Imagine placing together a fierce pit bull and a fluffy kitten in a small backyard. In this extreme example the disparity in temperament is quite obvious. Incredibly, many novice aquarium enthusiasts do not take temperament compatibility into consideration when selecting tropical fish. Being aware of the individual aggressiveness and compatibility of different species before you buy tropical fish is paramount. Traditionally, amongst the most mild-mannered tropical fish are the mollies, tetras and rainbow fish.

There are many sources for obtaining this type of comparative information. A good place to start is the internet, followed by your local public library. Your local aquarium or pet shop is also a good source for this type of information.


Different species of fish will also have different behavior patterns in terms of their social interaction with other fish, eating habits and habitat preferences. This should also be taken into consideration when you buy tropical fish. Species, such as high fins, display schooling behavior. In large tanks this can provide for impressive scenes of multiple fish moving in unison. Placing such fish in small numbers or in smaller aquariums could actually be detrimental to them. Behavior can also be used to assist in keeping your tank clean. Being aware of the eating habits of catfish species would alert you to the fact that they make for effective bottom dwelling scavengers that help in keeping the tank substrate clean. Knowing the different fish species behaviors will help you obtain an aquarium that displays a rich and vibrant tapestry of behaviors. This will ensure that there is always something interesting to look at in all areas of the tank. Complementing, yet contrasting behaviors is what provides the depth of beauty to any aquarium

As long as you are aware that you must research the temperament and behavior of each species before you buy tropical fish, you will end up with an aquarium that displays the diversity that you want and that is also healthy for the fish themselves.

Aquarium lighting -Know Your Facts

When you are ready to buy the aquarium lighting, you have to choose it carefully. The perfect type of the lighting is very useful for the aquarium. That’s because the plants are depending on the light. By choosing the wrong aquarium lights, the algae will grow uncontrollably but the other plants will not.

But the light is very important for the fish too, because they need to see the swimming path and the food. The fishes should have at least 12 hours of light every day.Don’t shut down the light instantly, because the fishes will become scared. The best solution is to close the light system of the aquarium and after a few minutes to close the light of the room.

Some people choose to have a night light for their fishes. In nature this light is normal and is created by the moon.When you purchase a light system there are two important things you should look at: the spectrum of light and the brightness. The companies are making aquarium lights in many spectrum variants.

Choose a proper color for plants, which is blue or red. If you have only fishes in the aquarium choose green, yellow or the entire spectrum of light. The brightness is more difficult to establish. You must know how much light the fishes and plants need. You should know exactly how wide and deep the aquarium is. If the deepness of the aquarium is more than usual, use a strong light.

The perfect way to measure the need of light in the aquarium is the luxmeter. The light intensity is measured in luxes. An aquarium populated with freshwater plants will need around 5 000 luxes and the corals, sea-flowers and saltwater plants will need around 6 000 luxes. If the aquarium will have more light than normal, the algae will grow more than usual. That’s why it is extremely important to know the exact amount of light for the aquarium.The fluorescent tubes are the most common aquarium lightings.

They can make many colors of the spectrum and they can last around two years. Halogen and tungsten lamps are used in some aquariums, but there are not the perfect choices. Even though they are cheaper, they use more energy and lasts shorter. These kinds of lamps don’t have all the time the right color spectrum for growing plants. Ordinary house lamps are not good for aquariums because they can’t light up the entire structure in the same way.

Try not to save some money because you will lose from the quality and also the fishes and the plants will suffer. Sometimes being cheep will have a dramatic effect on the light quality. Purchasing some light that are not proper for the aquarium can destroy the entire artificial ecosystem inside of it. The best solution nowadays is to buy LED lights that last longer and have the perfect intensity and spectrum for the plants and fishes.

Setting Up A Saltwater or Freshwater Tank – Some Tips

Congratulations on your decision to purchase an aquarium! You will find that you are in for a very rewarding hobby, one that will surely provide you with hours upon endless hours of fun, relaxation and stress relief.

Everyone knows that fish care is one of the most enjoyable activities around and one that can literally cause all of your worldly cares to drift away. Countless people have already experienced the sheer joy of whiling away hours in front of the aquarium, mesmerized by the endless frolicking of the wonderful sea creatures contained therein. And these hours are by no means wasted, for how can something that can provide such a soul soothing experience be a waste? Indeed, such an activity should be required for every one of us as a means to get a breather from all the endless pressures of modern society!

One of the first major decisions that you will face when first starting up an aquarium is whether you will go with a saltwater tank or a freshwater tank. This decision is quite crucial and the consequences of which will have a great deal to do with the subsequent enjoyment of your aquarium.

A word of caution before you make your final decision though: setting up a saltwater tank can be a good deal more challenging and more involved than setting up a freshwater tank. This is not to say that setting up a saltwater tank is a task that is far too difficult for the average home aquarium purchaser. By no means is it an impossible job and if you approach it with the proper knowledge, equipment and sufficient interest and desire to succeed there is no reason why you will not be able to have a fully functional and successful saltwater tank at home. Nevertheless, be forewarned that you may encounter some difficulties with saltwater tanks that are simply not a part of the freshwater tank process, so if you want to have as easy a time of it as possible or if this is your very first time to engage in such an activity, you may opt for a freshwater tank instead of a saltwater one.

All that being said however, you can be sure that whichever type of aquarium that you go for you are sure to have many hours of enjoyment out of relatively little time and effort invested.

Obviously the type of fish or other marine life that you will be stocking in your aquarium will be dependent on the type of water you have in it. Many people are generally of the opinion that seawater fishes on the whole are a lot more colorful and visually pleasing than their freshwater counterparts. While this is true to some extent, you will certainly have no trouble finding some freshwater specimens that can more than hold their own in the looks department. So whichever type of tank you ultimately decide to go with you can be secure in the knowledge that you will soon be owner of one of the most visually pleasing water displays known to man.

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Aquarium Lighting: Which is Ideal for my Tank?

Once you decide to bring an aquarium into your home, you will put a lot of time, energy and money into creating a masterpiece aquarium. You have carefully selected the right style aquarium for your taste and placed it in just the right spot in your home. You spent countless hours researching saltwater fish, coral and other marine life to create a balanced and serene aquatic environment.

You’re proud of the masterpiece that you have created and now you should show it off. Lighting is just as important for the aesthetics as it is necessary for your aquarium to grow and flourish. You will want to carefully select it and knowing all of your options will aid you in making the right decision for your aquarium.

Lighting Options

Before you can select lighting, it would be helpful to understand what is available and the advantages and disadvantages of each. In order for your aquarium to thrive and looks its best, it is important to select the lighting that is recommended for your individual underwater community. In this case, one size doesn’t fit all.

Fluorescent Lighting

The most common type of aquarium lighting is fluorescent. One reason for its popularity is that it is the oldest technology available for aquariums. Secondly, it is less expensive than other types of lighting. Not only do they cost less, but they have a low operating cost and emit less heat than other bulbs. However, most fluorescent lights are not compatible with marine life. Full-spectrum fluorescent lights are the only fluorescent lights that can provide the necessary light for a healthy aquarium.

LED Lighting

LED lighting is the newest lighting technology and much more superior to any other lighting on the market. First, the LED bulbs produce considerably less heat than other bulbs and operate at a fraction of the cost of other bulbs. Additionally, these bulbs can last significantly longer than traditional fluorescent or metal halide bulbs. Some people will shy away from LED lighting because the bulbs can be more expensive than other bulbs; however, LED bulbs are the best lighting option for your saltwater aquarium. The LED lights will provide your plants and coral with a good supply of strong light so your aquarium can grow to its full potential. Another benefit to LED lighting is how your aquarium will look. LED lighting will make your whole aquarium seem brighter and colors will be sharper. If you are going to spend the time and money creating your aquarium, don’t you want to show it off in the best way possible?

Metal Halide Lighting

Metal Halide (MH) lights are amongst the strongest marine aquarium lighting available. Metal halides are ideal if you plan on keeping corals that require very high lighting. Metal halides are particularly effective when combined with other types of fluorescent lighting. MH lights are also ideal for deep aquariums because the light can penetrate approximately 24 inches deep. However, MH bulbs tend to produce a great amount of heat and may require that you use a chiller. If financial investment is a concern, it is also good to know that MH bulbs are expensive to purchase. So unless your specific aquarium requires these types of lights, it may be more economical to choose a different type of lighting technology.

There are many aquarium lighting options to choose from. It is important to consider lighting as a factor when purchasing an aquarium. Do your research. Decide on marine life you would like to keep and design your lighting scheme to allow your marine life flourish.

4 Important Pet Supplies When Setting Up a 10 Gallon Fish Tank

Article by Rose Rykowsky

A 10 gallon fish tank may seem easy to maintain because it is small. That could be true if you have the necessary equipment. On the other hand, it is actually more difficult to maintain a 10 gallon fish tank than a 50 gallon fish tank because of the amount of water. The less the amount of water, the faster the chemical levels in the water can change. However, you can only keep one 10-inch fish, or two 5-inch fish in a 10 gallon fish tank. Yes, as a rule of thumb, there should be a gallon per inch of fish. So if you are looking forward to having tetras, a dwarf puffer fish, or a bettas, then a 10 gallon fish tank is just for you. Here are the pet supplies you are going to need for your new fish tank:

1. Filter System – this is one of the most important equipment you will need for your 10 gallon fish tank. Without a filter system, you will need to replace the water and clean the aquarium if not daily, every other day. A filter system includes a pump and filters. A small filter system that filters about 80 gallons per hour is good enough for a 10 gallon fish tank.

2. Heating System- Different fish species require different ambient temperatures. It is easy to maintain the water temperature of a 10 gallon fish tank with a small heater. You will need an aquarium thermometer so you can easily manage the water temperature. You also have to be aware about where you are going to place the tank. Avoid placing in under direct sunlight because it can drastically change the water around noon. It’s best to find a spot in your house where the temperature stays the same throughout the day.

3. Lighting System – enjoy your fish even at night by having a light system. Plants and fish require light system to live like other animals.

4. Decoration – you pet fish will be living in your aquarium for many years. It’s best to try to create an aquarium that will make your fish feel at home. Some gravel, plants, coral reefs, and other aquarium decoration will make your pet fish feel at home and it possibly help it live longer.

Taking care of fish in a aquarium is very low maintenance if you have all the pet supplies you need. So long as the filters keep the water clean and clear, you will only have to replace the water and clean the aquarium once a week. So be sure you have everything ready before you put your new companion in its new home.

Rose Rykowsky is the owner of www.RosesPetSupplies.com which is a network of online stores focused on serving the busy yet value conscience shopper. We carry a wide variety of high quality fish supplies from the world’s best manufacturers.

Tropical Fish Lovers – If You’re Gonna Have a Saltwater Aquarium, Do It Right!

Article by Jami Kartr

Not just any goober can be a effective and experienced aquarist. This is a techniques for actual men, and in some conditions females. Having said that, it is truly one of the most pleasurable needs around. All over the team kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of species of fish tanks are known for their treatment options impact on everyone that makes a selection them, and there are few elements more enjoyable than developing a “mini ocean” in the property.Although a effective all over the group bundle features many different elements – all over the group kinds of kinds of kinds of kinds of types of fish, of course, or if you want a all over the group bundle you may only have a variety of unusual obstacle, keep be mountain which usually raises a legitimate understanding of balanced bacteria and little creatures that keep your seaside balanced, keep be mud which needs up spend from your clear water, and of course a important number of invertebrates. But the “piece de resistance” – the part of your all over the group bundle system that is the center of it’s inhabitants, and the key to your accomplishments, is the aquarium’s lighting style results design results design results. Although you can certainly get started with whatever bundle lighting style results comes with your all over the group bundle package, later you will want to know how lighting style results design results design results choices can improve your all over the group bundle experience. Luckily for you, extraordinary success have been made in package lighting style results lately. While LED aquarium lighting has complete been well-known for evening time a while time a while package lighting style results, they have lately become the best option for time lighting style results also. One primary reason is that it needs less potential to run an LED relaxing, and consequently the benefits can be as high as 70%! They have a longer business life and give your package a eye-catching factor when it comes to getting hot. All over the team package lighting style results is a large topic and any selection should be associated with review. You can find a whole lot content online – just the the google post submission sites. Another awesome way to get started is to talk about to the team at your regional of species of fish store. After all, they are going to be your assistance team in your new action, and they will know a lot more off the bat about what you need to do to get started with your new little beach. And regional types of types of types of types of types of types of types of types of types of species of fish shops are the best way to really get a feel for the effect that around the team tanks can have on your feelings and your life.

Aquatic Dreams in Layton, Ut has a number of useful people that regularly response concerns for people all the way from Los Angeles, Florida to Chicago, illinois. Have a look at them out and have fun with a new interesting hobby!

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Freshwater Aquarium Setup

Article by Kevin Smith

Where to place your aquarium

Placing the aquarium in the right spot is also essential. Putting an aquarium in the direct sunlight can make it too warm, and also disrupt the lighting cycle you want to create with your tank’s own lighting. Place your tank in a place where it will get just normal, filtered light from windows. Wash the tank thoroughly before placing anything inside. You can use water and salt but no soap as soap residue can kill fish.

Substrates are not all the same

Next, get your substrate (gravel), plants, and other structures, such as logs or driftwood and wash all of them thoroughly. One way to wash the substrate is to put it in a pasta/vegetable strainer and run water through it. You can choose from three sizes of substrate: small stones and pebbles, medium-sized stones and pebbles, or large rocks which can cover much of the bottom of the tank. The best choice is in the middle–medium-sized rocks and pebbles. No matter what the substrate is, everyone will refer to it as gravel. Some kinds of substrate can affect the pH of the water. Stay away from slate, shells, onyx, lava rock, geodes, quartz, dolomite, limestone, and other similar substances.

Aquarium fill-up

Put your clean substrate in the aquarium and then the heater, plants and other structures. Wash all of them off so no diseases can be transferred once the fish have been placed in the tank. Next, freshwater aquarium setup is going to mean filling the tank with water. Try to use distilled water that has been sitting at room temperature. If you have to use tap water and you have a city or town water supply, you will have to add an aquarium chlorine remover every time before you can add new water to the tank. Put the heater in the tank, let it adjust to the water temperature before turning it on (15 minutes), and then install the tank light and hood.

Patience is a virtue.

Plug everything in and turn it on. And then be very patient. The aquarium has to go through a nitrogen cycle, which can take as long as six weeks. Then you need to test the pH level, ammonia level, nitrate and nitrite levels. If all are within range (check the test kit instructions for levels), you can start adding fish to the tank two at a time.

Remember, your aquarium may well be a lifetime hobby, so waiting a little more time during the initial freshwater aquarium setup is really a good thing, because it will lead to healthy fish. You will need to continue to test your water for these various chemicals forever so that both your fish and plants thrive. Patience will bring many rewards, particularly when you consider how much enjoyment you will have watching your fish.

Kevin Smith has been in the freshwater aquarium hobby for over 30 years, and enjoys helping others get started in this amazing hobby. His newest book, “The Ultimate Guide to Freshwater Aquariums” teaches aquarists everything they need know about starting and maintaining a stunning and thriving freshwater aquarium.

For more great information on freshwater aquarium setup, visit http://www.afreshwateraquarium.com.

How To Set Up An Environmentally Friendly Freshwater Aquarium

Article by Garry Macdonald

Aquarium keeping does not have to be a hobby that endangers the environment. There are steps you can take to ensure that your aquarium will not have a negative impact on natural ecosystems.Firstly when you go to a pet store to buy fish or plants, ask the retailer where the specimens came from. If they say they do not know, do not buy anything. You will want to know whether the specimens were bred in captivity to sell specifically for aquariums or if they were captured from the wild. Always go for the plants and fish that were bred in captivity. The less that aquarists buy organisms that were captured in the wild, the less the demand will be for wild fish and plants, and the less they will be harvested from their natural ecosystems.Some times aquarists are given an organism they can not keep, or they buy one too many, or they simply decide they want to get rid of a perfectly healthy, living plant or fish. Believe it or not, letting your unwanted goldfish loose in a pond is actually a bad idea. An organism that is released into the wild when it has only lived in captivity has little hope of survival. They do not understand their environment. They will not know what their natural food source is or how to hide from a predator. In the unlikelihood of survival, the organism becomes what is called an invasive species. These are organisms that are introduced to the environment and harm it. They degrade ecosystem functions. Invasive species also affect human day-to-day life. Because they upset ecosystems where they do not belong, whatever waters they are introduced to become unsafe to use for recreation. ‘Drinking water plants’ have to work harder to keep the water drinkable, which costs more money.

There are alternatives to releasing an unwanted fish or plant into the great unknowns of the wild. Contact the retailer you bought it from and ask them about returns. If they will not take the fish back they might have some ideas about how to get rid of it. Another option is to trade or give it to another aquarist. Plants are easier-just seal them in a plastic bag and throw them away with the rubbish.The best and really only way you can take steps to setting up an environmentally friendly freshwater aquarium is to think carefully about what fish and plants you want before buying. It is easier to buy few organisms and add on to your collection than it is to take organisms away! Your collection should only consist of specimens that were bred in captivity specifically to be sold for home aquariums. Follow those two steps and you will have a very environmentally friendly freshwater aquarium.

Garry Macdonald is a freshwater aquarium enthusiast with many years real-life experience. For more information on the ecosystem of a freshwater aquarium, visit http://www.freshwateraquariumsexplained.com.

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